A comparison of the psychological effects of standard exercises with those of space exercises in autogenic training: From the perspective of passive concentration

Ikuyo Kondo, Fusako Koshikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The purpose of this study was to compare the psychological effects of the heaviness and the warmth Standard Exercises (SE) with those of the first Space Exercises (SP) in Autogenic Training (AT) on college students. This study was conducted by the repeated practice of two experimental groups (SE, SP) and one control group (CT). The participants in the experimental groups practiced once a week, for three weeks. All the participants were assessed with State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Trait Anxiety (STAI-T), Autogenic Training Clinical Effectiveness Scale (ATCES), and Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale. The results showed that the SE group showed more decreases in STAI-T and more increases in ATCES than the SP group, while the more neurotic, showed more increases in self-esteem in both the SE and SP groups. It is possible that non-clinical adults with high neuroticism might be able to enhance their STAI-T and ATCES in the SE group than in the SP group if their SE trainers respected their bodily abilities in readily responding to changes in sensations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-226
Number of pages8
JournalShinrigaku Kenkyu
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Aug



  • Autogenic training
  • Neuroticism
  • Passive concentration
  • Space Exercises
  • Standard exercises

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this