A direct observation of quark-gluon jet differences at LEP

G. Alexander, J. Allison, P. P. Allport, K. J. Anderson, S. Arcelli, J. C. Armitage, P. Ashton, A. Astbury, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, G. A. Bahan, J. T.M. Baines, A. H. Ball, J. Banks, G. J. Barker, R. J. Barlow, J. R. Batley, G. Beaudoin, A. Beck, J. BeckerT. Behnke, K. W. Bell, G. Bella, S. Bethke, O. Biebel, U. Binder, I. J. Bloodworth, P. Bock, H. M. Bosch, S. Bougerolle, B. B. Brabson, H. Breuker, R. M. Brown, R. Brun, A. Buijs, H. J. Burckhart, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, J. T.M. Chrin, P. E.L. Clarke, I. Cohen, W. J. Collins, J. E. Conboy, M. Cooper, M. Couch, M. Coupland, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, G. M. Dallavalle, S. De Jong, P. Debu, M. M. Deninno, A. Dieckmann, M. Dittmar, M. S. Dixit, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, D. J.P. Dumas, G. Eckerlin, P. A. Elcombe, P. G. Estabrooks, E. Etzion, F. Fabbri, M. Fincke-Keeler, H. M. Fischer, D. G. Fong, C. Fukunaga, A. Gaidot, O. Ganel, J. W. Gary, J. Gascon, R. F. McGowan, N. I. Geddes, C. Geich-Gimbel, S. W. Gensler, S. W. Gensler, F. X. Gentit, G. Giacomelli, V. Gibson, W. R. Gibson, J. D. Gillies, J. Goldberg, M. J. Goodrick, W. Gorn, C. Grandi, E. Gross, J. Hagemann, G. G. Hanson, M. Hansroul, C. K. Hargrove, P. F. Harrison, J. Hart, P. M. Hattersley, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, E. Heflin, R. J. Hemingway, R. D. Heuer, J. C. Hill, S. J. Hillier, D. A. Hinshaw, C. Ho, J. D. Hobbs, P. R. Hobson, D. Hochman, B. Holl, R. J. Homer, S. R. Hou, C. P. Howarth, R. E. Hughes-Jones, R. Humbert, P. Igo-Kemenes, H. Ihssen, D. C. Imrie, L. Janissen, A. Jawahery, P. W. Jeffreys, H. Jeremie, M. Jimack, M. Jobes, R. W.L. Jones, P. Jovanovic, D. Karlen, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, C. Kleinwort, D. E. Klem, T. Kobayashi, T. P. Kokott, S. Komamiya, L. Köpke, R. Kowalewski, H. Kreutzmann, J. von Krogh, J. Kroll, M. Kuwano, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, F. Lamarche, W. J. Larson, J. G. Layter, P. Le Du, P. Leblanc, A. M. Lee, M. H. Lehto, D. Lellouch, P. Lennert, C. Leroy, L. Lessard, S. Levegrün, L. Levinson, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, J. M. Lorah, B. Lorazo, M. J. Losty, X. C. Lou, J. Ludwig, M. Mannelli, S. Marcellini, G. Maringer, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, U. Maur, T. J. McMahon, J. R. McNutt, F. Meijers, D. Menszner, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, A. Michelini, R. P. Middleton, G. Mikenberg, J. Mildenberger, D. J. Miller, C. Milstene, R. Mir, W. Mohr, C. Moisan, A. Montanari, T. Mori, M. W. Moss, T. Mouthuy, P. G. Murphy, B. Nellen, H. H. Nguyen, M. Nozaki, S. W. O'Neale, B. P. O'Neill, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, M. Ogg, H. O. Ogren, H. Oh, C. J. Oram, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, J. P. Pansart, B. Panzer-Steindel, P. Paschievici, G. N. Patrick, S. J. Pawley, P. Pfister, J. E. Pilcher, J. L. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, P. Poffenberger, B. Poli, A. Pouladdej, E. Prebys, T. W. Pritchard, H. Przysiezniak, G. Quast, M. W. Redmond, D. L. Rees, K. Riles, S. A. Robins, D. Robinson, A. Rollnik, J. M. Roney, S. Rossberg, A. M. Rossi, P. Routenburg, K. Runge, O. Runolfsson, D. R. Rust, S. Sanghera, M. Sasaki, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, W. Schappert, P. Scharff-Hansen, P. Schenk, H. von der Schmitt, S. Schreiber, J. Schwarz, W. G. Scott, M. Settles, B. C. Shen, P. Sherwood, R. Shypit, A. Simon, G. P. Siroli, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, T. J. Smith, G. A. Snow, R. Sobie, R. W. Springer, M. Sproston, K. Stephens, H. E. Stier, D. Strom, H. Takeda, T. Takeshita, P. Taras, S. Tarem, P. Teixeira-Dias, N. J. Thackray, T. Tsukamoto, M. F. Turner, G. Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, D. Van den plas, R. Van Kooten, G. J. VanDalen, G. Vasseur, C. J. Virtue, A. Wagner, C. Wahl, J. P. Walker, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, M. Weber, S. Weisz, P. S. Wells, N. Wermes, M. Weymann, M. A. Whalley, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, I. Wingerter, V. H. Winterer, N. C. Wood, S. Wotton, T. R. Wyatt, R. Yaari, Y. Yang, G. Yekutieli, I. Zacharov, W. Zeuner, G. T. Zorn

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Abstract

Quark and gluon jets in e+e- three-jet events at LEP are identified using lepton tagging of quark jets, through observation of semi-leptonic charm and bottom quark decays. Events with a symmetry under transposition of the energies and directions of a quark and gluon jet are selected: these quark and gluon jets have essentially the same energy and event environment and as a consequence their properties can be compared directly. The energy of the jets which are studied is about 24.5 GeV. In the cores of the jets, gluon jets are found to yield a softer particle energy spectrum than quark jets. Gluon jets are observed to be broader than quark jets, as seen from the shape of their particle momentum spectra both in and out of the three-jet event plane. The greater width of gluon jets relative to quark jets is also visible from the shapes of their multiplicity distributions. Little difference is observed, however, between the mean value of particle multiplicity for the two jet types.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)462-474
Number of pages13
JournalPhysics Letters B
Volume265
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Aug 15

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Alexander, G., Allison, J., Allport, P. P., Anderson, K. J., Arcelli, S., Armitage, J. C., Ashton, P., Astbury, A., Axen, D., Azuelos, G., Bahan, G. A., Baines, J. T. M., Ball, A. H., Banks, J., Barker, G. J., Barlow, R. J., Batley, J. R., Beaudoin, G., Beck, A., ... Zorn, G. T. (1991). A direct observation of quark-gluon jet differences at LEP. Physics Letters B, 265(3-4), 462-474. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(91)90082-2