As society becomes ever more dependent on electronics, interest in the patterns of lightning hazards in low-voltage distribution lines including residences is growing. However, there have been few studies on low-voltage distribution lines and many things remain unknown about the propagation patterns of lightning surges in the field, particularly the intrusion of lightning surges into residences. The Tokyo Electric Power Company has conducted field research of phenomena accompanying lightning flashes to actual distribution systems using lightning-activated cameras as well as lightning surge waveform detectors, obtaining invaluable 101 datasets of lightning flashes between 2002 and 2007. This paper analyzes typical observation examples and estimates the lightning surge propagation routes in low-voltage distribution lines. In some examples, it is inferred that a lightning current flowed in the reverse direction from the residence to the low-voltage distribution line caused by ground potential rise due to the nearby lightning to the ground. These results will be useful for clarifying lightning surge propagation patterns in low-voltage distribution lines.
- Direct lightning stroke
- distribution line
- field observation
- lightning protection design
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering