3D printing phosphonium ionic liquid networks with mask projection microstereolithography

Alison R. Schultz, Philip M. Lambert, Nicholas A. Chartrain, David M. Ruohoniemi, Zhiyang Zhang, Chainika Jangu, Musan Zhang, Christopher B. Williams, Timothy Edward Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Photopolymerization coupled with mask projection microstereolithography successfully generated various 3D printed phosphonium polymerized ionic liquids (PILs) with low UV light intensity requirements and high digital resolution. Varying phosphonium monomer concentration, diacrylate cross-linking comonomer, and display images enabled precise 3D design and polymeric properties. The resulting cross-linked phosphonium PIL objects exhibited a synergy of high thermal stability, tunable glass transition temperature, optical clarity, and ion conductivity, which are collectively well-suited for emerging electro-active membrane technologies. Ion conductivity measurements on printed objects revealed a systematic progression in conductivity with ionic liquid monomer content, and thermal properties and solvent extraction demonstrated the formation of a polymerized ionic liquid network, with gel fractions exceeding 95%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1205-1209
Number of pages5
JournalACS Macro Letters
Volume3
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 18
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ionic Liquids
Ionic liquids
Printing
Masks
Monomers
Ions
Membrane technology
Photopolymerization
Solvent extraction
Ultraviolet radiation
Thermodynamic stability
Thermodynamic properties
Gels
Display devices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Schultz, A. R., Lambert, P. M., Chartrain, N. A., Ruohoniemi, D. M., Zhang, Z., Jangu, C., ... Long, T. E. (2014). 3D printing phosphonium ionic liquid networks with mask projection microstereolithography. ACS Macro Letters, 3(11), 1205-1209. https://doi.org/10.1021/mz5006316

3D printing phosphonium ionic liquid networks with mask projection microstereolithography. / Schultz, Alison R.; Lambert, Philip M.; Chartrain, Nicholas A.; Ruohoniemi, David M.; Zhang, Zhiyang; Jangu, Chainika; Zhang, Musan; Williams, Christopher B.; Long, Timothy Edward.

In: ACS Macro Letters, Vol. 3, No. 11, 18.11.2014, p. 1205-1209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schultz, AR, Lambert, PM, Chartrain, NA, Ruohoniemi, DM, Zhang, Z, Jangu, C, Zhang, M, Williams, CB & Long, TE 2014, '3D printing phosphonium ionic liquid networks with mask projection microstereolithography', ACS Macro Letters, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 1205-1209. https://doi.org/10.1021/mz5006316
Schultz AR, Lambert PM, Chartrain NA, Ruohoniemi DM, Zhang Z, Jangu C et al. 3D printing phosphonium ionic liquid networks with mask projection microstereolithography. ACS Macro Letters. 2014 Nov 18;3(11):1205-1209. https://doi.org/10.1021/mz5006316
Schultz, Alison R. ; Lambert, Philip M. ; Chartrain, Nicholas A. ; Ruohoniemi, David M. ; Zhang, Zhiyang ; Jangu, Chainika ; Zhang, Musan ; Williams, Christopher B. ; Long, Timothy Edward. / 3D printing phosphonium ionic liquid networks with mask projection microstereolithography. In: ACS Macro Letters. 2014 ; Vol. 3, No. 11. pp. 1205-1209.
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