A direct observation of quark-gluon jet differences at LEP

G. Alexander, J. Allison, P. P. Allport, K. J. Anderson, S. Arcelli, J. C. Armitage, P. Ashton, A. Astbury, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, G. A. Bahan, J. T.M. Baines, A. H. Ball, J. Banks, G. J. Barker, R. J. Barlow, J. R. Batley, G. Beaudoin, A. Beck, J. BeckerT. Behnke, K. W. Bell, G. Bella, S. Bethke, O. Biebel, U. Binder, I. J. Bloodworth, P. Bock, H. M. Bosch, S. Bougerolle, B. B. Brabson, H. Breuker, R. M. Brown, R. Brun, A. Buijs, H. J. Burckhart, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, J. T.M. Chrin, P. E.L. Clarke, I. Cohen, W. J. Collins, J. E. Conboy, M. Cooper, M. Couch, M. Coupland, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, G. M. Dallavalle, S. De Jong, P. Debu, M. M. Deninno, A. Dieckmann, M. Dittmar, M. S. Dixit, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, D. J.P. Dumas, G. Eckerlin, P. A. Elcombe, P. G. Estabrooks, E. Etzion, F. Fabbri, M. Fincke-Keeler, H. M. Fischer, D. G. Fong, C. Fukunaga, A. Gaidot, O. Ganel, J. W. Gary, J. Gascon, R. F. McGowan, N. I. Geddes, C. Geich-Gimbel, S. W. Gensler, S. W. Gensler, F. X. Gentit, G. Giacomelli, V. Gibson, W. R. Gibson, J. D. Gillies, J. Goldberg, M. J. Goodrick, W. Gorn, C. Grandi, E. Gross, J. Hagemann, G. G. Hanson, M. Hansroul, C. K. Hargrove, P. F. Harrison, J. Hart, P. M. Hattersley, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, E. Heflin, R. J. Hemingway, R. D. Heuer, J. C. Hill, S. J. Hillier, D. A. Hinshaw, C. Ho, J. D. Hobbs, P. R. Hobson, D. Hochman, B. Holl, R. J. Homer, S. R. Hou, C. P. Howarth, R. E. Hughes-Jones, R. Humbert, P. Igo-Kemenes, H. Ihssen, D. C. Imrie, L. Janissen, A. Jawahery, P. W. Jeffreys, H. Jeremie, M. Jimack, M. Jobes, R. W.L. Jones, P. Jovanovic, D. Karlen, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, C. Kleinwort, D. E. Klem, T. Kobayashi, T. P. Kokott, Sachio Komamiya, L. Köpke, R. Kowalewski, H. Kreutzmann, J. von Krogh, J. Kroll, M. Kuwano, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, F. Lamarche, W. J. Larson, J. G. Layter, P. Le Du, P. Leblanc, A. M. Lee, M. H. Lehto, D. Lellouch, P. Lennert, C. Leroy, L. Lessard, S. Levegrün, L. Levinson, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, J. M. Lorah, B. Lorazo, M. J. Losty, X. C. Lou, J. Ludwig, M. Mannelli, S. Marcellini, G. Maringer, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, U. Maur, T. J. McMahon, J. R. McNutt, F. Meijers, D. Menszner, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, A. Michelini, R. P. Middleton, G. Mikenberg, J. Mildenberger, D. J. Miller, C. Milstene, R. Mir, W. Mohr, C. Moisan, A. Montanari, T. Mori, M. W. Moss, T. Mouthuy, P. G. Murphy, B. Nellen, H. H. Nguyen, M. Nozaki, S. W. O'Neale, B. P. O'Neill, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, M. Ogg, H. O. Ogren, H. Oh, C. J. Oram, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, J. P. Pansart, B. Panzer-Steindel, P. Paschievici, G. N. Patrick, S. J. Pawley, P. Pfister, J. E. Pilcher, J. L. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, P. Poffenberger, B. Poli, A. Pouladdej, E. Prebys, T. W. Pritchard, H. Przysiezniak, G. Quast, M. W. Redmond, D. L. Rees, K. Riles, S. A. Robins, D. Robinson, A. Rollnik, J. M. Roney, S. Rossberg, A. M. Rossi, P. Routenburg, K. Runge, O. Runolfsson, D. R. Rust, S. Sanghera, M. Sasaki, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, W. Schappert, P. Scharff-Hansen, P. Schenk, H. von der Schmitt, S. Schreiber, J. Schwarz, W. G. Scott, M. Settles, B. C. Shen, P. Sherwood, R. Shypit, A. Simon, G. P. Siroli, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, T. J. Smith, G. A. Snow, R. Sobie, R. W. Springer, M. Sproston, K. Stephens, H. E. Stier, D. Strom, H. Takeda, T. Takeshita, P. Taras, S. Tarem, P. Teixeira-Dias, N. J. Thackray, T. Tsukamoto, M. F. Turner, G. Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, D. Van den plas, R. Van Kooten, G. J. VanDalen, G. Vasseur, C. J. Virtue, A. Wagner, C. Wahl, J. P. Walker, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, M. Weber, S. Weisz, P. S. Wells, N. Wermes, M. Weymann, M. A. Whalley, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, I. Wingerter, V. H. Winterer, N. C. Wood, S. Wotton, T. R. Wyatt, R. Yaari, Y. Yang, G. Yekutieli, I. Zacharov, W. Zeuner, G. T. Zorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Quark and gluon jets in e+e- three-jet events at LEP are identified using lepton tagging of quark jets, through observation of semi-leptonic charm and bottom quark decays. Events with a symmetry under transposition of the energies and directions of a quark and gluon jet are selected: these quark and gluon jets have essentially the same energy and event environment and as a consequence their properties can be compared directly. The energy of the jets which are studied is about 24.5 GeV. In the cores of the jets, gluon jets are found to yield a softer particle energy spectrum than quark jets. Gluon jets are observed to be broader than quark jets, as seen from the shape of their particle momentum spectra both in and out of the three-jet event plane. The greater width of gluon jets relative to quark jets is also visible from the shapes of their multiplicity distributions. Little difference is observed, however, between the mean value of particle multiplicity for the two jet types.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)462-474
Number of pages13
JournalPhysics Letters B
Volume265
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Aug 15
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

quarks
particle energy
marking
energy
leptons
energy spectra
momentum
symmetry
decay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Alexander, G., Allison, J., Allport, P. P., Anderson, K. J., Arcelli, S., Armitage, J. C., ... Zorn, G. T. (1991). A direct observation of quark-gluon jet differences at LEP. Physics Letters B, 265(3-4), 462-474. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(91)90082-2

A direct observation of quark-gluon jet differences at LEP. / Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Allport, P. P.; Anderson, K. J.; Arcelli, S.; Armitage, J. C.; Ashton, P.; Astbury, A.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Bahan, G. A.; Baines, J. T.M.; Ball, A. H.; Banks, J.; Barker, G. J.; Barlow, R. J.; Batley, J. R.; Beaudoin, G.; Beck, A.; Becker, J.; Behnke, T.; Bell, K. W.; Bella, G.; Bethke, S.; Biebel, O.; Binder, U.; Bloodworth, I. J.; Bock, P.; Bosch, H. M.; Bougerolle, S.; Brabson, B. B.; Breuker, H.; Brown, R. M.; Brun, R.; Buijs, A.; Burckhart, H. J.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R. K.; Carter, A. A.; Carter, J. R.; Chang, C. Y.; Charlton, D. G.; Chrin, J. T.M.; Clarke, P. E.L.; Cohen, I.; Collins, W. J.; Conboy, J. E.; Cooper, M.; Couch, M.; Coupland, M.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallavalle, G. M.; De Jong, S.; Debu, P.; Deninno, M. M.; Dieckmann, A.; Dittmar, M.; Dixit, M. S.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I. P.; Dumas, D. J.P.; Eckerlin, G.; Elcombe, P. A.; Estabrooks, P. G.; Etzion, E.; Fabbri, F.; Fincke-Keeler, M.; Fischer, H. M.; Fong, D. G.; Fukunaga, C.; Gaidot, A.; Ganel, O.; Gary, J. W.; Gascon, J.; McGowan, R. F.; Geddes, N. I.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Gensler, S. W.; Gensler, S. W.; Gentit, F. X.; Giacomelli, G.; Gibson, V.; Gibson, W. R.; Gillies, J. D.; Goldberg, J.; Goodrick, M. J.; Gorn, W.; Grandi, C.; Gross, E.; Hagemann, J.; Hanson, G. G.; Hansroul, M.; Hargrove, C. K.; Harrison, P. F.; Hart, J.; Hattersley, P. M.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C. M.; Heflin, E.; Hemingway, R. J.; Heuer, R. D.; Hill, J. C.; Hillier, S. J.; Hinshaw, D. A.; Ho, C.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hobson, P. R.; Hochman, D.; Holl, B.; Homer, R. J.; Hou, S. R.; Howarth, C. P.; Hughes-Jones, R. E.; Humbert, R.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Ihssen, H.; Imrie, D. C.; Janissen, L.; Jawahery, A.; Jeffreys, P. W.; Jeremie, H.; Jimack, M.; Jobes, M.; Jones, R. W.L.; Jovanovic, P.; Karlen, D.; Kawagoe, K.; Kawamoto, T.; Keeler, R. K.; Kellogg, R. G.; Kennedy, B. W.; Kleinwort, C.; Klem, D. E.; Kobayashi, T.; Kokott, T. P.; Komamiya, Sachio; Köpke, L.; Kowalewski, R.; Kreutzmann, H.; von Krogh, J.; Kroll, J.; Kuwano, M.; Kyberd, P.; Lafferty, G. D.; Lamarche, F.; Larson, W. J.; Layter, J. G.; Le Du, P.; Leblanc, P.; Lee, A. M.; Lehto, M. H.; Lellouch, D.; Lennert, P.; Leroy, C.; Lessard, L.; Levegrün, S.; Levinson, L.; Lloyd, S. L.; Loebinger, F. K.; Lorah, J. M.; Lorazo, B.; Losty, M. J.; Lou, X. C.; Ludwig, J.; Mannelli, M.; Marcellini, S.; Maringer, G.; Martin, A. J.; Martin, J. P.; Mashimo, T.; Mättig, P.; Maur, U.; McMahon, T. J.; McNutt, J. R.; Meijers, F.; Menszner, D.; Merritt, F. S.; Mes, H.; Michelini, A.; Middleton, R. P.; Mikenberg, G.; Mildenberger, J.; Miller, D. J.; Milstene, C.; Mir, R.; Mohr, W.; Moisan, C.; Montanari, A.; Mori, T.; Moss, M. W.; Mouthuy, T.; Murphy, P. G.; Nellen, B.; Nguyen, H. H.; Nozaki, M.; O'Neale, S. W.; O'Neill, B. P.; Oakham, F. G.; Odorici, F.; Ogg, M.; Ogren, H. O.; Oh, H.; Oram, C. J.; Oreglia, M. J.; Orito, S.; Pansart, J. P.; Panzer-Steindel, B.; Paschievici, P.; Patrick, G. N.; Pawley, S. J.; Pfister, P.; Pilcher, J. E.; Pinfold, J. L.; Plane, D. E.; Poffenberger, P.; Poli, B.; Pouladdej, A.; Prebys, E.; Pritchard, T. W.; Przysiezniak, H.; Quast, G.; Redmond, M. W.; Rees, D. L.; Riles, K.; Robins, S. A.; Robinson, D.; Rollnik, A.; Roney, J. M.; Rossberg, S.; Rossi, A. M.; Routenburg, P.; Runge, K.; Runolfsson, O.; Rust, D. R.; Sanghera, S.; Sasaki, M.; Schaile, A. D.; Schaile, O.; Schappert, W.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schenk, P.; von der Schmitt, H.; Schreiber, S.; Schwarz, J.; Scott, W. G.; Settles, M.; Shen, B. C.; Sherwood, P.; Shypit, R.; Simon, A.; Siroli, G. P.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A. M.; Smith, T. J.; Snow, G. A.; Sobie, R.; Springer, R. W.; Sproston, M.; Stephens, K.; Stier, H. E.; Strom, D.; Takeda, H.; Takeshita, T.; Taras, P.; Tarem, S.; Teixeira-Dias, P.; Thackray, N. J.; Tsukamoto, T.; Turner, M. F.; Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G.; Van den plas, D.; Van Kooten, R.; VanDalen, G. J.; Vasseur, G.; Virtue, C. J.; Wagner, A.; Wahl, C.; Walker, J. P.; Ward, C. P.; Ward, D. R.; Watkins, P. M.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Weber, M.; Weisz, S.; Wells, P. S.; Wermes, N.; Weymann, M.; Whalley, M. A.; Wilson, G. W.; Wilson, J. A.; Wingerter, I.; Winterer, V. H.; Wood, N. C.; Wotton, S.; Wyatt, T. R.; Yaari, R.; Yang, Y.; Yekutieli, G.; Zacharov, I.; Zeuner, W.; Zorn, G. T.

In: Physics Letters B, Vol. 265, No. 3-4, 15.08.1991, p. 462-474.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alexander, G, Allison, J, Allport, PP, Anderson, KJ, Arcelli, S, Armitage, JC, Ashton, P, Astbury, A, Axen, D, Azuelos, G, Bahan, GA, Baines, JTM, Ball, AH, Banks, J, Barker, GJ, Barlow, RJ, Batley, JR, Beaudoin, G, Beck, A, Becker, J, Behnke, T, Bell, KW, Bella, G, Bethke, S, Biebel, O, Binder, U, Bloodworth, IJ, Bock, P, Bosch, HM, Bougerolle, S, Brabson, BB, Breuker, H, Brown, RM, Brun, R, Buijs, A, Burckhart, HJ, Capiluppi, P, Carnegie, RK, Carter, AA, Carter, JR, Chang, CY, Charlton, DG, Chrin, JTM, Clarke, PEL, Cohen, I, Collins, WJ, Conboy, JE, Cooper, M, Couch, M, Coupland, M, Cuffiani, M, Dado, S, Dallavalle, GM, De Jong, S, Debu, P, Deninno, MM, Dieckmann, A, Dittmar, M, Dixit, MS, Duchovni, E, Duckeck, G, Duerdoth, IP, Dumas, DJP, Eckerlin, G, Elcombe, PA, Estabrooks, PG, Etzion, E, Fabbri, F, Fincke-Keeler, M, Fischer, HM, Fong, DG, Fukunaga, C, Gaidot, A, Ganel, O, Gary, JW, Gascon, J, McGowan, RF, Geddes, NI, Geich-Gimbel, C, Gensler, SW, Gensler, SW, Gentit, FX, Giacomelli, G, Gibson, V, Gibson, WR, Gillies, JD, Goldberg, J, Goodrick, MJ, Gorn, W, Grandi, C, Gross, E, Hagemann, J, Hanson, GG, Hansroul, M, Hargrove, CK, Harrison, PF, Hart, J, Hattersley, PM, Hauschild, M, Hawkes, CM, Heflin, E, Hemingway, RJ, Heuer, RD, Hill, JC, Hillier, SJ, Hinshaw, DA, Ho, C, Hobbs, JD, Hobson, PR, Hochman, D, Holl, B, Homer, RJ, Hou, SR, Howarth, CP, Hughes-Jones, RE, Humbert, R, Igo-Kemenes, P, Ihssen, H, Imrie, DC, Janissen, L, Jawahery, A, Jeffreys, PW, Jeremie, H, Jimack, M, Jobes, M, Jones, RWL, Jovanovic, P, Karlen, D, Kawagoe, K, Kawamoto, T, Keeler, RK, Kellogg, RG, Kennedy, BW, Kleinwort, C, Klem, DE, Kobayashi, T, Kokott, TP, Komamiya, S, Köpke, L, Kowalewski, R, Kreutzmann, H, von Krogh, J, Kroll, J, Kuwano, M, Kyberd, P, Lafferty, GD, Lamarche, F, Larson, WJ, Layter, JG, Le Du, P, Leblanc, P, Lee, AM, Lehto, MH, Lellouch, D, Lennert, P, Leroy, C, Lessard, L, Levegrün, S, Levinson, L, Lloyd, SL, Loebinger, FK, Lorah, JM, Lorazo, B, Losty, MJ, Lou, XC, Ludwig, J, Mannelli, M, Marcellini, S, Maringer, G, Martin, AJ, Martin, JP, Mashimo, T, Mättig, P, Maur, U, McMahon, TJ, McNutt, JR, Meijers, F, Menszner, D, Merritt, FS, Mes, H, Michelini, A, Middleton, RP, Mikenberg, G, Mildenberger, J, Miller, DJ, Milstene, C, Mir, R, Mohr, W, Moisan, C, Montanari, A, Mori, T, Moss, MW, Mouthuy, T, Murphy, PG, Nellen, B, Nguyen, HH, Nozaki, M, O'Neale, SW, O'Neill, BP, Oakham, FG, Odorici, F, Ogg, M, Ogren, HO, Oh, H, Oram, CJ, Oreglia, MJ, Orito, S, Pansart, JP, Panzer-Steindel, B, Paschievici, P, Patrick, GN, Pawley, SJ, Pfister, P, Pilcher, JE, Pinfold, JL, Plane, DE, Poffenberger, P, Poli, B, Pouladdej, A, Prebys, E, Pritchard, TW, Przysiezniak, H, Quast, G, Redmond, MW, Rees, DL, Riles, K, Robins, SA, Robinson, D, Rollnik, A, Roney, JM, Rossberg, S, Rossi, AM, Routenburg, P, Runge, K, Runolfsson, O, Rust, DR, Sanghera, S, Sasaki, M, Schaile, AD, Schaile, O, Schappert, W, Scharff-Hansen, P, Schenk, P, von der Schmitt, H, Schreiber, S, Schwarz, J, Scott, WG, Settles, M, Shen, BC, Sherwood, P, Shypit, R, Simon, A, Siroli, GP, Skuja, A, Smith, AM, Smith, TJ, Snow, GA, Sobie, R, Springer, RW, Sproston, M, Stephens, K, Stier, HE, Strom, D, Takeda, H, Takeshita, T, Taras, P, Tarem, S, Teixeira-Dias, P, Thackray, NJ, Tsukamoto, T, Turner, MF, Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G, Van den plas, D, Van Kooten, R, VanDalen, GJ, Vasseur, G, Virtue, CJ, Wagner, A, Wahl, C, Walker, JP, Ward, CP, Ward, DR, Watkins, PM, Watson, AT, Watson, NK, Weber, M, Weisz, S, Wells, PS, Wermes, N, Weymann, M, Whalley, MA, Wilson, GW, Wilson, JA, Wingerter, I, Winterer, VH, Wood, NC, Wotton, S, Wyatt, TR, Yaari, R, Yang, Y, Yekutieli, G, Zacharov, I, Zeuner, W & Zorn, GT 1991, 'A direct observation of quark-gluon jet differences at LEP', Physics Letters B, vol. 265, no. 3-4, pp. 462-474. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(91)90082-2
Alexander G, Allison J, Allport PP, Anderson KJ, Arcelli S, Armitage JC et al. A direct observation of quark-gluon jet differences at LEP. Physics Letters B. 1991 Aug 15;265(3-4):462-474. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(91)90082-2
Alexander, G. ; Allison, J. ; Allport, P. P. ; Anderson, K. J. ; Arcelli, S. ; Armitage, J. C. ; Ashton, P. ; Astbury, A. ; Axen, D. ; Azuelos, G. ; Bahan, G. A. ; Baines, J. T.M. ; Ball, A. H. ; Banks, J. ; Barker, G. J. ; Barlow, R. J. ; Batley, J. R. ; Beaudoin, G. ; Beck, A. ; Becker, J. ; Behnke, T. ; Bell, K. W. ; Bella, G. ; Bethke, S. ; Biebel, O. ; Binder, U. ; Bloodworth, I. J. ; Bock, P. ; Bosch, H. M. ; Bougerolle, S. ; Brabson, B. B. ; Breuker, H. ; Brown, R. M. ; Brun, R. ; Buijs, A. ; Burckhart, H. J. ; Capiluppi, P. ; Carnegie, R. K. ; Carter, A. A. ; Carter, J. R. ; Chang, C. Y. ; Charlton, D. G. ; Chrin, J. T.M. ; Clarke, P. E.L. ; Cohen, I. ; Collins, W. J. ; Conboy, J. E. ; Cooper, M. ; Couch, M. ; Coupland, M. ; Cuffiani, M. ; Dado, S. ; Dallavalle, G. M. ; De Jong, S. ; Debu, P. ; Deninno, M. M. ; Dieckmann, A. ; Dittmar, M. ; Dixit, M. S. ; Duchovni, E. ; Duckeck, G. ; Duerdoth, I. P. ; Dumas, D. J.P. ; Eckerlin, G. ; Elcombe, P. A. ; Estabrooks, P. G. ; Etzion, E. ; Fabbri, F. ; Fincke-Keeler, M. ; Fischer, H. M. ; Fong, D. G. ; Fukunaga, C. ; Gaidot, A. ; Ganel, O. ; Gary, J. W. ; Gascon, J. ; McGowan, R. F. ; Geddes, N. I. ; Geich-Gimbel, C. ; Gensler, S. W. ; Gensler, S. W. ; Gentit, F. X. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Gibson, V. ; Gibson, W. R. ; Gillies, J. D. ; Goldberg, J. ; Goodrick, M. J. ; Gorn, W. ; Grandi, C. ; Gross, E. ; Hagemann, J. ; Hanson, G. G. ; Hansroul, M. ; Hargrove, C. K. ; Harrison, P. F. ; Hart, J. ; Hattersley, P. M. ; Hauschild, M. ; Hawkes, C. M. ; Heflin, E. ; Hemingway, R. J. ; Heuer, R. D. ; Hill, J. C. ; Hillier, S. J. ; Hinshaw, D. A. ; Ho, C. ; Hobbs, J. D. ; Hobson, P. R. ; Hochman, D. ; Holl, B. ; Homer, R. J. ; Hou, S. R. ; Howarth, C. P. ; Hughes-Jones, R. E. ; Humbert, R. ; Igo-Kemenes, P. ; Ihssen, H. ; Imrie, D. C. ; Janissen, L. ; Jawahery, A. ; Jeffreys, P. W. ; Jeremie, H. ; Jimack, M. ; Jobes, M. ; Jones, R. W.L. ; Jovanovic, P. ; Karlen, D. ; Kawagoe, K. ; Kawamoto, T. ; Keeler, R. K. ; Kellogg, R. G. ; Kennedy, B. W. ; Kleinwort, C. ; Klem, D. E. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Kokott, T. P. ; Komamiya, Sachio ; Köpke, L. ; Kowalewski, R. ; Kreutzmann, H. ; von Krogh, J. ; Kroll, J. ; Kuwano, M. ; Kyberd, P. ; Lafferty, G. D. ; Lamarche, F. ; Larson, W. J. ; Layter, J. G. ; Le Du, P. ; Leblanc, P. ; Lee, A. M. ; Lehto, M. H. ; Lellouch, D. ; Lennert, P. ; Leroy, C. ; Lessard, L. ; Levegrün, S. ; Levinson, L. ; Lloyd, S. L. ; Loebinger, F. K. ; Lorah, J. M. ; Lorazo, B. ; Losty, M. J. ; Lou, X. C. ; Ludwig, J. ; Mannelli, M. ; Marcellini, S. ; Maringer, G. ; Martin, A. J. ; Martin, J. P. ; Mashimo, T. ; Mättig, P. ; Maur, U. ; McMahon, T. J. ; McNutt, J. R. ; Meijers, F. ; Menszner, D. ; Merritt, F. S. ; Mes, H. ; Michelini, A. ; Middleton, R. P. ; Mikenberg, G. ; Mildenberger, J. ; Miller, D. J. ; Milstene, C. ; Mir, R. ; Mohr, W. ; Moisan, C. ; Montanari, A. ; Mori, T. ; Moss, M. W. ; Mouthuy, T. ; Murphy, P. G. ; Nellen, B. ; Nguyen, H. H. ; Nozaki, M. ; O'Neale, S. W. ; O'Neill, B. P. ; Oakham, F. G. ; Odorici, F. ; Ogg, M. ; Ogren, H. O. ; Oh, H. ; Oram, C. J. ; Oreglia, M. J. ; Orito, S. ; Pansart, J. P. ; Panzer-Steindel, B. ; Paschievici, P. ; Patrick, G. N. ; Pawley, S. J. ; Pfister, P. ; Pilcher, J. E. ; Pinfold, J. L. ; Plane, D. E. ; Poffenberger, P. ; Poli, B. ; Pouladdej, A. ; Prebys, E. ; Pritchard, T. W. ; Przysiezniak, H. ; Quast, G. ; Redmond, M. W. ; Rees, D. L. ; Riles, K. ; Robins, S. A. ; Robinson, D. ; Rollnik, A. ; Roney, J. M. ; Rossberg, S. ; Rossi, A. M. ; Routenburg, P. ; Runge, K. ; Runolfsson, O. ; Rust, D. R. ; Sanghera, S. ; Sasaki, M. ; Schaile, A. D. ; Schaile, O. ; Schappert, W. ; Scharff-Hansen, P. ; Schenk, P. ; von der Schmitt, H. ; Schreiber, S. ; Schwarz, J. ; Scott, W. G. ; Settles, M. ; Shen, B. C. ; Sherwood, P. ; Shypit, R. ; Simon, A. ; Siroli, G. P. ; Skuja, A. ; Smith, A. M. ; Smith, T. J. ; Snow, G. A. ; Sobie, R. ; Springer, R. W. ; Sproston, M. ; Stephens, K. ; Stier, H. E. ; Strom, D. ; Takeda, H. ; Takeshita, T. ; Taras, P. ; Tarem, S. ; Teixeira-Dias, P. ; Thackray, N. J. ; Tsukamoto, T. ; Turner, M. F. ; Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G. ; Van den plas, D. ; Van Kooten, R. ; VanDalen, G. J. ; Vasseur, G. ; Virtue, C. J. ; Wagner, A. ; Wahl, C. ; Walker, J. P. ; Ward, C. P. ; Ward, D. R. ; Watkins, P. M. ; Watson, A. T. ; Watson, N. K. ; Weber, M. ; Weisz, S. ; Wells, P. S. ; Wermes, N. ; Weymann, M. ; Whalley, M. A. ; Wilson, G. W. ; Wilson, J. A. ; Wingerter, I. ; Winterer, V. H. ; Wood, N. C. ; Wotton, S. ; Wyatt, T. R. ; Yaari, R. ; Yang, Y. ; Yekutieli, G. ; Zacharov, I. ; Zeuner, W. ; Zorn, G. T. / A direct observation of quark-gluon jet differences at LEP. In: Physics Letters B. 1991 ; Vol. 265, No. 3-4. pp. 462-474.
@article{966d8d8de0be4afe933f90aa30575f0a,
title = "A direct observation of quark-gluon jet differences at LEP",
abstract = "Quark and gluon jets in e+e- three-jet events at LEP are identified using lepton tagging of quark jets, through observation of semi-leptonic charm and bottom quark decays. Events with a symmetry under transposition of the energies and directions of a quark and gluon jet are selected: these quark and gluon jets have essentially the same energy and event environment and as a consequence their properties can be compared directly. The energy of the jets which are studied is about 24.5 GeV. In the cores of the jets, gluon jets are found to yield a softer particle energy spectrum than quark jets. Gluon jets are observed to be broader than quark jets, as seen from the shape of their particle momentum spectra both in and out of the three-jet event plane. The greater width of gluon jets relative to quark jets is also visible from the shapes of their multiplicity distributions. Little difference is observed, however, between the mean value of particle multiplicity for the two jet types.",
author = "G. Alexander and J. Allison and Allport, {P. P.} and Anderson, {K. J.} and S. Arcelli and Armitage, {J. C.} and P. Ashton and A. Astbury and D. Axen and G. Azuelos and Bahan, {G. A.} and Baines, {J. T.M.} and Ball, {A. H.} and J. Banks and Barker, {G. J.} and Barlow, {R. J.} and Batley, {J. R.} and G. Beaudoin and A. Beck and J. Becker and T. Behnke and Bell, {K. W.} and G. Bella and S. Bethke and O. Biebel and U. Binder and Bloodworth, {I. J.} and P. Bock and Bosch, {H. M.} and S. Bougerolle and Brabson, {B. B.} and H. Breuker and Brown, {R. M.} and R. Brun and A. Buijs and Burckhart, {H. J.} and P. Capiluppi and Carnegie, {R. K.} and Carter, {A. A.} and Carter, {J. R.} and Chang, {C. Y.} and Charlton, {D. G.} and Chrin, {J. T.M.} and Clarke, {P. E.L.} and I. Cohen and Collins, {W. J.} and Conboy, {J. E.} and M. Cooper and M. Couch and M. Coupland and M. Cuffiani and S. Dado and Dallavalle, {G. M.} and {De Jong}, S. and P. Debu and Deninno, {M. M.} and A. Dieckmann and M. Dittmar and Dixit, {M. S.} and E. Duchovni and G. Duckeck and Duerdoth, {I. P.} and Dumas, {D. J.P.} and G. Eckerlin and Elcombe, {P. A.} and Estabrooks, {P. G.} and E. Etzion and F. Fabbri and M. Fincke-Keeler and Fischer, {H. M.} and Fong, {D. G.} and C. Fukunaga and A. Gaidot and O. Ganel and Gary, {J. W.} and J. Gascon and McGowan, {R. F.} and Geddes, {N. I.} and C. Geich-Gimbel and Gensler, {S. W.} and Gensler, {S. W.} and Gentit, {F. X.} and G. Giacomelli and V. Gibson and Gibson, {W. R.} and Gillies, {J. D.} and J. Goldberg and Goodrick, {M. J.} and W. Gorn and C. Grandi and E. Gross and J. Hagemann and Hanson, {G. G.} and M. Hansroul and Hargrove, {C. K.} and Harrison, {P. F.} and J. Hart and Hattersley, {P. M.} and M. Hauschild and Hawkes, {C. M.} and E. Heflin and Hemingway, {R. J.} and Heuer, {R. D.} and Hill, {J. C.} and Hillier, {S. J.} and Hinshaw, {D. A.} and C. Ho and Hobbs, {J. D.} and Hobson, {P. R.} and D. Hochman and B. Holl and Homer, {R. J.} and Hou, {S. R.} and Howarth, {C. P.} and Hughes-Jones, {R. E.} and R. Humbert and P. Igo-Kemenes and H. Ihssen and Imrie, {D. C.} and L. Janissen and A. Jawahery and Jeffreys, {P. W.} and H. Jeremie and M. Jimack and M. Jobes and Jones, {R. W.L.} and P. Jovanovic and D. Karlen and K. Kawagoe and T. Kawamoto and Keeler, {R. K.} and Kellogg, {R. G.} and Kennedy, {B. W.} and C. Kleinwort and Klem, {D. E.} and T. Kobayashi and Kokott, {T. P.} and Sachio Komamiya and L. K{\"o}pke and R. Kowalewski and H. Kreutzmann and {von Krogh}, J. and J. Kroll and M. Kuwano and P. Kyberd and Lafferty, {G. D.} and F. Lamarche and Larson, {W. J.} and Layter, {J. G.} and {Le Du}, P. and P. Leblanc and Lee, {A. M.} and Lehto, {M. H.} and D. Lellouch and P. Lennert and C. Leroy and L. Lessard and S. Levegr{\"u}n and L. Levinson and Lloyd, {S. L.} and Loebinger, {F. K.} and Lorah, {J. M.} and B. Lorazo and Losty, {M. J.} and Lou, {X. C.} and J. Ludwig and M. Mannelli and S. Marcellini and G. Maringer and Martin, {A. J.} and Martin, {J. P.} and T. Mashimo and P. M{\"a}ttig and U. Maur and McMahon, {T. J.} and McNutt, {J. R.} and F. Meijers and D. Menszner and Merritt, {F. S.} and H. Mes and A. Michelini and Middleton, {R. P.} and G. Mikenberg and J. Mildenberger and Miller, {D. J.} and C. Milstene and R. Mir and W. Mohr and C. Moisan and A. Montanari and T. Mori and Moss, {M. W.} and T. Mouthuy and Murphy, {P. G.} and B. Nellen and Nguyen, {H. H.} and M. Nozaki and O'Neale, {S. W.} and O'Neill, {B. P.} and Oakham, {F. G.} and F. Odorici and M. Ogg and Ogren, {H. O.} and H. Oh and Oram, {C. J.} and Oreglia, {M. J.} and S. Orito and Pansart, {J. P.} and B. Panzer-Steindel and P. Paschievici and Patrick, {G. N.} and Pawley, {S. J.} and P. Pfister and Pilcher, {J. E.} and Pinfold, {J. L.} and Plane, {D. E.} and P. Poffenberger and B. Poli and A. Pouladdej and E. Prebys and Pritchard, {T. W.} and H. Przysiezniak and G. Quast and Redmond, {M. W.} and Rees, {D. L.} and K. Riles and Robins, {S. A.} and D. Robinson and A. Rollnik and Roney, {J. M.} and S. Rossberg and Rossi, {A. M.} and P. Routenburg and K. Runge and O. Runolfsson and Rust, {D. R.} and S. Sanghera and M. Sasaki and Schaile, {A. D.} and O. Schaile and W. Schappert and P. Scharff-Hansen and P. Schenk and {von der Schmitt}, H. and S. Schreiber and J. Schwarz and Scott, {W. G.} and M. Settles and Shen, {B. C.} and P. Sherwood and R. Shypit and A. Simon and Siroli, {G. P.} and A. Skuja and Smith, {A. M.} and Smith, {T. J.} and Snow, {G. A.} and R. Sobie and Springer, {R. W.} and M. Sproston and K. Stephens and Stier, {H. E.} and D. Strom and H. Takeda and T. Takeshita and P. Taras and S. Tarem and P. Teixeira-Dias and Thackray, {N. J.} and T. Tsukamoto and Turner, {M. F.} and G. Tysarczyk-Niemeyer and {Van den plas}, D. and {Van Kooten}, R. and VanDalen, {G. J.} and G. Vasseur and Virtue, {C. J.} and A. Wagner and C. Wahl and Walker, {J. P.} and Ward, {C. P.} and Ward, {D. R.} and Watkins, {P. M.} and Watson, {A. T.} and Watson, {N. K.} and M. Weber and S. Weisz and Wells, {P. S.} and N. Wermes and M. Weymann and Whalley, {M. A.} and Wilson, {G. W.} and Wilson, {J. A.} and I. Wingerter and Winterer, {V. H.} and Wood, {N. C.} and S. Wotton and Wyatt, {T. R.} and R. Yaari and Y. Yang and G. Yekutieli and I. Zacharov and W. Zeuner and Zorn, {G. T.}",
year = "1991",
month = "8",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/0370-2693(91)90082-2",
language = "English",
volume = "265",
pages = "462--474",
journal = "Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics",
issn = "0370-2693",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A direct observation of quark-gluon jet differences at LEP

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Allison, J.

AU - Allport, P. P.

AU - Anderson, K. J.

AU - Arcelli, S.

AU - Armitage, J. C.

AU - Ashton, P.

AU - Astbury, A.

AU - Axen, D.

AU - Azuelos, G.

AU - Bahan, G. A.

AU - Baines, J. T.M.

AU - Ball, A. H.

AU - Banks, J.

AU - Barker, G. J.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

AU - Batley, J. R.

AU - Beaudoin, G.

AU - Beck, A.

AU - Becker, J.

AU - Behnke, T.

AU - Bell, K. W.

AU - Bella, G.

AU - Bethke, S.

AU - Biebel, O.

AU - Binder, U.

AU - Bloodworth, I. J.

AU - Bock, P.

AU - Bosch, H. M.

AU - Bougerolle, S.

AU - Brabson, B. B.

AU - Breuker, H.

AU - Brown, R. M.

AU - Brun, R.

AU - Buijs, A.

AU - Burckhart, H. J.

AU - Capiluppi, P.

AU - Carnegie, R. K.

AU - Carter, A. A.

AU - Carter, J. R.

AU - Chang, C. Y.

AU - Charlton, D. G.

AU - Chrin, J. T.M.

AU - Clarke, P. E.L.

AU - Cohen, I.

AU - Collins, W. J.

AU - Conboy, J. E.

AU - Cooper, M.

AU - Couch, M.

AU - Coupland, M.

AU - Cuffiani, M.

AU - Dado, S.

AU - Dallavalle, G. M.

AU - De Jong, S.

AU - Debu, P.

AU - Deninno, M. M.

AU - Dieckmann, A.

AU - Dittmar, M.

AU - Dixit, M. S.

AU - Duchovni, E.

AU - Duckeck, G.

AU - Duerdoth, I. P.

AU - Dumas, D. J.P.

AU - Eckerlin, G.

AU - Elcombe, P. A.

AU - Estabrooks, P. G.

AU - Etzion, E.

AU - Fabbri, F.

AU - Fincke-Keeler, M.

AU - Fischer, H. M.

AU - Fong, D. G.

AU - Fukunaga, C.

AU - Gaidot, A.

AU - Ganel, O.

AU - Gary, J. W.

AU - Gascon, J.

AU - McGowan, R. F.

AU - Geddes, N. I.

AU - Geich-Gimbel, C.

AU - Gensler, S. W.

AU - Gensler, S. W.

AU - Gentit, F. X.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Gibson, V.

AU - Gibson, W. R.

AU - Gillies, J. D.

AU - Goldberg, J.

AU - Goodrick, M. J.

AU - Gorn, W.

AU - Grandi, C.

AU - Gross, E.

AU - Hagemann, J.

AU - Hanson, G. G.

AU - Hansroul, M.

AU - Hargrove, C. K.

AU - Harrison, P. F.

AU - Hart, J.

AU - Hattersley, P. M.

AU - Hauschild, M.

AU - Hawkes, C. M.

AU - Heflin, E.

AU - Hemingway, R. J.

AU - Heuer, R. D.

AU - Hill, J. C.

AU - Hillier, S. J.

AU - Hinshaw, D. A.

AU - Ho, C.

AU - Hobbs, J. D.

AU - Hobson, P. R.

AU - Hochman, D.

AU - Holl, B.

AU - Homer, R. J.

AU - Hou, S. R.

AU - Howarth, C. P.

AU - Hughes-Jones, R. E.

AU - Humbert, R.

AU - Igo-Kemenes, P.

AU - Ihssen, H.

AU - Imrie, D. C.

AU - Janissen, L.

AU - Jawahery, A.

AU - Jeffreys, P. W.

AU - Jeremie, H.

AU - Jimack, M.

AU - Jobes, M.

AU - Jones, R. W.L.

AU - Jovanovic, P.

AU - Karlen, D.

AU - Kawagoe, K.

AU - Kawamoto, T.

AU - Keeler, R. K.

AU - Kellogg, R. G.

AU - Kennedy, B. W.

AU - Kleinwort, C.

AU - Klem, D. E.

AU - Kobayashi, T.

AU - Kokott, T. P.

AU - Komamiya, Sachio

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kowalewski, R.

AU - Kreutzmann, H.

AU - von Krogh, J.

AU - Kroll, J.

AU - Kuwano, M.

AU - Kyberd, P.

AU - Lafferty, G. D.

AU - Lamarche, F.

AU - Larson, W. J.

AU - Layter, J. G.

AU - Le Du, P.

AU - Leblanc, P.

AU - Lee, A. M.

AU - Lehto, M. H.

AU - Lellouch, D.

AU - Lennert, P.

AU - Leroy, C.

AU - Lessard, L.

AU - Levegrün, S.

AU - Levinson, L.

AU - Lloyd, S. L.

AU - Loebinger, F. K.

AU - Lorah, J. M.

AU - Lorazo, B.

AU - Losty, M. J.

AU - Lou, X. C.

AU - Ludwig, J.

AU - Mannelli, M.

AU - Marcellini, S.

AU - Maringer, G.

AU - Martin, A. J.

AU - Martin, J. P.

AU - Mashimo, T.

AU - Mättig, P.

AU - Maur, U.

AU - McMahon, T. J.

AU - McNutt, J. R.

AU - Meijers, F.

AU - Menszner, D.

AU - Merritt, F. S.

AU - Mes, H.

AU - Michelini, A.

AU - Middleton, R. P.

AU - Mikenberg, G.

AU - Mildenberger, J.

AU - Miller, D. J.

AU - Milstene, C.

AU - Mir, R.

AU - Mohr, W.

AU - Moisan, C.

AU - Montanari, A.

AU - Mori, T.

AU - Moss, M. W.

AU - Mouthuy, T.

AU - Murphy, P. G.

AU - Nellen, B.

AU - Nguyen, H. H.

AU - Nozaki, M.

AU - O'Neale, S. W.

AU - O'Neill, B. P.

AU - Oakham, F. G.

AU - Odorici, F.

AU - Ogg, M.

AU - Ogren, H. O.

AU - Oh, H.

AU - Oram, C. J.

AU - Oreglia, M. J.

AU - Orito, S.

AU - Pansart, J. P.

AU - Panzer-Steindel, B.

AU - Paschievici, P.

AU - Patrick, G. N.

AU - Pawley, S. J.

AU - Pfister, P.

AU - Pilcher, J. E.

AU - Pinfold, J. L.

AU - Plane, D. E.

AU - Poffenberger, P.

AU - Poli, B.

AU - Pouladdej, A.

AU - Prebys, E.

AU - Pritchard, T. W.

AU - Przysiezniak, H.

AU - Quast, G.

AU - Redmond, M. W.

AU - Rees, D. L.

AU - Riles, K.

AU - Robins, S. A.

AU - Robinson, D.

AU - Rollnik, A.

AU - Roney, J. M.

AU - Rossberg, S.

AU - Rossi, A. M.

AU - Routenburg, P.

AU - Runge, K.

AU - Runolfsson, O.

AU - Rust, D. R.

AU - Sanghera, S.

AU - Sasaki, M.

AU - Schaile, A. D.

AU - Schaile, O.

AU - Schappert, W.

AU - Scharff-Hansen, P.

AU - Schenk, P.

AU - von der Schmitt, H.

AU - Schreiber, S.

AU - Schwarz, J.

AU - Scott, W. G.

AU - Settles, M.

AU - Shen, B. C.

AU - Sherwood, P.

AU - Shypit, R.

AU - Simon, A.

AU - Siroli, G. P.

AU - Skuja, A.

AU - Smith, A. M.

AU - Smith, T. J.

AU - Snow, G. A.

AU - Sobie, R.

AU - Springer, R. W.

AU - Sproston, M.

AU - Stephens, K.

AU - Stier, H. E.

AU - Strom, D.

AU - Takeda, H.

AU - Takeshita, T.

AU - Taras, P.

AU - Tarem, S.

AU - Teixeira-Dias, P.

AU - Thackray, N. J.

AU - Tsukamoto, T.

AU - Turner, M. F.

AU - Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G.

AU - Van den plas, D.

AU - Van Kooten, R.

AU - VanDalen, G. J.

AU - Vasseur, G.

AU - Virtue, C. J.

AU - Wagner, A.

AU - Wahl, C.

AU - Walker, J. P.

AU - Ward, C. P.

AU - Ward, D. R.

AU - Watkins, P. M.

AU - Watson, A. T.

AU - Watson, N. K.

AU - Weber, M.

AU - Weisz, S.

AU - Wells, P. S.

AU - Wermes, N.

AU - Weymann, M.

AU - Whalley, M. A.

AU - Wilson, G. W.

AU - Wilson, J. A.

AU - Wingerter, I.

AU - Winterer, V. H.

AU - Wood, N. C.

AU - Wotton, S.

AU - Wyatt, T. R.

AU - Yaari, R.

AU - Yang, Y.

AU - Yekutieli, G.

AU - Zacharov, I.

AU - Zeuner, W.

AU - Zorn, G. T.

PY - 1991/8/15

Y1 - 1991/8/15

N2 - Quark and gluon jets in e+e- three-jet events at LEP are identified using lepton tagging of quark jets, through observation of semi-leptonic charm and bottom quark decays. Events with a symmetry under transposition of the energies and directions of a quark and gluon jet are selected: these quark and gluon jets have essentially the same energy and event environment and as a consequence their properties can be compared directly. The energy of the jets which are studied is about 24.5 GeV. In the cores of the jets, gluon jets are found to yield a softer particle energy spectrum than quark jets. Gluon jets are observed to be broader than quark jets, as seen from the shape of their particle momentum spectra both in and out of the three-jet event plane. The greater width of gluon jets relative to quark jets is also visible from the shapes of their multiplicity distributions. Little difference is observed, however, between the mean value of particle multiplicity for the two jet types.

AB - Quark and gluon jets in e+e- three-jet events at LEP are identified using lepton tagging of quark jets, through observation of semi-leptonic charm and bottom quark decays. Events with a symmetry under transposition of the energies and directions of a quark and gluon jet are selected: these quark and gluon jets have essentially the same energy and event environment and as a consequence their properties can be compared directly. The energy of the jets which are studied is about 24.5 GeV. In the cores of the jets, gluon jets are found to yield a softer particle energy spectrum than quark jets. Gluon jets are observed to be broader than quark jets, as seen from the shape of their particle momentum spectra both in and out of the three-jet event plane. The greater width of gluon jets relative to quark jets is also visible from the shapes of their multiplicity distributions. Little difference is observed, however, between the mean value of particle multiplicity for the two jet types.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0000252637&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0000252637&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0370-2693(91)90082-2

DO - 10.1016/0370-2693(91)90082-2

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0000252637

VL - 265

SP - 462

EP - 474

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

IS - 3-4

ER -