3-dimensional grain orientation of Re-Ba-Cu-O superconductors using a modulated oval magnetic field

Takayuki Fukushima, Shigeru Horii, Tetsuo Uchikoshi, Hiraku Ogino, Atsushi Ishihara, Tohru Suzuki, Yoshio Sakka, Jun Ichi Shimoyama, Kohji Kishio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)


Tri-axial orientation of twin-free powders of RE 2 Ba 4 Cu 7 O 15-σ (RE247, RE = Y, Dy, Ho, Er) was attempted by modulated rotating magnetic fields. The c-axis orientation was almost completely achieved for all the four RE247 compounds, whereas the degrees of in-plane orientation depended on RE element. Especially for Y247, the degrees of in-plane and c-axis orientation were determined to be ∼ 2.5° and < 2°, respectively, by the φ-scanning and rocking curve measurements. This excellent in-plane orientation is comparable or superior to those for coated conductors (∼ 4°) and melt-solidified bulks (∼ 8°) of REBa 2 Cu 3 O 7-σ . Magnetic field dependence of Lotgering factors revealed that the degrees of in-plane orientation were sensitive to the applied magnetic field. The required magnetic field for the tri-axial orientation is determined by the in-plane magnetic anisotropy rather than the magnetic anisotropy between in-plane and out-of-plane directions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5153200
Pages (from-to)2961-2964
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes



  • Modulated rotation magnetic field
  • RE Ba Cu O tri-axial orientation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Fukushima, T., Horii, S., Uchikoshi, T., Ogino, H., Ishihara, A., Suzuki, T., Sakka, Y., Shimoyama, J. I., & Kishio, K. (2009). 3-dimensional grain orientation of Re-Ba-Cu-O superconductors using a modulated oval magnetic field. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 19(3), 2961-2964. [5153200]. https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2009.2018859