A new equation of state based on nuclear statistical equilibrium for core-collapse simulations

Shun Furusawa, Shoichi Yamada, Kohsuke Sumiyoshi, Hideyuki Suzuki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We calculate a new equation of state for baryons at sub-nuclear densities for the use in core-collapse simulations of massive stars. The formulation is the nuclear statistical equilibrium description and the liquid drop approximation of nuclei. The model free energy to minimize is calculated by relativistic mean field theory for nucleons and the mass formula for nuclei with atomic number up to ∼ 1000. We have also taken into account the pasta phase. We find that the free energy and other thermodynamical quantities are not very different from those given in the standard EOSs that adopt the single nucleus approximation. On the other hand, the average mass is systematically different, which may have an important effect on the rates of electron captures and coherent neutrino scatterings on nuclei in supernova cores.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDeath of Massive Stars
Subtitle of host publicationSupernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts
EditorsPeter W. A. San Antonio, Nobuyuki Kawai, Elena Pian
Pages333-334
Number of pages2
EditionS279
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 1

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
NumberS279
Volume7
ISSN (Print)1743-9213
ISSN (Electronic)1743-9221

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Keywords

  • dense matter
  • equation of state
  • nuclear abundances & supernovae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Furusawa, S., Yamada, S., Sumiyoshi, K., & Suzuki, H. (2011). A new equation of state based on nuclear statistical equilibrium for core-collapse simulations. In P. W. A. San Antonio, N. Kawai, & E. Pian (Eds.), Death of Massive Stars: Supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts (S279 ed., pp. 333-334). (Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union; Vol. 7, No. S279). https://doi.org/10.1017/S174392131201321X