A change in the optical polarization associated with a γ-ray flare in the blazar 3C 279

A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, M. Ajello, M. Axelsson, L. Baldini, J. Ballet, G. Barbiellini, D. Bastieri, B. M. Baughmanl, K. Bechtol, R. Bellazzini, B. Berenji, R. D. Blandford, E. D. Bloom, D. C J Bock, J. R. Bogart, E. Bonamente, A. W. Borgland, A. Bouvier, J. BregeonA. Brez, M. Brigida, P. Bruel, T. H. Burnett, S. Buson, G. A. Caliandro, R. A. Cameron, P. A. Caraveo, J. M. Casandjian, E. Cavazzuti, C. Cecchi, Ö Çelik, A. Chekhtman, C. C. Cheung, J. Chiang, S. Ciprini, R. Claus, J. Cohen-Tanugi, W. Collmar, L. R. Cominsky, J. Conrad, S. Corbel, R. Corbet, L. Costamante, S. Cutini, C. D. Dermer, A. De Angelis, F. De Palma, S. W. Digel, E. Do Couto E Silva, P. S. Drell, R. Dubois, D. Dumora, C. Farnier, C. Favuzzi, S. J. Fegan, E. C. Ferrara, W. B. Focke, P. Fortin, M. Frailis, L. Fuhrmann, Y. Fukazawa, S. Funk, P. Fusco, F. Gargano, D. Gasparrini, N. Gehrels, S. Germani, B. Giebels, N. Giglietto, P. Giommi, F. Giordano, M. Giroletti, T. Glanzman, G. Godfrey, I. A. Grenier, J. E. Grove, L. Guillemot, S. Guiriec, Y. Hanabata, A. K. Harding, M. Hayashida, E. Hays, D. Horan, R. E. Hughes, G. Iafrate, R. Itoh, M. S. Jackson, G. Jóhannesson, A. S. Johnson, W. N. Johnson, M. Kadler, T. Kamae, H. Katagiri, Jun Kataoka, N. Kawai, M. Kerr, J. Knödlseder, M. L. Kocian, M. Kuss, J. Lande, S. Larsson, L. Latronico, M. Lemoine-Goumard, F. Longo, F. Loparco, B. Lott, M. N. Lovellette, P. Lubrano, J. MacQuart, G. M. Madejski, A. Makeev, W. Max-Moerbeck, M. N. Mazziotta, W. McConville, J. E. McEnery, S. McGlynn, C. Meurer, P. F. Michelson, W. Mitthumsiri, T. Mizuno, A. A. Moiseev, C. Monte, M. E. Monzani, A. Morselli, I. V. Moskalenko, S. Murgia, I. Nestoras, P. L. Nolan, J. P. Norris, E. Nuss, T. Ohsugi, A. Okumura, N. Omodei, E. Orlando, J. F. Ormes, D. Paneque, J. H. Panetta, D. Parent, V. Pavlidou, T. J. Pearson, V. Pelassa, M. Pepe, M. Pesce-Rollins, F. Piron, T. A. Porter, S. Rainò, R. Rando, M. Razzano, A. Readhead, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, T. Reposeur, L. C. Reyes, J. L. Richards, L. S. Rochester, A. Y. Rodriguez, M. Roth, F. Ryde, H. F W Sadrozinski, D. Sanchez, A. Sander, P. M. Saz Parkinson, J. D. Scargle, C. Sgrò, M. S. Shaw, C. Shrader, E. J. Siskind, D. A. Smith, P. D. Smith, G. Spandre, P. Spinelli, L. Stawarz, M. Stevenson, M. S. Strickman, D. J. Suson, H. Tajima, H. Takahashi, T. Takahashi, T. Tanaka, G. B. Taylor, J. B. Thayer, J. G. Thayer, D. J. Thompson, L. Tibaldo, D. F. Torres, G. Tosti, A. Tramacere, Y. Uchiyama, T. L. Usher, V. Vasileiou, N. Vilchez, V. Vitale, A. P. Waite, P. Wang, A. E. Wehrle, B. L. Winer, K. S. Wood, T. Ylinen, J. A. Zensus, M. Ziegler, M. Uemura, Y. Ikejiri, K. S. Kawabata, M. Kino, K. Sakimoto, M. Sasada, S. Sato, M. Yamanaka, M. Villata, C. M. Raiteri, I. Agudo, H. D. Aller, M. F. Aller, E. Angelakis, A. A. Arkharov, U. Bach, E. Bený́tez, A. Berdyugin, D. A. Blinov, M. Boettcher, C. S. Buemi, W. P. Chen, M. Dolci, D. Dultzin, N. V. Efimova, M. A. Gurwell, C. Gusbar, J. L. Gómez, J. Heidt, D. Hiriart, T. Hovatta, S. G. Jorstad, T. S. Konstantinova, E. N. Kopatskaya, E. Koptelova, O. M. Kurtanidze, A. Lahteenmaki, V. M. Larionov, E. G. Larionova, P. Leto, H. C. Lin, E. Lindfors, A. P. Marscher, I. M. McHardy, D. A. Melnichuk, M. Mommert, K. Nilsson, A. Di Paola, R. Reinthal, G. M. Richter, M. Roca-Sogorb, P. Roustazadeh, L. A. Sigua, L. O. Takalo, M. Tornikoski, C. Trigilio, I. S. Troitsky, G. Umana, C. Villforth, K. Grainge, R. Moderski, K. Nalewajko, M. Sikora

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    233 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    It is widely accepted that strong and variable radiation detected over all accessible energy bands in a number of active galaxies arises from a relativistic, Doppler-boosted jet pointing close to our line of sight. The size of the emitting zone and the location of this region relative to the central supermassive black hole are, however, poorly known, with estimates ranging from light-hours to a light-year or more. Here we report the coincidence of a gamma (γ)-ray flare with a dramatic change of optical polarization angle. This provides evidence for co-spatiality of optical and γ-ray emission regions and indicates a highly ordered jet magnetic field. The results also require a non-axisymmetric structure of the emission zone, implying a curved trajectory for the emitting material within the jet, with the dissipation region located at a considerable distance from the black hole, at about 10 5 gravitational radii.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)919-923
    Number of pages5
    JournalNature
    Volume463
    Issue number7283
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010 Feb 18

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    Galaxies
    Gamma Rays
    Magnetic Fields
    Radiation
    Light

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General

    Cite this

    Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., ... Sikora, M. (2010). A change in the optical polarization associated with a γ-ray flare in the blazar 3C 279. Nature, 463(7283), 919-923. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08841

    A change in the optical polarization associated with a γ-ray flare in the blazar 3C 279. / Abdo, A. A.; Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.; Axelsson, M.; Baldini, L.; Ballet, J.; Barbiellini, G.; Bastieri, D.; Baughmanl, B. M.; Bechtol, K.; Bellazzini, R.; Berenji, B.; Blandford, R. D.; Bloom, E. D.; Bock, D. C J; Bogart, J. R.; Bonamente, E.; Borgland, A. W.; Bouvier, A.; Bregeon, J.; Brez, A.; Brigida, M.; Bruel, P.; Burnett, T. H.; Buson, S.; Caliandro, G. A.; Cameron, R. A.; Caraveo, P. A.; Casandjian, J. M.; Cavazzuti, E.; Cecchi, C.; Çelik, Ö; Chekhtman, A.; Cheung, C. C.; Chiang, J.; Ciprini, S.; Claus, R.; Cohen-Tanugi, J.; Collmar, W.; Cominsky, L. R.; Conrad, J.; Corbel, S.; Corbet, R.; Costamante, L.; Cutini, S.; Dermer, C. D.; De Angelis, A.; De Palma, F.; Digel, S. W.; Do Couto E Silva, E.; Drell, P. S.; Dubois, R.; Dumora, D.; Farnier, C.; Favuzzi, C.; Fegan, S. J.; Ferrara, E. C.; Focke, W. B.; Fortin, P.; Frailis, M.; Fuhrmann, L.; Fukazawa, Y.; Funk, S.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Gasparrini, D.; Gehrels, N.; Germani, S.; Giebels, B.; Giglietto, N.; Giommi, P.; Giordano, F.; Giroletti, M.; Glanzman, T.; Godfrey, G.; Grenier, I. A.; Grove, J. E.; Guillemot, L.; Guiriec, S.; Hanabata, Y.; Harding, A. K.; Hayashida, M.; Hays, E.; Horan, D.; Hughes, R. E.; Iafrate, G.; Itoh, R.; Jackson, M. S.; Jóhannesson, G.; Johnson, A. S.; Johnson, W. N.; Kadler, M.; Kamae, T.; Katagiri, H.; Kataoka, Jun; Kawai, N.; Kerr, M.; Knödlseder, J.; Kocian, M. L.; Kuss, M.; Lande, J.; Larsson, S.; Latronico, L.; Lemoine-Goumard, M.; Longo, F.; Loparco, F.; Lott, B.; Lovellette, M. N.; Lubrano, P.; MacQuart, J.; Madejski, G. M.; Makeev, A.; Max-Moerbeck, W.; Mazziotta, M. N.; McConville, W.; McEnery, J. E.; McGlynn, S.; Meurer, C.; Michelson, P. F.; Mitthumsiri, W.; Mizuno, T.; Moiseev, A. A.; Monte, C.; Monzani, M. E.; Morselli, A.; Moskalenko, I. V.; Murgia, S.; Nestoras, I.; Nolan, P. L.; Norris, J. P.; Nuss, E.; Ohsugi, T.; Okumura, A.; Omodei, N.; Orlando, E.; Ormes, J. F.; Paneque, D.; Panetta, J. H.; Parent, D.; Pavlidou, V.; Pearson, T. J.; Pelassa, V.; Pepe, M.; Pesce-Rollins, M.; Piron, F.; Porter, T. A.; Rainò, S.; Rando, R.; Razzano, M.; Readhead, A.; Reimer, A.; Reimer, O.; Reposeur, T.; Reyes, L. C.; Richards, J. L.; Rochester, L. S.; Rodriguez, A. Y.; Roth, M.; Ryde, F.; Sadrozinski, H. F W; Sanchez, D.; Sander, A.; Saz Parkinson, P. M.; Scargle, J. D.; Sgrò, C.; Shaw, M. S.; Shrader, C.; Siskind, E. J.; Smith, D. A.; Smith, P. D.; Spandre, G.; Spinelli, P.; Stawarz, L.; Stevenson, M.; Strickman, M. S.; Suson, D. J.; Tajima, H.; Takahashi, H.; Takahashi, T.; Tanaka, T.; Taylor, G. B.; Thayer, J. B.; Thayer, J. G.; Thompson, D. J.; Tibaldo, L.; Torres, D. F.; Tosti, G.; Tramacere, A.; Uchiyama, Y.; Usher, T. L.; Vasileiou, V.; Vilchez, N.; Vitale, V.; Waite, A. P.; Wang, P.; Wehrle, A. E.; Winer, B. L.; Wood, K. S.; Ylinen, T.; Zensus, J. A.; Ziegler, M.; Uemura, M.; Ikejiri, Y.; Kawabata, K. S.; Kino, M.; Sakimoto, K.; Sasada, M.; Sato, S.; Yamanaka, M.; Villata, M.; Raiteri, C. M.; Agudo, I.; Aller, H. D.; Aller, M. F.; Angelakis, E.; Arkharov, A. A.; Bach, U.; Bený́tez, E.; Berdyugin, A.; Blinov, D. A.; Boettcher, M.; Buemi, C. S.; Chen, W. P.; Dolci, M.; Dultzin, D.; Efimova, N. V.; Gurwell, M. A.; Gusbar, C.; Gómez, J. L.; Heidt, J.; Hiriart, D.; Hovatta, T.; Jorstad, S. G.; Konstantinova, T. S.; Kopatskaya, E. N.; Koptelova, E.; Kurtanidze, O. M.; Lahteenmaki, A.; Larionov, V. M.; Larionova, E. G.; Leto, P.; Lin, H. C.; Lindfors, E.; Marscher, A. P.; McHardy, I. M.; Melnichuk, D. A.; Mommert, M.; Nilsson, K.; Di Paola, A.; Reinthal, R.; Richter, G. M.; Roca-Sogorb, M.; Roustazadeh, P.; Sigua, L. A.; Takalo, L. O.; Tornikoski, M.; Trigilio, C.; Troitsky, I. S.; Umana, G.; Villforth, C.; Grainge, K.; Moderski, R.; Nalewajko, K.; Sikora, M.

    In: Nature, Vol. 463, No. 7283, 18.02.2010, p. 919-923.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abdo, AA, Ackermann, M, Ajello, M, Axelsson, M, Baldini, L, Ballet, J, Barbiellini, G, Bastieri, D, Baughmanl, BM, Bechtol, K, Bellazzini, R, Berenji, B, Blandford, RD, Bloom, ED, Bock, DCJ, Bogart, JR, Bonamente, E, Borgland, AW, Bouvier, A, Bregeon, J, Brez, A, Brigida, M, Bruel, P, Burnett, TH, Buson, S, Caliandro, GA, Cameron, RA, Caraveo, PA, Casandjian, JM, Cavazzuti, E, Cecchi, C, Çelik, Ö, Chekhtman, A, Cheung, CC, Chiang, J, Ciprini, S, Claus, R, Cohen-Tanugi, J, Collmar, W, Cominsky, LR, Conrad, J, Corbel, S, Corbet, R, Costamante, L, Cutini, S, Dermer, CD, De Angelis, A, De Palma, F, Digel, SW, Do Couto E Silva, E, Drell, PS, Dubois, R, Dumora, D, Farnier, C, Favuzzi, C, Fegan, SJ, Ferrara, EC, Focke, WB, Fortin, P, Frailis, M, Fuhrmann, L, Fukazawa, Y, Funk, S, Fusco, P, Gargano, F, Gasparrini, D, Gehrels, N, Germani, S, Giebels, B, Giglietto, N, Giommi, P, Giordano, F, Giroletti, M, Glanzman, T, Godfrey, G, Grenier, IA, Grove, JE, Guillemot, L, Guiriec, S, Hanabata, Y, Harding, AK, Hayashida, M, Hays, E, Horan, D, Hughes, RE, Iafrate, G, Itoh, R, Jackson, MS, Jóhannesson, G, Johnson, AS, Johnson, WN, Kadler, M, Kamae, T, Katagiri, H, Kataoka, J, Kawai, N, Kerr, M, Knödlseder, J, Kocian, ML, Kuss, M, Lande, J, Larsson, S, Latronico, L, Lemoine-Goumard, M, Longo, F, Loparco, F, Lott, B, Lovellette, MN, Lubrano, P, MacQuart, J, Madejski, GM, Makeev, A, Max-Moerbeck, W, Mazziotta, MN, McConville, W, McEnery, JE, McGlynn, S, Meurer, C, Michelson, PF, Mitthumsiri, W, Mizuno, T, Moiseev, AA, Monte, C, Monzani, ME, Morselli, A, Moskalenko, IV, Murgia, S, Nestoras, I, Nolan, PL, Norris, JP, Nuss, E, Ohsugi, T, Okumura, A, Omodei, N, Orlando, E, Ormes, JF, Paneque, D, Panetta, JH, Parent, D, Pavlidou, V, Pearson, TJ, Pelassa, V, Pepe, M, Pesce-Rollins, M, Piron, F, Porter, TA, Rainò, S, Rando, R, Razzano, M, Readhead, A, Reimer, A, Reimer, O, Reposeur, T, Reyes, LC, Richards, JL, Rochester, LS, Rodriguez, AY, Roth, M, Ryde, F, Sadrozinski, HFW, Sanchez, D, Sander, A, Saz Parkinson, PM, Scargle, JD, Sgrò, C, Shaw, MS, Shrader, C, Siskind, EJ, Smith, DA, Smith, PD, Spandre, G, Spinelli, P, Stawarz, L, Stevenson, M, Strickman, MS, Suson, DJ, Tajima, H, Takahashi, H, Takahashi, T, Tanaka, T, Taylor, GB, Thayer, JB, Thayer, JG, Thompson, DJ, Tibaldo, L, Torres, DF, Tosti, G, Tramacere, A, Uchiyama, Y, Usher, TL, Vasileiou, V, Vilchez, N, Vitale, V, Waite, AP, Wang, P, Wehrle, AE, Winer, BL, Wood, KS, Ylinen, T, Zensus, JA, Ziegler, M, Uemura, M, Ikejiri, Y, Kawabata, KS, Kino, M, Sakimoto, K, Sasada, M, Sato, S, Yamanaka, M, Villata, M, Raiteri, CM, Agudo, I, Aller, HD, Aller, MF, Angelakis, E, Arkharov, AA, Bach, U, Bený́tez, E, Berdyugin, A, Blinov, DA, Boettcher, M, Buemi, CS, Chen, WP, Dolci, M, Dultzin, D, Efimova, NV, Gurwell, MA, Gusbar, C, Gómez, JL, Heidt, J, Hiriart, D, Hovatta, T, Jorstad, SG, Konstantinova, TS, Kopatskaya, EN, Koptelova, E, Kurtanidze, OM, Lahteenmaki, A, Larionov, VM, Larionova, EG, Leto, P, Lin, HC, Lindfors, E, Marscher, AP, McHardy, IM, Melnichuk, DA, Mommert, M, Nilsson, K, Di Paola, A, Reinthal, R, Richter, GM, Roca-Sogorb, M, Roustazadeh, P, Sigua, LA, Takalo, LO, Tornikoski, M, Trigilio, C, Troitsky, IS, Umana, G, Villforth, C, Grainge, K, Moderski, R, Nalewajko, K & Sikora, M 2010, 'A change in the optical polarization associated with a γ-ray flare in the blazar 3C 279', Nature, vol. 463, no. 7283, pp. 919-923. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08841
    Abdo AA, Ackermann M, Ajello M, Axelsson M, Baldini L, Ballet J et al. A change in the optical polarization associated with a γ-ray flare in the blazar 3C 279. Nature. 2010 Feb 18;463(7283):919-923. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08841
    Abdo, A. A. ; Ackermann, M. ; Ajello, M. ; Axelsson, M. ; Baldini, L. ; Ballet, J. ; Barbiellini, G. ; Bastieri, D. ; Baughmanl, B. M. ; Bechtol, K. ; Bellazzini, R. ; Berenji, B. ; Blandford, R. D. ; Bloom, E. D. ; Bock, D. C J ; Bogart, J. R. ; Bonamente, E. ; Borgland, A. W. ; Bouvier, A. ; Bregeon, J. ; Brez, A. ; Brigida, M. ; Bruel, P. ; Burnett, T. H. ; Buson, S. ; Caliandro, G. A. ; Cameron, R. A. ; Caraveo, P. A. ; Casandjian, J. M. ; Cavazzuti, E. ; Cecchi, C. ; Çelik, Ö ; Chekhtman, A. ; Cheung, C. C. ; Chiang, J. ; Ciprini, S. ; Claus, R. ; Cohen-Tanugi, J. ; Collmar, W. ; Cominsky, L. R. ; Conrad, J. ; Corbel, S. ; Corbet, R. ; Costamante, L. ; Cutini, S. ; Dermer, C. D. ; De Angelis, A. ; De Palma, F. ; Digel, S. W. ; Do Couto E Silva, E. ; Drell, P. S. ; Dubois, R. ; Dumora, D. ; Farnier, C. ; Favuzzi, C. ; Fegan, S. J. ; Ferrara, E. C. ; Focke, W. B. ; Fortin, P. ; Frailis, M. ; Fuhrmann, L. ; Fukazawa, Y. ; Funk, S. ; Fusco, P. ; Gargano, F. ; Gasparrini, D. ; Gehrels, N. ; Germani, S. ; Giebels, B. ; Giglietto, N. ; Giommi, P. ; Giordano, F. ; Giroletti, M. ; Glanzman, T. ; Godfrey, G. ; Grenier, I. A. ; Grove, J. E. ; Guillemot, L. ; Guiriec, S. ; Hanabata, Y. ; Harding, A. K. ; Hayashida, M. ; Hays, E. ; Horan, D. ; Hughes, R. E. ; Iafrate, G. ; Itoh, R. ; Jackson, M. S. ; Jóhannesson, G. ; Johnson, A. S. ; Johnson, W. N. ; Kadler, M. ; Kamae, T. ; Katagiri, H. ; Kataoka, Jun ; Kawai, N. ; Kerr, M. ; Knödlseder, J. ; Kocian, M. L. ; Kuss, M. ; Lande, J. ; Larsson, S. ; Latronico, L. ; Lemoine-Goumard, M. ; Longo, F. ; Loparco, F. ; Lott, B. ; Lovellette, M. N. ; Lubrano, P. ; MacQuart, J. ; Madejski, G. M. ; Makeev, A. ; Max-Moerbeck, W. ; Mazziotta, M. N. ; McConville, W. ; McEnery, J. E. ; McGlynn, S. ; Meurer, C. ; Michelson, P. F. ; Mitthumsiri, W. ; Mizuno, T. ; Moiseev, A. A. ; Monte, C. ; Monzani, M. E. ; Morselli, A. ; Moskalenko, I. V. ; Murgia, S. ; Nestoras, I. ; Nolan, P. L. ; Norris, J. P. ; Nuss, E. ; Ohsugi, T. ; Okumura, A. ; Omodei, N. ; Orlando, E. ; Ormes, J. F. ; Paneque, D. ; Panetta, J. H. ; Parent, D. ; Pavlidou, V. ; Pearson, T. J. ; Pelassa, V. ; Pepe, M. ; Pesce-Rollins, M. ; Piron, F. ; Porter, T. A. ; Rainò, S. ; Rando, R. ; Razzano, M. ; Readhead, A. ; Reimer, A. ; Reimer, O. ; Reposeur, T. ; Reyes, L. C. ; Richards, J. L. ; Rochester, L. S. ; Rodriguez, A. Y. ; Roth, M. ; Ryde, F. ; Sadrozinski, H. F W ; Sanchez, D. ; Sander, A. ; Saz Parkinson, P. M. ; Scargle, J. D. ; Sgrò, C. ; Shaw, M. S. ; Shrader, C. ; Siskind, E. J. ; Smith, D. A. ; Smith, P. D. ; Spandre, G. ; Spinelli, P. ; Stawarz, L. ; Stevenson, M. ; Strickman, M. S. ; Suson, D. J. ; Tajima, H. ; Takahashi, H. ; Takahashi, T. ; Tanaka, T. ; Taylor, G. B. ; Thayer, J. B. ; Thayer, J. G. ; Thompson, D. J. ; Tibaldo, L. ; Torres, D. F. ; Tosti, G. ; Tramacere, A. ; Uchiyama, Y. ; Usher, T. L. ; Vasileiou, V. ; Vilchez, N. ; Vitale, V. ; Waite, A. P. ; Wang, P. ; Wehrle, A. E. ; Winer, B. L. ; Wood, K. S. ; Ylinen, T. ; Zensus, J. A. ; Ziegler, M. ; Uemura, M. ; Ikejiri, Y. ; Kawabata, K. S. ; Kino, M. ; Sakimoto, K. ; Sasada, M. ; Sato, S. ; Yamanaka, M. ; Villata, M. ; Raiteri, C. M. ; Agudo, I. ; Aller, H. D. ; Aller, M. F. ; Angelakis, E. ; Arkharov, A. A. ; Bach, U. ; Bený́tez, E. ; Berdyugin, A. ; Blinov, D. A. ; Boettcher, M. ; Buemi, C. S. ; Chen, W. P. ; Dolci, M. ; Dultzin, D. ; Efimova, N. V. ; Gurwell, M. A. ; Gusbar, C. ; Gómez, J. L. ; Heidt, J. ; Hiriart, D. ; Hovatta, T. ; Jorstad, S. G. ; Konstantinova, T. S. ; Kopatskaya, E. N. ; Koptelova, E. ; Kurtanidze, O. M. ; Lahteenmaki, A. ; Larionov, V. M. ; Larionova, E. G. ; Leto, P. ; Lin, H. C. ; Lindfors, E. ; Marscher, A. P. ; McHardy, I. M. ; Melnichuk, D. A. ; Mommert, M. ; Nilsson, K. ; Di Paola, A. ; Reinthal, R. ; Richter, G. M. ; Roca-Sogorb, M. ; Roustazadeh, P. ; Sigua, L. A. ; Takalo, L. O. ; Tornikoski, M. ; Trigilio, C. ; Troitsky, I. S. ; Umana, G. ; Villforth, C. ; Grainge, K. ; Moderski, R. ; Nalewajko, K. ; Sikora, M. / A change in the optical polarization associated with a γ-ray flare in the blazar 3C 279. In: Nature. 2010 ; Vol. 463, No. 7283. pp. 919-923.
    @article{3db1ee715ea04587b0864160b6eab06c,
    title = "A change in the optical polarization associated with a γ-ray flare in the blazar 3C 279",
    abstract = "It is widely accepted that strong and variable radiation detected over all accessible energy bands in a number of active galaxies arises from a relativistic, Doppler-boosted jet pointing close to our line of sight. The size of the emitting zone and the location of this region relative to the central supermassive black hole are, however, poorly known, with estimates ranging from light-hours to a light-year or more. Here we report the coincidence of a gamma (γ)-ray flare with a dramatic change of optical polarization angle. This provides evidence for co-spatiality of optical and γ-ray emission regions and indicates a highly ordered jet magnetic field. The results also require a non-axisymmetric structure of the emission zone, implying a curved trajectory for the emitting material within the jet, with the dissipation region located at a considerable distance from the black hole, at about 10 5 gravitational radii.",
    author = "Abdo, {A. A.} and M. Ackermann and M. Ajello and M. Axelsson and L. Baldini and J. Ballet and G. Barbiellini and D. Bastieri and Baughmanl, {B. M.} and K. Bechtol and R. Bellazzini and B. Berenji and Blandford, {R. D.} and Bloom, {E. D.} and Bock, {D. C J} and Bogart, {J. R.} and E. Bonamente and Borgland, {A. W.} and A. Bouvier and J. Bregeon and A. Brez and M. Brigida and P. Bruel and Burnett, {T. H.} and S. Buson and Caliandro, {G. A.} and Cameron, {R. A.} and Caraveo, {P. A.} and Casandjian, {J. M.} and E. Cavazzuti and C. Cecchi and {\"O} {\cC}elik and A. Chekhtman and Cheung, {C. C.} and J. Chiang and S. Ciprini and R. Claus and J. Cohen-Tanugi and W. Collmar and Cominsky, {L. R.} and J. Conrad and S. Corbel and R. Corbet and L. Costamante and S. Cutini and Dermer, {C. D.} and {De Angelis}, A. and {De Palma}, F. and Digel, {S. W.} and {Do Couto E Silva}, E. and Drell, {P. S.} and R. Dubois and D. Dumora and C. Farnier and C. Favuzzi and Fegan, {S. J.} and Ferrara, {E. C.} and Focke, {W. B.} and P. Fortin and M. Frailis and L. Fuhrmann and Y. Fukazawa and S. Funk and P. Fusco and F. Gargano and D. Gasparrini and N. Gehrels and S. Germani and B. Giebels and N. Giglietto and P. Giommi and F. Giordano and M. Giroletti and T. Glanzman and G. Godfrey and Grenier, {I. A.} and Grove, {J. E.} and L. Guillemot and S. Guiriec and Y. Hanabata and Harding, {A. K.} and M. Hayashida and E. Hays and D. Horan and Hughes, {R. E.} and G. Iafrate and R. Itoh and Jackson, {M. S.} and G. J{\'o}hannesson and Johnson, {A. S.} and Johnson, {W. N.} and M. Kadler and T. Kamae and H. Katagiri and Jun Kataoka and N. Kawai and M. Kerr and J. Kn{\"o}dlseder and Kocian, {M. L.} and M. Kuss and J. Lande and S. Larsson and L. Latronico and M. Lemoine-Goumard and F. Longo and F. Loparco and B. Lott and Lovellette, {M. N.} and P. Lubrano and J. MacQuart and Madejski, {G. M.} and A. Makeev and W. Max-Moerbeck and Mazziotta, {M. N.} and W. McConville and McEnery, {J. E.} and S. McGlynn and C. Meurer and Michelson, {P. F.} and W. Mitthumsiri and T. Mizuno and Moiseev, {A. A.} and C. Monte and Monzani, {M. E.} and A. Morselli and Moskalenko, {I. V.} and S. Murgia and I. Nestoras and Nolan, {P. L.} and Norris, {J. P.} and E. Nuss and T. Ohsugi and A. Okumura and N. Omodei and E. Orlando and Ormes, {J. F.} and D. Paneque and Panetta, {J. H.} and D. Parent and V. Pavlidou and Pearson, {T. J.} and V. Pelassa and M. Pepe and M. Pesce-Rollins and F. Piron and Porter, {T. A.} and S. Rain{\`o} and R. Rando and M. Razzano and A. Readhead and A. Reimer and O. Reimer and T. Reposeur and Reyes, {L. C.} and Richards, {J. L.} and Rochester, {L. S.} and Rodriguez, {A. Y.} and M. Roth and F. Ryde and Sadrozinski, {H. F W} and D. Sanchez and A. Sander and {Saz Parkinson}, {P. M.} and Scargle, {J. D.} and C. Sgr{\`o} and Shaw, {M. S.} and C. Shrader and Siskind, {E. J.} and Smith, {D. A.} and Smith, {P. D.} and G. Spandre and P. Spinelli and L. Stawarz and M. Stevenson and Strickman, {M. S.} and Suson, {D. J.} and H. Tajima and H. Takahashi and T. Takahashi and T. Tanaka and Taylor, {G. B.} and Thayer, {J. B.} and Thayer, {J. G.} and Thompson, {D. J.} and L. Tibaldo and Torres, {D. F.} and G. Tosti and A. Tramacere and Y. Uchiyama and Usher, {T. L.} and V. Vasileiou and N. Vilchez and V. Vitale and Waite, {A. P.} and P. Wang and Wehrle, {A. E.} and Winer, {B. L.} and Wood, {K. S.} and T. Ylinen and Zensus, {J. A.} and M. Ziegler and M. Uemura and Y. Ikejiri and Kawabata, {K. S.} and M. Kino and K. Sakimoto and M. Sasada and S. Sato and M. Yamanaka and M. Villata and Raiteri, {C. M.} and I. Agudo and Aller, {H. D.} and Aller, {M. F.} and E. Angelakis and Arkharov, {A. A.} and U. Bach and E. Ben{\'y}́tez and A. Berdyugin and Blinov, {D. A.} and M. Boettcher and Buemi, {C. S.} and Chen, {W. P.} and M. Dolci and D. Dultzin and Efimova, {N. V.} and Gurwell, {M. A.} and C. Gusbar and G{\'o}mez, {J. L.} and J. Heidt and D. Hiriart and T. Hovatta and Jorstad, {S. G.} and Konstantinova, {T. S.} and Kopatskaya, {E. N.} and E. Koptelova and Kurtanidze, {O. M.} and A. Lahteenmaki and Larionov, {V. M.} and Larionova, {E. G.} and P. Leto and Lin, {H. C.} and E. Lindfors and Marscher, {A. P.} and McHardy, {I. M.} and Melnichuk, {D. A.} and M. Mommert and K. Nilsson and {Di Paola}, A. and R. Reinthal and Richter, {G. M.} and M. Roca-Sogorb and P. Roustazadeh and Sigua, {L. A.} and Takalo, {L. O.} and M. Tornikoski and C. Trigilio and Troitsky, {I. S.} and G. Umana and C. Villforth and K. Grainge and R. Moderski and K. Nalewajko and M. Sikora",
    year = "2010",
    month = "2",
    day = "18",
    doi = "10.1038/nature08841",
    language = "English",
    volume = "463",
    pages = "919--923",
    journal = "Nature",
    issn = "0028-0836",
    publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
    number = "7283",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - A change in the optical polarization associated with a γ-ray flare in the blazar 3C 279

    AU - Abdo, A. A.

    AU - Ackermann, M.

    AU - Ajello, M.

    AU - Axelsson, M.

    AU - Baldini, L.

    AU - Ballet, J.

    AU - Barbiellini, G.

    AU - Bastieri, D.

    AU - Baughmanl, B. M.

    AU - Bechtol, K.

    AU - Bellazzini, R.

    AU - Berenji, B.

    AU - Blandford, R. D.

    AU - Bloom, E. D.

    AU - Bock, D. C J

    AU - Bogart, J. R.

    AU - Bonamente, E.

    AU - Borgland, A. W.

    AU - Bouvier, A.

    AU - Bregeon, J.

    AU - Brez, A.

    AU - Brigida, M.

    AU - Bruel, P.

    AU - Burnett, T. H.

    AU - Buson, S.

    AU - Caliandro, G. A.

    AU - Cameron, R. A.

    AU - Caraveo, P. A.

    AU - Casandjian, J. M.

    AU - Cavazzuti, E.

    AU - Cecchi, C.

    AU - Çelik, Ö

    AU - Chekhtman, A.

    AU - Cheung, C. C.

    AU - Chiang, J.

    AU - Ciprini, S.

    AU - Claus, R.

    AU - Cohen-Tanugi, J.

    AU - Collmar, W.

    AU - Cominsky, L. R.

    AU - Conrad, J.

    AU - Corbel, S.

    AU - Corbet, R.

    AU - Costamante, L.

    AU - Cutini, S.

    AU - Dermer, C. D.

    AU - De Angelis, A.

    AU - De Palma, F.

    AU - Digel, S. W.

    AU - Do Couto E Silva, E.

    AU - Drell, P. S.

    AU - Dubois, R.

    AU - Dumora, D.

    AU - Farnier, C.

    AU - Favuzzi, C.

    AU - Fegan, S. J.

    AU - Ferrara, E. C.

    AU - Focke, W. B.

    AU - Fortin, P.

    AU - Frailis, M.

    AU - Fuhrmann, L.

    AU - Fukazawa, Y.

    AU - Funk, S.

    AU - Fusco, P.

    AU - Gargano, F.

    AU - Gasparrini, D.

    AU - Gehrels, N.

    AU - Germani, S.

    AU - Giebels, B.

    AU - Giglietto, N.

    AU - Giommi, P.

    AU - Giordano, F.

    AU - Giroletti, M.

    AU - Glanzman, T.

    AU - Godfrey, G.

    AU - Grenier, I. A.

    AU - Grove, J. E.

    AU - Guillemot, L.

    AU - Guiriec, S.

    AU - Hanabata, Y.

    AU - Harding, A. K.

    AU - Hayashida, M.

    AU - Hays, E.

    AU - Horan, D.

    AU - Hughes, R. E.

    AU - Iafrate, G.

    AU - Itoh, R.

    AU - Jackson, M. S.

    AU - Jóhannesson, G.

    AU - Johnson, A. S.

    AU - Johnson, W. N.

    AU - Kadler, M.

    AU - Kamae, T.

    AU - Katagiri, H.

    AU - Kataoka, Jun

    AU - Kawai, N.

    AU - Kerr, M.

    AU - Knödlseder, J.

    AU - Kocian, M. L.

    AU - Kuss, M.

    AU - Lande, J.

    AU - Larsson, S.

    AU - Latronico, L.

    AU - Lemoine-Goumard, M.

    AU - Longo, F.

    AU - Loparco, F.

    AU - Lott, B.

    AU - Lovellette, M. N.

    AU - Lubrano, P.

    AU - MacQuart, J.

    AU - Madejski, G. M.

    AU - Makeev, A.

    AU - Max-Moerbeck, W.

    AU - Mazziotta, M. N.

    AU - McConville, W.

    AU - McEnery, J. E.

    AU - McGlynn, S.

    AU - Meurer, C.

    AU - Michelson, P. F.

    AU - Mitthumsiri, W.

    AU - Mizuno, T.

    AU - Moiseev, A. A.

    AU - Monte, C.

    AU - Monzani, M. E.

    AU - Morselli, A.

    AU - Moskalenko, I. V.

    AU - Murgia, S.

    AU - Nestoras, I.

    AU - Nolan, P. L.

    AU - Norris, J. P.

    AU - Nuss, E.

    AU - Ohsugi, T.

    AU - Okumura, A.

    AU - Omodei, N.

    AU - Orlando, E.

    AU - Ormes, J. F.

    AU - Paneque, D.

    AU - Panetta, J. H.

    AU - Parent, D.

    AU - Pavlidou, V.

    AU - Pearson, T. J.

    AU - Pelassa, V.

    AU - Pepe, M.

    AU - Pesce-Rollins, M.

    AU - Piron, F.

    AU - Porter, T. A.

    AU - Rainò, S.

    AU - Rando, R.

    AU - Razzano, M.

    AU - Readhead, A.

    AU - Reimer, A.

    AU - Reimer, O.

    AU - Reposeur, T.

    AU - Reyes, L. C.

    AU - Richards, J. L.

    AU - Rochester, L. S.

    AU - Rodriguez, A. Y.

    AU - Roth, M.

    AU - Ryde, F.

    AU - Sadrozinski, H. F W

    AU - Sanchez, D.

    AU - Sander, A.

    AU - Saz Parkinson, P. M.

    AU - Scargle, J. D.

    AU - Sgrò, C.

    AU - Shaw, M. S.

    AU - Shrader, C.

    AU - Siskind, E. J.

    AU - Smith, D. A.

    AU - Smith, P. D.

    AU - Spandre, G.

    AU - Spinelli, P.

    AU - Stawarz, L.

    AU - Stevenson, M.

    AU - Strickman, M. S.

    AU - Suson, D. J.

    AU - Tajima, H.

    AU - Takahashi, H.

    AU - Takahashi, T.

    AU - Tanaka, T.

    AU - Taylor, G. B.

    AU - Thayer, J. B.

    AU - Thayer, J. G.

    AU - Thompson, D. J.

    AU - Tibaldo, L.

    AU - Torres, D. F.

    AU - Tosti, G.

    AU - Tramacere, A.

    AU - Uchiyama, Y.

    AU - Usher, T. L.

    AU - Vasileiou, V.

    AU - Vilchez, N.

    AU - Vitale, V.

    AU - Waite, A. P.

    AU - Wang, P.

    AU - Wehrle, A. E.

    AU - Winer, B. L.

    AU - Wood, K. S.

    AU - Ylinen, T.

    AU - Zensus, J. A.

    AU - Ziegler, M.

    AU - Uemura, M.

    AU - Ikejiri, Y.

    AU - Kawabata, K. S.

    AU - Kino, M.

    AU - Sakimoto, K.

    AU - Sasada, M.

    AU - Sato, S.

    AU - Yamanaka, M.

    AU - Villata, M.

    AU - Raiteri, C. M.

    AU - Agudo, I.

    AU - Aller, H. D.

    AU - Aller, M. F.

    AU - Angelakis, E.

    AU - Arkharov, A. A.

    AU - Bach, U.

    AU - Bený́tez, E.

    AU - Berdyugin, A.

    AU - Blinov, D. A.

    AU - Boettcher, M.

    AU - Buemi, C. S.

    AU - Chen, W. P.

    AU - Dolci, M.

    AU - Dultzin, D.

    AU - Efimova, N. V.

    AU - Gurwell, M. A.

    AU - Gusbar, C.

    AU - Gómez, J. L.

    AU - Heidt, J.

    AU - Hiriart, D.

    AU - Hovatta, T.

    AU - Jorstad, S. G.

    AU - Konstantinova, T. S.

    AU - Kopatskaya, E. N.

    AU - Koptelova, E.

    AU - Kurtanidze, O. M.

    AU - Lahteenmaki, A.

    AU - Larionov, V. M.

    AU - Larionova, E. G.

    AU - Leto, P.

    AU - Lin, H. C.

    AU - Lindfors, E.

    AU - Marscher, A. P.

    AU - McHardy, I. M.

    AU - Melnichuk, D. A.

    AU - Mommert, M.

    AU - Nilsson, K.

    AU - Di Paola, A.

    AU - Reinthal, R.

    AU - Richter, G. M.

    AU - Roca-Sogorb, M.

    AU - Roustazadeh, P.

    AU - Sigua, L. A.

    AU - Takalo, L. O.

    AU - Tornikoski, M.

    AU - Trigilio, C.

    AU - Troitsky, I. S.

    AU - Umana, G.

    AU - Villforth, C.

    AU - Grainge, K.

    AU - Moderski, R.

    AU - Nalewajko, K.

    AU - Sikora, M.

    PY - 2010/2/18

    Y1 - 2010/2/18

    N2 - It is widely accepted that strong and variable radiation detected over all accessible energy bands in a number of active galaxies arises from a relativistic, Doppler-boosted jet pointing close to our line of sight. The size of the emitting zone and the location of this region relative to the central supermassive black hole are, however, poorly known, with estimates ranging from light-hours to a light-year or more. Here we report the coincidence of a gamma (γ)-ray flare with a dramatic change of optical polarization angle. This provides evidence for co-spatiality of optical and γ-ray emission regions and indicates a highly ordered jet magnetic field. The results also require a non-axisymmetric structure of the emission zone, implying a curved trajectory for the emitting material within the jet, with the dissipation region located at a considerable distance from the black hole, at about 10 5 gravitational radii.

    AB - It is widely accepted that strong and variable radiation detected over all accessible energy bands in a number of active galaxies arises from a relativistic, Doppler-boosted jet pointing close to our line of sight. The size of the emitting zone and the location of this region relative to the central supermassive black hole are, however, poorly known, with estimates ranging from light-hours to a light-year or more. Here we report the coincidence of a gamma (γ)-ray flare with a dramatic change of optical polarization angle. This provides evidence for co-spatiality of optical and γ-ray emission regions and indicates a highly ordered jet magnetic field. The results also require a non-axisymmetric structure of the emission zone, implying a curved trajectory for the emitting material within the jet, with the dissipation region located at a considerable distance from the black hole, at about 10 5 gravitational radii.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77249132329&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77249132329&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1038/nature08841

    DO - 10.1038/nature08841

    M3 - Article

    C2 - 20164923

    AN - SCOPUS:77249132329

    VL - 463

    SP - 919

    EP - 923

    JO - Nature

    JF - Nature

    SN - 0028-0836

    IS - 7283

    ER -