A possible mechanism to form the source composition of galactic cosmic rays as viewed from the fractionation of heavy elements in carbonaceous chondrites

Kunitomo Sakurai, Makoto Hareyama, Satoshi Kodaira, Nobuyuki Hasebe

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Referring to the observed data in the depletions of elements, refractory and siderophile, in the interstellar clouds, the chemical composition of dust grains has been deduced, though it is highly variable among these clouds. This variability seems to reflect upon the place where such dust grains are formed inside these clouds. Deep inside the clouds, the chemical composition of dust grains is well coincident with that of carbonaceous chondrites as classified as CI. Since the source composition of galactic cosmic rays in much more abundant in refractory and siderophile elements, being classified as heavy and ultraheavy ones, as compared with those as contained in carbonaceous CI chondrites, the most of volatile elements must have been lost during the process which took place in forming the matter as identified to be 'seed mass' which is to be later accelerated to cosmic ray every this process seems necessarily to be associated with the heating and ionization of dust grains formed within interstellar clouds. Volatile elements must have effectively been lost from chondrites though that process, which become process, and then form the seed mass, which becomes the source matter from which cosmic rays are generated afterward.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2007
    PublisherUniversidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico
    Pages133-136
    Number of pages4
    Volume2
    EditionOG PART 1
    Publication statusPublished - 2007
    Event30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2007 - Merida, Yucatan
    Duration: 2007 Jul 32007 Jul 11

    Other

    Other30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2007
    CityMerida, Yucatan
    Period07/7/307/7/11

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

    Cite this

    Sakurai, K., Hareyama, M., Kodaira, S., & Hasebe, N. (2007). A possible mechanism to form the source composition of galactic cosmic rays as viewed from the fractionation of heavy elements in carbonaceous chondrites. In Proceedings of the 30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2007 (OG PART 1 ed., Vol. 2, pp. 133-136). Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico.