A network-based classification framework for predicting treatment response of schizophrenia patients

Farnaz Zamani Esfahlani, Katherine Visser, Gregory P. Strauss, Hiroki Sayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Knowledge-based systems including expert systems are one of the core components of clinical decision support systems. Nonetheless, modeling the uncertainty in medical knowledge is one of the main challenges of developing and employing such systems. Among various disorders, mental disorders are especially difficult to model because of their interconnected symptoms that give rise to complex outcomes such as resistance to different treatments. Here, we propose a network-based classification framework to distinguish treatment resistant schizophrenia patients from treatment responsive ones. Within this network-based framework, different antipsychotic medications are considered as external agents that change different properties of a symptoms interaction network where each node of the network represents one symptom. The overall goal of this study is to identify the symptoms that play a major role in responsiveness of the patients to antipsychotic medications. The proposed framework was tested using Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE) dataset and compared with three other commonly used feature selection methods: reliefF, Support Vector Machine (SVM) weights, and information gain. According to the results, features selected based on information gain and network analysis provided better classification performance, while the latter also considered the interactions of symptoms and is more interpretable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-161
Number of pages10
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Volume109
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Classification
  • Feature selection
  • Network analysis
  • Schizophrenia
  • Treatment resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence

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