A rapid collection of yet unknown ammonia oxidizers in pure culture from activated sludge

Takuma Abe, Norisuke Ushiki, Hirotsugu Fujitani, Satoshi Tsuneda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nitrification is an important reaction in the biological nitrogen removal process in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). As ammonia-oxidizing microbes are slow-growing and sensitive to environmental factors such as free ammonia, pure strains are hard to obtain, preventing our understanding of their physiological characteristics. To conquer this hurdle, we report a high-throughput isolation technique based on scattering signatures, which exploits the tendency of many ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) to form microcolonies in activated sludge. The AOB microcolonies were directly sorted from the activated sludge without long incubation and enrichment bias, and were sequentially inoculated into 96-well microtiter plates containing growth medium. Phylogenetic analysis of the pure strains isolated in this study revealed a deeply branching and unrecognized lineage and diversity within the genus Nitrosomonas, beyond our expectation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-178
Number of pages10
JournalWater Research
Volume108
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Activated sludge
  • Isolate
  • Microcolony
  • Nitrification
  • Nitrosomonas
  • Wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecological Modelling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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