A human energy balance model with clothing effects for estimating human thrmal comfort

Atsumasa Yoshida*, Yasuhiro Shimazaki, Shinichi Kinoshita, Ryota Suzuki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

There is an increased world attention on environmental issues with the global trend of environmental degradation. Especially thermal environment was highly concerned as human safety. We have been focused on creation of amenity environment with energy-saving way. This study is uncommonly dealing with human feeling for human thermal comfort, that is to say quantification of environment has been done. The feeling of comfort is mixed sense and can be totally easier to improve compared with straightforward way, and this may lead to energy and cost saving way of improvement. Moreover, this is human-oriented and can reflect humans' wishes. Since thermal comfort index is useful tool for understanding the present state and evaluating the impact of countermeasures, effectiveness of human thermal load which is thermal comfort index based on energy balance of human body was examined. The human thermal comfort around the human body in outdoor is influenced by six dominant factors; air temperature, humidity, solar radiation, wind speed, metabolism and clothing. The difference between indoor and outdoor is expressed mainly as non-uniform and unsteady. Therefore, the unsteady responses of each dominant factors were examined and clarified human thermal load is quite good estimation of human thermal comfort. In steady state and even in unsteady state, thermal comfort can be obtained by using human thermal load on the whole. The reason is human thermal load consider the amount of physiology and also weather parameters. In the process of creating energy balance model of human, clothing material was deeply considered. For establishing better thermal environment, clothing material is of great use, because clothing material has an impact on thermal exchange between exterior environment and human body and more easy way to improve in 6 factors. The traditional treatment of clothing in human science was only resistance of heat transfer and this was not enough for all clothing effects. In daily life, effect of humidity exists and moisture property is required. Moreover color of material has impact on energy balance in clothing material. In order to show a way of better thermal environment, the heat and the moisture transfer coefficients on clothing material, radiative properties, and additional properties such as convection heat transfer coefficient were measured, and energy flow of clothing material was totally investigated. Finally, the effects of clothing material for human thermal comfort were predicted and this energy balance human model has become much better model.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14
Pages1-7
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes
Event2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14 - Washington, DC, United States
Duration: 2010 Aug 82010 Aug 13

Publication series

Name2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14
Volume1

Conference

Conference2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityWashington, DC
Period10/8/810/8/13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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