A Global Message Network Employing Low Earth-Orbiting Satellites

Jaidev Kaniyil, Jun Takei, Shigeru Shimamoto, Yoshikuni Onozato, Tomonori Usui, Ikuo Oka, Tsutomu Kawabata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


A global message communication network for low density traffic, employing satellites at low altitudes, is the subject of this paper. This network affords round the clock service to any part of the globe, including the polar regions. Such a network can accommodate static and mobile user terminals simultaneously. The oblate globe is modeled as a regular polyhedron with 12 facets for setting up the orbits. Satellites are positioned uniformly in low-altitude symmetrical orbits. The symmetrical orbits are those whose axes are symmetrical in the three-dimensional space. We study the coverage aspects of the 6-orbit scheme and the 10-orbit scheme, each with satellites deployed at an altitude of 5000 km. At this altitude, the terrestrial user terminals can access satellites at a grazing angle of 45°. The method of access over the cross-links is considered to be the slotted ALOHA scheme. For low density traffic, the downlink and up link throughput rates are estimated. Simulation results agree with these analytical estimates for low values of network offered load.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)418-427
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Feb
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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