A Reconsideration of the Construction Period of the Cruciform Terraces and the Elevated Causeways in the Angkor Monuments, Based on the Magnetic Susceptibility of the Sandstone Blocks*

Etsuo Uchida, K. Sato, O. Cunin, K. Toyouchi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this paper, the construction period of the cruciform terraces with columns and the elevated causeways in the Angkor monuments of Cambodia is reconsidered, based on the results of our investigation of magnetic susceptibility and other characteristics of sandstone blocks. From an art-historical point of view, they are generally considered as modifications in the post-Bayon style period-the period during the reign of Jayavarman VIII (1243-95 ce) or later. However, from a lithological point of view, the average magnetic susceptibilities of the sandstone blocks in the cruciform terraces with columns and the elevated causeways are consistent with the rest of the monument. In addition, the characteristics of the sandstone blocks in the cruciform terraces, such as their shape, the orientation of the bedding plane and the stacking method, suggest that they were constructed in the same period as the rest of the monument.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1034-1047
    Number of pages14
    JournalArchaeometry
    Volume55
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec

    Fingerprint

    monument
    Cambodia
    art
    Angkor Monuments
    Sandstone
    Magnetic Susceptibility
    Causeways
    Terraces
    Cruciform

    Keywords

    • Angkor Monuments
    • Construction Period
    • Cruciform Terrace
    • Elevated Causeway
    • Sandstone Blocks

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Archaeology
    • History

    Cite this

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    abstract = "In this paper, the construction period of the cruciform terraces with columns and the elevated causeways in the Angkor monuments of Cambodia is reconsidered, based on the results of our investigation of magnetic susceptibility and other characteristics of sandstone blocks. From an art-historical point of view, they are generally considered as modifications in the post-Bayon style period-the period during the reign of Jayavarman VIII (1243-95 ce) or later. However, from a lithological point of view, the average magnetic susceptibilities of the sandstone blocks in the cruciform terraces with columns and the elevated causeways are consistent with the rest of the monument. In addition, the characteristics of the sandstone blocks in the cruciform terraces, such as their shape, the orientation of the bedding plane and the stacking method, suggest that they were constructed in the same period as the rest of the monument.",
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    AU - Sato, K.

    AU - Cunin, O.

    AU - Toyouchi, K.

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