A novel transmembrane protein defines the endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced cell death pathway

Tomoya Tamaki, Kenta Kamatsuka, Taku Sato, Shuntaro Morooka, Kosuke Otsuka, Masahira Hattori, Tomoyasu Sugiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) maintenance is physiologically critical in cells; its loss causes apoptotic signalling and cell death. Accumulating DNA mutations and unfolded proteins in stressed cells activate signalling pathways for cell death induction. Cancer cells often fail to die even in the presence of some death signalling proteins. Here, we report a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) with an artificial sequence, denoted Psi1 shRNA, which leads to ΔΨm loss in HCT116 cells. The Psi1 shRNA target gene was shown to encode transmembrane protein 117 (TMEM117). TMEM117 knockdown led to ΔΨm loss, increased reactive oxygen species levels, up-regulation of an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress sensor C/EBP homologous protein and active caspase-3 expression, and cell growth impairment, altering homeostasis towards cell death. TMEM117 levels were down-regulated in response to the ER stressor thapsigargin and decreased when cells showed ΔΨm loss. These results suggested that TMEM117 RNAi allowed apoptotic cell death. Therefore, TMEM117 probably mediates the signalling of ΔΨm loss in ER stress-mediated mitochondria-mediated cell death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-155
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume486
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 22
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cell death
  • Endoplasmic reticulum stress
  • Mitochondrial membrane potential
  • RNAi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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