A facile one-pot synthesis of TiO2/nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite as anode materials for high-rate lithium-ion batteries

Jie Wang, Laifa Shen, Hongsen Li, Xiaoyan Wang, Ping Nie, Bing Ding, Guiyin Xu, Hui Dou, Xiaogang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

TiO2/nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite (TiO2/N-RGO) is prepared via a facile one-pot hydrothermal method, in which ethylene glycol and ammonia are used as the reducing agent and nitrogen precursor, respectively. The reducing and nitrating process was accompanied by the generation of TiO2 nanoparticles. Various state-of-the-art techniques, including field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, thermogravimetric (TG) analysis and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) are performed to characterize the morphologies, structures and compositions. The introduced nitrogen atoms into graphene skeleton could enhance nucleation and growth kinetics and thus resulted in the nano-sized TiO2 uniformly anchoring on the N-RGO surface. Electrochemical tests show that the TiO2/N-RGO nanocomposite exhibits superior rate capability and outstanding capacity retention. The reversible capacity of the TiO2/N-RGO electrode is up to 126.8 mAh g-1 at 10 C and still remains at 118.4 mAh g-1 after 100 cycles. The excellent electrochemical performances can be attributed to electronic structure modification of graphene, which promoting intrinsic electron transfer between the host substrate and electroactive materials. Moreover, the high contact area between the electrolyte/electrode facilitates the transportation of electrolyte ion into the inner region of the electrode. Therefore, the TiO2/N-RGO nanocomposite can be a promising candidate anode material for high-rate lithium ion batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-216
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume133
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Lithium ion batteries
  • Nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide
  • One-pot hydrothermal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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