A population of gamma-ray millisecond pulsars seen with the fermi large area telescope

A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, M. Ajello, W. B. Atwood, M. Axelsson, L. Baldini, J. Ballet, G. Barbiellini, M. G. Baring, D. Bastieri, B. M. Baughman, K. Bechtol, R. Bellazzini, B. Berenji, G. F. Bignami, R. D. Blandford, E. D. Bloom, E. Bonamente, A. W. Borgland, J. Bregeon & 182 others A. Brez, M. Brigida, P. Bruel, T. H. Burnett, G. A. Caliandro, R. A. Cameron, F. Camilo, P. A. Caraveo, P. Carlson, J. M. Casandjian, C. Cecchi, Ö Çelik, E. Charles, A. Chekhtman, C. C. Cheung, J. Chiang, S. Ciprini, R. Claus, I. Cognard, J. Cohen-Tanugi, L. R. Cominsky, J. Conrad, R. Corbet, S. Cutini, C. D. Dermer, G. Desvignes, A. De Angelis, A. De Luca, F. De Palma, S. W. Digel, M. Dormody, E. Do Couto E Silva, P. S. Drell, R. Dubois, D. Dumora, Y. Edmonds, C. Farnier, C. Favuzzi, S. J. Fegan, W. B. Focke, M. Frailis, P. C C Freire, Y. Fukazawa, S. Funk, P. Fusco, F. Gargano, D. Gasparrini, N. Gehrels, S. Germani, B. Giebels, N. Giglietto, F. Giordano, T. Glanzman, G. Godfrey, I. A. Grenier, M. H. Grondin, J. E. Grove, L. Guillemot, S. Guiriec, Y. Hanabata, A. K. Harding, M. Hayashida, E. Hays, G. Hobbs, R. E. Hughes, G. Jóhannesson, A. S. Johnson, R. P. Johnson, T. J. Johnson, W. N. Johnson, S. Johnston, T. Kamae, H. Katagiri, Jun Kataoka, N. Kawai, M. Kerr, J. Knödlseder, M. L. Kocian, M. Kramer, M. Kuss, J. Lande, L. Latronico, M. Lemoine-Goumard, F. Longo, F. Loparco, B. Lott, M. N. Lovellette, P. Lubrano, G. M. Madejski, A. Makeev, R. N. Manchester, M. Marelli, M. N. Mazziotta, W. McConville, J. E. McEnery, M. A. McLaughlin, C. Meurer, P. F. Michelson, W. Mitthumsiri, T. Mizuno, A. A. Moiseev, C. Monte, M. E. Monzani, A. Morselli, I. V. Moskalenko, S. Murgia, P. L. Nolan, J. P. Norris, E. Nuss, T. Ohsugi, N. Omodei, E. Orlando, J. F. Ormes, D. Paneque, J. H. Panetta, D. Parent, V. Pelassa, M. Pepe, M. Pesce-Rollins, F. Piron, T. A. Porter, S. Rainò, R. Rando, S. M. Ransom, P. S. Ray, M. Razzano, N. Rea, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, T. Reposeur, S. Ritz, L. S. Rochester, A. Y. Rodriguez, R. W. Romani, M. Roth, F. Ryde, H. F W Sadrozinski, D. Sanchez, A. Sander, P. M. Saz Parkinson, J. D. Scargle, T. L. Schalk, C. Sgrò, E. J. Siskind, D. A. Smith, P. D. Smith, G. Spandre, P. Spinelli, B. W. Stappers, J. L. Starck, E. Striani, M. S. Strickman, D. J. Suson, H. Tajima, H. Takahashi, T. Tanaka, J. B. Thayer, J. G. Thayer, G. Theureau, D. J. Thompson, S. E. Thorsett, L. Tibaldo, D. F. Torres, G. Tosti, A. Tramacere, Y. Uchiyama, T. L. Usher, A. Van Etten, V. Vasileiou, C. Venter, N. Vilchez, V. Vitale, A. P. Waite, E. Wallace, P. Wang, K. Watters, N. Webb, P. Weltevrede, B. L. Winer, K. S. Wood, T. Ylinen, M. Ziegler

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    196 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Pulsars are born with subsecond spin periods and slow by electromagnetic braking for several tens of millions of years, when detectable radiation ceases. A second life can occur for neutron stars in binary systems. They can acquire mass and angular momentum from their companions, to be spun up to millisecond periods and begin radiating again. We searched Fermi Large Area Telescope data for pulsations from all known millisecond pulsars (MSPs) outside of globular clusters, using rotation parameters from radio telescopes. Strong gamma-ray pulsations were detected for eight MSPs. The gamma-ray pulse profiles and spectral properties resemble those of young gamma-ray pulsars. The basic emission mechanism seems to be the same for MSPs and young pulsars, with the emission originating in regions far from the neutron star surface.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)848-852
    Number of pages5
    JournalScience
    Volume325
    Issue number5942
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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    Telescopes
    Gamma Rays
    Neutrons
    Population
    Electromagnetic Phenomena
    Radio
    Radiation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General

    Cite this

    Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Atwood, W. B., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., ... Ziegler, M. (2009). A population of gamma-ray millisecond pulsars seen with the fermi large area telescope. Science, 325(5942), 848-852. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1176113

    A population of gamma-ray millisecond pulsars seen with the fermi large area telescope. / Abdo, A. A.; Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.; Atwood, W. B.; Axelsson, M.; Baldini, L.; Ballet, J.; Barbiellini, G.; Baring, M. G.; Bastieri, D.; Baughman, B. M.; Bechtol, K.; Bellazzini, R.; Berenji, B.; Bignami, G. F.; Blandford, R. D.; Bloom, E. D.; Bonamente, E.; Borgland, A. W.; Bregeon, J.; Brez, A.; Brigida, M.; Bruel, P.; Burnett, T. H.; Caliandro, G. A.; Cameron, R. A.; Camilo, F.; Caraveo, P. A.; Carlson, P.; Casandjian, J. M.; Cecchi, C.; Çelik, Ö; Charles, E.; Chekhtman, A.; Cheung, C. C.; Chiang, J.; Ciprini, S.; Claus, R.; Cognard, I.; Cohen-Tanugi, J.; Cominsky, L. R.; Conrad, J.; Corbet, R.; Cutini, S.; Dermer, C. D.; Desvignes, G.; De Angelis, A.; De Luca, A.; De Palma, F.; Digel, S. W.; Dormody, M.; Do Couto E Silva, E.; Drell, P. S.; Dubois, R.; Dumora, D.; Edmonds, Y.; Farnier, C.; Favuzzi, C.; Fegan, S. J.; Focke, W. B.; Frailis, M.; Freire, P. C C; Fukazawa, Y.; Funk, S.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Gasparrini, D.; Gehrels, N.; Germani, S.; Giebels, B.; Giglietto, N.; Giordano, F.; Glanzman, T.; Godfrey, G.; Grenier, I. A.; Grondin, M. H.; Grove, J. E.; Guillemot, L.; Guiriec, S.; Hanabata, Y.; Harding, A. K.; Hayashida, M.; Hays, E.; Hobbs, G.; Hughes, R. E.; Jóhannesson, G.; Johnson, A. S.; Johnson, R. P.; Johnson, T. J.; Johnson, W. N.; Johnston, S.; Kamae, T.; Katagiri, H.; Kataoka, Jun; Kawai, N.; Kerr, M.; Knödlseder, J.; Kocian, M. L.; Kramer, M.; Kuss, M.; Lande, J.; Latronico, L.; Lemoine-Goumard, M.; Longo, F.; Loparco, F.; Lott, B.; Lovellette, M. N.; Lubrano, P.; Madejski, G. M.; Makeev, A.; Manchester, R. N.; Marelli, M.; Mazziotta, M. N.; McConville, W.; McEnery, J. E.; McLaughlin, M. A.; Meurer, C.; Michelson, P. F.; Mitthumsiri, W.; Mizuno, T.; Moiseev, A. A.; Monte, C.; Monzani, M. E.; Morselli, A.; Moskalenko, I. V.; Murgia, S.; Nolan, P. L.; Norris, J. P.; Nuss, E.; Ohsugi, T.; Omodei, N.; Orlando, E.; Ormes, J. F.; Paneque, D.; Panetta, J. H.; Parent, D.; Pelassa, V.; Pepe, M.; Pesce-Rollins, M.; Piron, F.; Porter, T. A.; Rainò, S.; Rando, R.; Ransom, S. M.; Ray, P. S.; Razzano, M.; Rea, N.; Reimer, A.; Reimer, O.; Reposeur, T.; Ritz, S.; Rochester, L. S.; Rodriguez, A. Y.; Romani, R. W.; Roth, M.; Ryde, F.; Sadrozinski, H. F W; Sanchez, D.; Sander, A.; Saz Parkinson, P. M.; Scargle, J. D.; Schalk, T. L.; Sgrò, C.; Siskind, E. J.; Smith, D. A.; Smith, P. D.; Spandre, G.; Spinelli, P.; Stappers, B. W.; Starck, J. L.; Striani, E.; Strickman, M. S.; Suson, D. J.; Tajima, H.; Takahashi, H.; Tanaka, T.; Thayer, J. B.; Thayer, J. G.; Theureau, G.; Thompson, D. J.; Thorsett, S. E.; Tibaldo, L.; Torres, D. F.; Tosti, G.; Tramacere, A.; Uchiyama, Y.; Usher, T. L.; Van Etten, A.; Vasileiou, V.; Venter, C.; Vilchez, N.; Vitale, V.; Waite, A. P.; Wallace, E.; Wang, P.; Watters, K.; Webb, N.; Weltevrede, P.; Winer, B. L.; Wood, K. S.; Ylinen, T.; Ziegler, M.

    In: Science, Vol. 325, No. 5942, 2009, p. 848-852.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abdo, AA, Ackermann, M, Ajello, M, Atwood, WB, Axelsson, M, Baldini, L, Ballet, J, Barbiellini, G, Baring, MG, Bastieri, D, Baughman, BM, Bechtol, K, Bellazzini, R, Berenji, B, Bignami, GF, Blandford, RD, Bloom, ED, Bonamente, E, Borgland, AW, Bregeon, J, Brez, A, Brigida, M, Bruel, P, Burnett, TH, Caliandro, GA, Cameron, RA, Camilo, F, Caraveo, PA, Carlson, P, Casandjian, JM, Cecchi, C, Çelik, Ö, Charles, E, Chekhtman, A, Cheung, CC, Chiang, J, Ciprini, S, Claus, R, Cognard, I, Cohen-Tanugi, J, Cominsky, LR, Conrad, J, Corbet, R, Cutini, S, Dermer, CD, Desvignes, G, De Angelis, A, De Luca, A, De Palma, F, Digel, SW, Dormody, M, Do Couto E Silva, E, Drell, PS, Dubois, R, Dumora, D, Edmonds, Y, Farnier, C, Favuzzi, C, Fegan, SJ, Focke, WB, Frailis, M, Freire, PCC, Fukazawa, Y, Funk, S, Fusco, P, Gargano, F, Gasparrini, D, Gehrels, N, Germani, S, Giebels, B, Giglietto, N, Giordano, F, Glanzman, T, Godfrey, G, Grenier, IA, Grondin, MH, Grove, JE, Guillemot, L, Guiriec, S, Hanabata, Y, Harding, AK, Hayashida, M, Hays, E, Hobbs, G, Hughes, RE, Jóhannesson, G, Johnson, AS, Johnson, RP, Johnson, TJ, Johnson, WN, Johnston, S, Kamae, T, Katagiri, H, Kataoka, J, Kawai, N, Kerr, M, Knödlseder, J, Kocian, ML, Kramer, M, Kuss, M, Lande, J, Latronico, L, Lemoine-Goumard, M, Longo, F, Loparco, F, Lott, B, Lovellette, MN, Lubrano, P, Madejski, GM, Makeev, A, Manchester, RN, Marelli, M, Mazziotta, MN, McConville, W, McEnery, JE, McLaughlin, MA, Meurer, C, Michelson, PF, Mitthumsiri, W, Mizuno, T, Moiseev, AA, Monte, C, Monzani, ME, Morselli, A, Moskalenko, IV, Murgia, S, Nolan, PL, Norris, JP, Nuss, E, Ohsugi, T, Omodei, N, Orlando, E, Ormes, JF, Paneque, D, Panetta, JH, Parent, D, Pelassa, V, Pepe, M, Pesce-Rollins, M, Piron, F, Porter, TA, Rainò, S, Rando, R, Ransom, SM, Ray, PS, Razzano, M, Rea, N, Reimer, A, Reimer, O, Reposeur, T, Ritz, S, Rochester, LS, Rodriguez, AY, Romani, RW, Roth, M, Ryde, F, Sadrozinski, HFW, Sanchez, D, Sander, A, Saz Parkinson, PM, Scargle, JD, Schalk, TL, Sgrò, C, Siskind, EJ, Smith, DA, Smith, PD, Spandre, G, Spinelli, P, Stappers, BW, Starck, JL, Striani, E, Strickman, MS, Suson, DJ, Tajima, H, Takahashi, H, Tanaka, T, Thayer, JB, Thayer, JG, Theureau, G, Thompson, DJ, Thorsett, SE, Tibaldo, L, Torres, DF, Tosti, G, Tramacere, A, Uchiyama, Y, Usher, TL, Van Etten, A, Vasileiou, V, Venter, C, Vilchez, N, Vitale, V, Waite, AP, Wallace, E, Wang, P, Watters, K, Webb, N, Weltevrede, P, Winer, BL, Wood, KS, Ylinen, T & Ziegler, M 2009, 'A population of gamma-ray millisecond pulsars seen with the fermi large area telescope', Science, vol. 325, no. 5942, pp. 848-852. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1176113
    Abdo AA, Ackermann M, Ajello M, Atwood WB, Axelsson M, Baldini L et al. A population of gamma-ray millisecond pulsars seen with the fermi large area telescope. Science. 2009;325(5942):848-852. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1176113
    Abdo, A. A. ; Ackermann, M. ; Ajello, M. ; Atwood, W. B. ; Axelsson, M. ; Baldini, L. ; Ballet, J. ; Barbiellini, G. ; Baring, M. G. ; Bastieri, D. ; Baughman, B. M. ; Bechtol, K. ; Bellazzini, R. ; Berenji, B. ; Bignami, G. F. ; Blandford, R. D. ; Bloom, E. D. ; Bonamente, E. ; Borgland, A. W. ; Bregeon, J. ; Brez, A. ; Brigida, M. ; Bruel, P. ; Burnett, T. H. ; Caliandro, G. A. ; Cameron, R. A. ; Camilo, F. ; Caraveo, P. A. ; Carlson, P. ; Casandjian, J. M. ; Cecchi, C. ; Çelik, Ö ; Charles, E. ; Chekhtman, A. ; Cheung, C. C. ; Chiang, J. ; Ciprini, S. ; Claus, R. ; Cognard, I. ; Cohen-Tanugi, J. ; Cominsky, L. R. ; Conrad, J. ; Corbet, R. ; Cutini, S. ; Dermer, C. D. ; Desvignes, G. ; De Angelis, A. ; De Luca, A. ; De Palma, F. ; Digel, S. W. ; Dormody, M. ; Do Couto E Silva, E. ; Drell, P. S. ; Dubois, R. ; Dumora, D. ; Edmonds, Y. ; Farnier, C. ; Favuzzi, C. ; Fegan, S. J. ; Focke, W. B. ; Frailis, M. ; Freire, P. C C ; Fukazawa, Y. ; Funk, S. ; Fusco, P. ; Gargano, F. ; Gasparrini, D. ; Gehrels, N. ; Germani, S. ; Giebels, B. ; Giglietto, N. ; Giordano, F. ; Glanzman, T. ; Godfrey, G. ; Grenier, I. A. ; Grondin, M. H. ; Grove, J. E. ; Guillemot, L. ; Guiriec, S. ; Hanabata, Y. ; Harding, A. K. ; Hayashida, M. ; Hays, E. ; Hobbs, G. ; Hughes, R. E. ; Jóhannesson, G. ; Johnson, A. S. ; Johnson, R. P. ; Johnson, T. J. ; Johnson, W. N. ; Johnston, S. ; Kamae, T. ; Katagiri, H. ; Kataoka, Jun ; Kawai, N. ; Kerr, M. ; Knödlseder, J. ; Kocian, M. L. ; Kramer, M. ; Kuss, M. ; Lande, J. ; Latronico, L. ; Lemoine-Goumard, M. ; Longo, F. ; Loparco, F. ; Lott, B. ; Lovellette, M. N. ; Lubrano, P. ; Madejski, G. M. ; Makeev, A. ; Manchester, R. N. ; Marelli, M. ; Mazziotta, M. N. ; McConville, W. ; McEnery, J. E. ; McLaughlin, M. A. ; Meurer, C. ; Michelson, P. F. ; Mitthumsiri, W. ; Mizuno, T. ; Moiseev, A. A. ; Monte, C. ; Monzani, M. E. ; Morselli, A. ; Moskalenko, I. V. ; Murgia, S. ; Nolan, P. L. ; Norris, J. P. ; Nuss, E. ; Ohsugi, T. ; Omodei, N. ; Orlando, E. ; Ormes, J. F. ; Paneque, D. ; Panetta, J. H. ; Parent, D. ; Pelassa, V. ; Pepe, M. ; Pesce-Rollins, M. ; Piron, F. ; Porter, T. A. ; Rainò, S. ; Rando, R. ; Ransom, S. M. ; Ray, P. S. ; Razzano, M. ; Rea, N. ; Reimer, A. ; Reimer, O. ; Reposeur, T. ; Ritz, S. ; Rochester, L. S. ; Rodriguez, A. Y. ; Romani, R. W. ; Roth, M. ; Ryde, F. ; Sadrozinski, H. F W ; Sanchez, D. ; Sander, A. ; Saz Parkinson, P. M. ; Scargle, J. D. ; Schalk, T. L. ; Sgrò, C. ; Siskind, E. J. ; Smith, D. A. ; Smith, P. D. ; Spandre, G. ; Spinelli, P. ; Stappers, B. W. ; Starck, J. L. ; Striani, E. ; Strickman, M. S. ; Suson, D. J. ; Tajima, H. ; Takahashi, H. ; Tanaka, T. ; Thayer, J. B. ; Thayer, J. G. ; Theureau, G. ; Thompson, D. J. ; Thorsett, S. E. ; Tibaldo, L. ; Torres, D. F. ; Tosti, G. ; Tramacere, A. ; Uchiyama, Y. ; Usher, T. L. ; Van Etten, A. ; Vasileiou, V. ; Venter, C. ; Vilchez, N. ; Vitale, V. ; Waite, A. P. ; Wallace, E. ; Wang, P. ; Watters, K. ; Webb, N. ; Weltevrede, P. ; Winer, B. L. ; Wood, K. S. ; Ylinen, T. ; Ziegler, M. / A population of gamma-ray millisecond pulsars seen with the fermi large area telescope. In: Science. 2009 ; Vol. 325, No. 5942. pp. 848-852.
    @article{300df967b3e54146804e976874c3d689,
    title = "A population of gamma-ray millisecond pulsars seen with the fermi large area telescope",
    abstract = "Pulsars are born with subsecond spin periods and slow by electromagnetic braking for several tens of millions of years, when detectable radiation ceases. A second life can occur for neutron stars in binary systems. They can acquire mass and angular momentum from their companions, to be spun up to millisecond periods and begin radiating again. We searched Fermi Large Area Telescope data for pulsations from all known millisecond pulsars (MSPs) outside of globular clusters, using rotation parameters from radio telescopes. Strong gamma-ray pulsations were detected for eight MSPs. The gamma-ray pulse profiles and spectral properties resemble those of young gamma-ray pulsars. The basic emission mechanism seems to be the same for MSPs and young pulsars, with the emission originating in regions far from the neutron star surface.",
    author = "Abdo, {A. A.} and M. Ackermann and M. Ajello and Atwood, {W. B.} and M. Axelsson and L. Baldini and J. Ballet and G. Barbiellini and Baring, {M. G.} and D. Bastieri and Baughman, {B. M.} and K. Bechtol and R. Bellazzini and B. Berenji and Bignami, {G. F.} and Blandford, {R. D.} and Bloom, {E. D.} and E. Bonamente and Borgland, {A. W.} and J. Bregeon and A. Brez and M. Brigida and P. Bruel and Burnett, {T. H.} and Caliandro, {G. A.} and Cameron, {R. A.} and F. Camilo and Caraveo, {P. A.} and P. Carlson and Casandjian, {J. M.} and C. Cecchi and {\"O} {\cC}elik and E. Charles and A. Chekhtman and Cheung, {C. C.} and J. Chiang and S. Ciprini and R. Claus and I. Cognard and J. Cohen-Tanugi and Cominsky, {L. R.} and J. Conrad and R. Corbet and S. Cutini and Dermer, {C. D.} and G. Desvignes and {De Angelis}, A. and {De Luca}, A. and {De Palma}, F. and Digel, {S. W.} and M. Dormody and {Do Couto E Silva}, E. and Drell, {P. S.} and R. Dubois and D. Dumora and Y. Edmonds and C. Farnier and C. Favuzzi and Fegan, {S. J.} and Focke, {W. B.} and M. Frailis and Freire, {P. C C} and Y. Fukazawa and S. Funk and P. Fusco and F. Gargano and D. Gasparrini and N. Gehrels and S. Germani and B. Giebels and N. Giglietto and F. Giordano and T. Glanzman and G. Godfrey and Grenier, {I. A.} and Grondin, {M. H.} and Grove, {J. E.} and L. Guillemot and S. Guiriec and Y. Hanabata and Harding, {A. K.} and M. Hayashida and E. Hays and G. Hobbs and Hughes, {R. E.} and G. J{\'o}hannesson and Johnson, {A. S.} and Johnson, {R. P.} and Johnson, {T. J.} and Johnson, {W. N.} and S. Johnston and T. Kamae and H. Katagiri and Jun Kataoka and N. Kawai and M. Kerr and J. Kn{\"o}dlseder and Kocian, {M. L.} and M. Kramer and M. Kuss and J. Lande and L. Latronico and M. Lemoine-Goumard and F. Longo and F. Loparco and B. Lott and Lovellette, {M. N.} and P. Lubrano and Madejski, {G. M.} and A. Makeev and Manchester, {R. N.} and M. Marelli and Mazziotta, {M. N.} and W. McConville and McEnery, {J. E.} and McLaughlin, {M. A.} and C. Meurer and Michelson, {P. F.} and W. Mitthumsiri and T. Mizuno and Moiseev, {A. A.} and C. Monte and Monzani, {M. E.} and A. Morselli and Moskalenko, {I. V.} and S. Murgia and Nolan, {P. L.} and Norris, {J. P.} and E. Nuss and T. Ohsugi and N. Omodei and E. Orlando and Ormes, {J. F.} and D. Paneque and Panetta, {J. H.} and D. Parent and V. Pelassa and M. Pepe and M. Pesce-Rollins and F. Piron and Porter, {T. A.} and S. Rain{\`o} and R. Rando and Ransom, {S. M.} and Ray, {P. S.} and M. Razzano and N. Rea and A. Reimer and O. Reimer and T. Reposeur and S. Ritz and Rochester, {L. S.} and Rodriguez, {A. Y.} and Romani, {R. W.} and M. Roth and F. Ryde and Sadrozinski, {H. F W} and D. Sanchez and A. Sander and {Saz Parkinson}, {P. M.} and Scargle, {J. D.} and Schalk, {T. L.} and C. Sgr{\`o} and Siskind, {E. J.} and Smith, {D. A.} and Smith, {P. D.} and G. Spandre and P. Spinelli and Stappers, {B. W.} and Starck, {J. L.} and E. Striani and Strickman, {M. S.} and Suson, {D. J.} and H. Tajima and H. Takahashi and T. Tanaka and Thayer, {J. B.} and Thayer, {J. G.} and G. Theureau and Thompson, {D. J.} and Thorsett, {S. E.} and L. Tibaldo and Torres, {D. F.} and G. Tosti and A. Tramacere and Y. Uchiyama and Usher, {T. L.} and {Van Etten}, A. and V. Vasileiou and C. Venter and N. Vilchez and V. Vitale and Waite, {A. P.} and E. Wallace and P. Wang and K. Watters and N. Webb and P. Weltevrede and Winer, {B. L.} and Wood, {K. S.} and T. Ylinen and M. Ziegler",
    year = "2009",
    doi = "10.1126/science.1176113",
    language = "English",
    volume = "325",
    pages = "848--852",
    journal = "Science",
    issn = "0036-8075",
    publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
    number = "5942",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - A population of gamma-ray millisecond pulsars seen with the fermi large area telescope

    AU - Abdo, A. A.

    AU - Ackermann, M.

    AU - Ajello, M.

    AU - Atwood, W. B.

    AU - Axelsson, M.

    AU - Baldini, L.

    AU - Ballet, J.

    AU - Barbiellini, G.

    AU - Baring, M. G.

    AU - Bastieri, D.

    AU - Baughman, B. M.

    AU - Bechtol, K.

    AU - Bellazzini, R.

    AU - Berenji, B.

    AU - Bignami, G. F.

    AU - Blandford, R. D.

    AU - Bloom, E. D.

    AU - Bonamente, E.

    AU - Borgland, A. W.

    AU - Bregeon, J.

    AU - Brez, A.

    AU - Brigida, M.

    AU - Bruel, P.

    AU - Burnett, T. H.

    AU - Caliandro, G. A.

    AU - Cameron, R. A.

    AU - Camilo, F.

    AU - Caraveo, P. A.

    AU - Carlson, P.

    AU - Casandjian, J. M.

    AU - Cecchi, C.

    AU - Çelik, Ö

    AU - Charles, E.

    AU - Chekhtman, A.

    AU - Cheung, C. C.

    AU - Chiang, J.

    AU - Ciprini, S.

    AU - Claus, R.

    AU - Cognard, I.

    AU - Cohen-Tanugi, J.

    AU - Cominsky, L. R.

    AU - Conrad, J.

    AU - Corbet, R.

    AU - Cutini, S.

    AU - Dermer, C. D.

    AU - Desvignes, G.

    AU - De Angelis, A.

    AU - De Luca, A.

    AU - De Palma, F.

    AU - Digel, S. W.

    AU - Dormody, M.

    AU - Do Couto E Silva, E.

    AU - Drell, P. S.

    AU - Dubois, R.

    AU - Dumora, D.

    AU - Edmonds, Y.

    AU - Farnier, C.

    AU - Favuzzi, C.

    AU - Fegan, S. J.

    AU - Focke, W. B.

    AU - Frailis, M.

    AU - Freire, P. C C

    AU - Fukazawa, Y.

    AU - Funk, S.

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    PY - 2009

    Y1 - 2009

    N2 - Pulsars are born with subsecond spin periods and slow by electromagnetic braking for several tens of millions of years, when detectable radiation ceases. A second life can occur for neutron stars in binary systems. They can acquire mass and angular momentum from their companions, to be spun up to millisecond periods and begin radiating again. We searched Fermi Large Area Telescope data for pulsations from all known millisecond pulsars (MSPs) outside of globular clusters, using rotation parameters from radio telescopes. Strong gamma-ray pulsations were detected for eight MSPs. The gamma-ray pulse profiles and spectral properties resemble those of young gamma-ray pulsars. The basic emission mechanism seems to be the same for MSPs and young pulsars, with the emission originating in regions far from the neutron star surface.

    AB - Pulsars are born with subsecond spin periods and slow by electromagnetic braking for several tens of millions of years, when detectable radiation ceases. A second life can occur for neutron stars in binary systems. They can acquire mass and angular momentum from their companions, to be spun up to millisecond periods and begin radiating again. We searched Fermi Large Area Telescope data for pulsations from all known millisecond pulsars (MSPs) outside of globular clusters, using rotation parameters from radio telescopes. Strong gamma-ray pulsations were detected for eight MSPs. The gamma-ray pulse profiles and spectral properties resemble those of young gamma-ray pulsars. The basic emission mechanism seems to be the same for MSPs and young pulsars, with the emission originating in regions far from the neutron star surface.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=68949213844&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=68949213844&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1126/science.1176113

    DO - 10.1126/science.1176113

    M3 - Article

    VL - 325

    SP - 848

    EP - 852

    JO - Science

    JF - Science

    SN - 0036-8075

    IS - 5942

    ER -