園の食事における新型コロナウイルス感染症対応からみる日本と中国の文化差

Translated title of the contribution: Cultural differences between Japan and China in response to preschool mealtimes associated with COVID-19

Xue Han*, Tomoko Hasegawa, Noriko Toyama

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There are cultural differences in childcare practices in preschools, reflecting beliefs and values about children, childcare, and education. The COVID-19 pandemic exposed normally hidden cultural, ethnic, and historical issues. Mealtime is particularly restricted by droplet spread of COVID-19. Cultural differences in thoughts related to meals became evident in the response to this critical situation caused by the pandemic. This study examined how preschool mealtime has changed due to COVID-19 in Japan and China. A questionnaire survey was conducted from September 2020 to January 2021. This study included 191 Japanese preschools and 179 Chinese preschools. Various infection countermeasures were taken and mealtime practices changed drastically in both countries. In Japan, preschool mealtime is regarded as a socially essential event, for example, chatting while eating; whereas in China, nutrition and hygiene are considered more important. Possibly, because of such differences in mealtime conceptions, the impact of the spread of COVID-19 appeared to be substantial in Japan compared to China. Based on the obtained results, cultural differences in preschool education were discussed.

Translated title of the contributionCultural differences between Japan and China in response to preschool mealtimes associated with COVID-19
Original languageJapanese
Pages (from-to)177-187
Number of pages11
JournalShinrigaku Kenkyu
Volume93
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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