A common property of melting point depression in inorganic salt hydrate melt systems

Yasuyuki Watanabe, Izumi Hirasawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Melt systems of sodium carbonate decahydrate (melting point Tm,0=304.5 K, latent heat of fusion ΔHf,0=153 kJ/kg, both measured) and of a salt hydrate eutectic E(P‒C) (Tm,0=298 K, ΔHf,0=213 kJ/kg, both also measured) consisting of 0.6 mol/mol sodium carbonate decahydrate and 0.4 mol/mol disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate are attracting attention as potential latent heat storage materials. Changes in the melting point Tm and the latent heat ΔHf were measured for the two melt systems with readily soluble additives. By using simplified empirical formulae, the abilities of melting point depression ame and latent heat reduction bme for each additive were quantified. The numerical values of these abilities were different for each additive, but their ratio bme/ame was almost the same regardless of the kind of additive, showing an eigenvalue of each melt system. In addition, a comparative study was performed of bme/ame values including those of the calcium chloride hexahydrate system (Watanabe, 2017) and the disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate system (Watanabe and Hirasawa, 2018b). It was found that, independent of the kind of melt system, the relative degree of melting point depression [1−(Tm/Tm,0)] and the relative degree of latent heat reduction [1−(ΔHf/ ΔHf,0)], respectively normalized by Tm,0 and ΔHf,0, showed an almost constant numerical relationship represented by the following expression. 1− (ΔHf/ ΔHf,0)= 21.4 [1 −(Tm / Tm,0)].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-99
Number of pages9
JournalKagaku Kogaku Ronbunshu
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Latent heat
Hydrates
Melting point
Salts
Carbonates
Phosphates
Sodium
Hydrogen
Calcium Chloride
Calcium chloride
Heat storage
Eutectics
Fusion reactions
sodium carbonate
sodium phosphate

Keywords

  • Additives
  • Empirical formula
  • Inorganic salt hydrate
  • Latent heat storage material
  • Melting point depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

A common property of melting point depression in inorganic salt hydrate melt systems. / Watanabe, Yasuyuki; Hirasawa, Izumi.

In: Kagaku Kogaku Ronbunshu, Vol. 45, No. 2, 01.01.2019, p. 91-99.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4b24bf34b45549bc92a77b5a4f536041,
title = "A common property of melting point depression in inorganic salt hydrate melt systems",
abstract = "Melt systems of sodium carbonate decahydrate (melting point Tm,0=304.5 K, latent heat of fusion ΔHf,0=153 kJ/kg, both measured) and of a salt hydrate eutectic E(P‒C) (Tm,0=298 K, ΔHf,0=213 kJ/kg, both also measured) consisting of 0.6 mol/mol sodium carbonate decahydrate and 0.4 mol/mol disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate are attracting attention as potential latent heat storage materials. Changes in the melting point Tm and the latent heat ΔHf were measured for the two melt systems with readily soluble additives. By using simplified empirical formulae, the abilities of melting point depression ame and latent heat reduction bme for each additive were quantified. The numerical values of these abilities were different for each additive, but their ratio bme/ame was almost the same regardless of the kind of additive, showing an eigenvalue of each melt system. In addition, a comparative study was performed of bme/ame values including those of the calcium chloride hexahydrate system (Watanabe, 2017) and the disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate system (Watanabe and Hirasawa, 2018b). It was found that, independent of the kind of melt system, the relative degree of melting point depression [1−(Tm/Tm,0)] and the relative degree of latent heat reduction [1−(ΔHf/ ΔHf,0)], respectively normalized by Tm,0 and ΔHf,0, showed an almost constant numerical relationship represented by the following expression. 1− (ΔHf/ ΔHf,0)= 21.4 [1 −(Tm / Tm,0)].",
keywords = "Additives, Empirical formula, Inorganic salt hydrate, Latent heat storage material, Melting point depression",
author = "Yasuyuki Watanabe and Izumi Hirasawa",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1252/kakoronbunshu.45.91",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "91--99",
journal = "Kagaku Kogaku Ronbunshu",
issn = "0386-216X",
publisher = "Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A common property of melting point depression in inorganic salt hydrate melt systems

AU - Watanabe, Yasuyuki

AU - Hirasawa, Izumi

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Melt systems of sodium carbonate decahydrate (melting point Tm,0=304.5 K, latent heat of fusion ΔHf,0=153 kJ/kg, both measured) and of a salt hydrate eutectic E(P‒C) (Tm,0=298 K, ΔHf,0=213 kJ/kg, both also measured) consisting of 0.6 mol/mol sodium carbonate decahydrate and 0.4 mol/mol disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate are attracting attention as potential latent heat storage materials. Changes in the melting point Tm and the latent heat ΔHf were measured for the two melt systems with readily soluble additives. By using simplified empirical formulae, the abilities of melting point depression ame and latent heat reduction bme for each additive were quantified. The numerical values of these abilities were different for each additive, but their ratio bme/ame was almost the same regardless of the kind of additive, showing an eigenvalue of each melt system. In addition, a comparative study was performed of bme/ame values including those of the calcium chloride hexahydrate system (Watanabe, 2017) and the disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate system (Watanabe and Hirasawa, 2018b). It was found that, independent of the kind of melt system, the relative degree of melting point depression [1−(Tm/Tm,0)] and the relative degree of latent heat reduction [1−(ΔHf/ ΔHf,0)], respectively normalized by Tm,0 and ΔHf,0, showed an almost constant numerical relationship represented by the following expression. 1− (ΔHf/ ΔHf,0)= 21.4 [1 −(Tm / Tm,0)].

AB - Melt systems of sodium carbonate decahydrate (melting point Tm,0=304.5 K, latent heat of fusion ΔHf,0=153 kJ/kg, both measured) and of a salt hydrate eutectic E(P‒C) (Tm,0=298 K, ΔHf,0=213 kJ/kg, both also measured) consisting of 0.6 mol/mol sodium carbonate decahydrate and 0.4 mol/mol disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate are attracting attention as potential latent heat storage materials. Changes in the melting point Tm and the latent heat ΔHf were measured for the two melt systems with readily soluble additives. By using simplified empirical formulae, the abilities of melting point depression ame and latent heat reduction bme for each additive were quantified. The numerical values of these abilities were different for each additive, but their ratio bme/ame was almost the same regardless of the kind of additive, showing an eigenvalue of each melt system. In addition, a comparative study was performed of bme/ame values including those of the calcium chloride hexahydrate system (Watanabe, 2017) and the disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate system (Watanabe and Hirasawa, 2018b). It was found that, independent of the kind of melt system, the relative degree of melting point depression [1−(Tm/Tm,0)] and the relative degree of latent heat reduction [1−(ΔHf/ ΔHf,0)], respectively normalized by Tm,0 and ΔHf,0, showed an almost constant numerical relationship represented by the following expression. 1− (ΔHf/ ΔHf,0)= 21.4 [1 −(Tm / Tm,0)].

KW - Additives

KW - Empirical formula

KW - Inorganic salt hydrate

KW - Latent heat storage material

KW - Melting point depression

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066451564&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85066451564&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1252/kakoronbunshu.45.91

DO - 10.1252/kakoronbunshu.45.91

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - 91

EP - 99

JO - Kagaku Kogaku Ronbunshu

JF - Kagaku Kogaku Ronbunshu

SN - 0386-216X

IS - 2

ER -