A proposal to enhance cellular and WiFi interworking toward a reliable hetnet

Nam Nguyen, Takuro Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


WiFi offloading is becoming one of the key enablers to help the network operators dealing with the exponentially growing demand of mobile data. The idea of using WiFi to offload data traffic from cellular network has proposed for many years. However, the interoperability issue between the two networks needs to be enhanced so that WiFi can efficiently supplement for the cellular network in case of congestion or outage. In this paper, we propose a novel network roaming and selection scheme based on 3GPP TS 24.312 and IEEE 802.11k, u standards to enhance cellular and WiFi interworking. The proposed scheme is aimed at enhancing the network roaming and selection so that WiFi network can serve as a supplement and backup access network for the cellular not only for congestion control but also in case of unexpected network failure event. We also model and evaluate the proposed scheme in a typical HetNet with interworking WiFi access points and cellular base stations. The simulation result shows that our proposed scheme quickly detects unexpected network failure event and assists active UEs to perform handoff to preferable alternative point of access. As a result, service disruption is substantially reduced and quality of experience (downlink/uplink's throughput) is improved. Therefore, our proposed scheme can be used for a more reliable HetNet in terms of congestion control and disruption tolerance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-104
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Computer Networks and Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Congestion control
  • Network failure tolerance
  • Reliable HetNet
  • WiFi cellular interworking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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