Dectin-1 (gene symbol: Clec7a) is a receptor for β-glucans that play an important role for the host defense against fungi. Recently, we showed that Clec7a '/' mice are resistant against dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis because of regulatory T-cell population expansion in the colon. The regulatory T-cell expansion is caused by expansion of commensal Lactobacillus murinus whose growth is suppressed by an antimicrobial protein, calprotectin S100A8/A9. In this report, we showed that S100A8 was mainly produced by mouse colonic epithelial cells. S100A8 was not induced directly by Dectin-1 but by Dectin-1-induced cytokines, especially interleukin-17F (IL-17F), that were produced by several types of innate immune cells including CD11c + /CD11b + myeloid cells in colonic lamina propria. S100A8/A9 heterodimer preferentially suppressed the growth of L. murinus that was increased in both Clec7a '/' and Il17f '/' mice. Furthermore, similar expansion of L. murinus and DSS-colitis resistance were observed in mice fed with β-glucan-free food. These observations suggest that food-derived β-glucans control the specific commensal microbiota via the Dectin-1-IL-17F-calprotectin axis to maintain the intestinal homeostasis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy