A novel nickel-based structured catalyst for CO2methanation: A honeycomb-type Ni/CeO2catalyst to transform greenhouse gas into useful resources

Choji Fukuhara, Kotaro Hayakawa, Yuji Suzuki, Wataru Kawasaki, Ryo Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to construct a honeycomb-type structured catalyst with a high methanation performance to effectively transform CO2to CH4. To select the best methanation component for structuring, a 10 wt% Ni-loaded granular catalyst was prepared by evaporation to dryness using Al2O3, TiO2, ZrO2, Y2O3, MgO and CeO2as the support materials. The granular Ni/CeO2catalyst displayed the highest activity at 200–500 °C, while the granular Ni/Al2O3, Ni/MgO and Ni/TiO2catalysts showed low CO2conversions. The variable affecting the Ni/CeO2catalyst having a high performance would be related to the large amount of adsorbed CO2and the production of many chemical species that originated from the CO2on the surface. The structured catalyst with the Ni/CeO2component was prepared by a wash-coating method on an aluminum substrate with a honeycomb-fin configuration. The prepared catalyst showed a high methanation performance, indicating that the cell density and the configuration of the honeycomb-fin clearly influenced the performance. Especially, the structured catalyst with the stacked-type-fin enhanced the methanation performance that improved the mass transfer properties in the reaction field. Furthermore, the structured Ni/CeO2catalyst showed a steady catalytic performance that maintained the high activity and the high selectivity during a durability test at 350 °C. The honeycomb-type catalyst developed in this study has the potential to be a practicable catalyst for producing energy resources from CO2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-18
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume532
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • COmethanation
  • Cerium oxide
  • Honeycomb-type catalyst
  • Structured catalyst
  • Wash-coating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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