A new treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hematoma--a follow-up study on 46 patients with hematoma treated by CT guided stereotactic method

T. Shiwaku, T. Tanikawa, K. Amano, H. Kawamura, H. Kawabatake, M. Notani, H. Iseki, T. Nagao, Y. Iwata, T. Taira

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    Abstract

    During the last 2 years, 46 cases of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage in the basal ganglia were treated by CT guided stereotactic aspiration and their outcome was evaluated in terms of the rate of hematoma removal, the change of consciousness level and the recovery of motor and sensory functions. They are aged from 45 to 79 years old, the average 56, and aspirated 1 to 24 days after the onset, two third of them being within 1 week. The whole procedure was done in the CT room under direct CT guidance and by one trial. In putaminal type hemorrhage, the removed hematoma volumes ranged from 9 to 48 ml, average being 23.7 ml, in thalamic type from 5 to 29 ml, average being 15.5 ml. The average rate of removal was 81.1% in 30 cases within 1 week. In most cases, preoperative consciousness was not severely disturbed, in putaminal type, 19 were alert or confused, 4 somnolent, 5 stuperous and in thalamic type, 6, 6, 3 respectively and 2 were semicomatous, one of them had herniation sign. In putaminal type all but 2 cases recovered to alert or confused state, the first one had postoperative bleeding and the other was already apallic preoperatively. In thalamic type, we lost 3 cases, 2 by gastrointestinal bleeding and 1 DIC, by rehemorrhage 2 months after the operation. All but one who was semicomatous preoperatively recovered to alertness. In motor function, some cases of the putaminal bleeding with intact internal capsule remained hemiplegic. On the other hand, most of the cases with partial destruction of the internal capsule on CT recovered well in both types of hematoma.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)751-758
    Number of pages8
    JournalNo shinkei geka. Neurological surgery
    Volume14
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 1986 May 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery
    • Clinical Neurology

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    Shiwaku, T., Tanikawa, T., Amano, K., Kawamura, H., Kawabatake, H., Notani, M., Iseki, H., Nagao, T., Iwata, Y., & Taira, T. (1986). A new treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hematoma--a follow-up study on 46 patients with hematoma treated by CT guided stereotactic method. No shinkei geka. Neurological surgery, 14(6), 751-758.