A sacred hillside at Northwest Saqqara

A preliminary report on the excavations 2001-2003

Sakuji Yoshimura, Nozomu Kawai, Hiroyuki Kashiwagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Excavations from 2001 to 2003 at the prominent outcrop at Northwest Saqqara have provided new evidence of activities at the site prior to the New Kingdom. The work revealed an early Old Kingdom layered stone structure and its substructure. Although the structure resembles a tomb due to the presence of a stone portcullis sealing the subterranean chamber, the finds from the substructure consist of a number of votive objects comparable to early temple deposits from Abydos, Hierakonpolis, Elephantine, and Tell Ibrahim Awad. Because the votive objects mainly date to the Early Dynastic Period, it is assumed that this area was venerated since then. The original substructure appears to have been reused in the Middle Kingdom, when another chamber was cut to the west of the shaft. In an area approximately 20 m to the northeast of the substructure on the slope of the outcrop, a rock-cut chamber was probably hewn at the same time. In the front area of the layered stone structure, extensive ceramic refuse deposits were found, indicating a vital cult activity in the Middle Kingdom. Presumably, this area was again a desert sanctuary associated with a goddess from the Twelfth Dynasty to the beginning of the Thirteenth Dynasty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-402
Number of pages41
JournalMitteilungen des Deutschen Archaologischen Instituts - Abteilung Kairo
Volume61
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Fingerprint

chamber
sanctuary
desert
ritual
Saqqara
Excavation
evidence
Dynasty
Votive Objects
Cut
Middle Kingdom
Rock
Hierakonpolis
Sanctuary
Abydos
Cult
Northeast
New Kingdom
Tombs
Sealing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

Cite this

A sacred hillside at Northwest Saqqara : A preliminary report on the excavations 2001-2003. / Yoshimura, Sakuji; Kawai, Nozomu; Kashiwagi, Hiroyuki.

In: Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archaologischen Instituts - Abteilung Kairo, Vol. 61, 2005, p. 362-402.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{dc33c9ba7a3f4234b5f0b4701691787d,
title = "A sacred hillside at Northwest Saqqara: A preliminary report on the excavations 2001-2003",
abstract = "Excavations from 2001 to 2003 at the prominent outcrop at Northwest Saqqara have provided new evidence of activities at the site prior to the New Kingdom. The work revealed an early Old Kingdom layered stone structure and its substructure. Although the structure resembles a tomb due to the presence of a stone portcullis sealing the subterranean chamber, the finds from the substructure consist of a number of votive objects comparable to early temple deposits from Abydos, Hierakonpolis, Elephantine, and Tell Ibrahim Awad. Because the votive objects mainly date to the Early Dynastic Period, it is assumed that this area was venerated since then. The original substructure appears to have been reused in the Middle Kingdom, when another chamber was cut to the west of the shaft. In an area approximately 20 m to the northeast of the substructure on the slope of the outcrop, a rock-cut chamber was probably hewn at the same time. In the front area of the layered stone structure, extensive ceramic refuse deposits were found, indicating a vital cult activity in the Middle Kingdom. Presumably, this area was again a desert sanctuary associated with a goddess from the Twelfth Dynasty to the beginning of the Thirteenth Dynasty.",
author = "Sakuji Yoshimura and Nozomu Kawai and Hiroyuki Kashiwagi",
year = "2005",
language = "English",
volume = "61",
pages = "362--402",
journal = "Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archaologischen Instituts - Abteilung Kairo",
issn = "0342-1279",
publisher = "Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A sacred hillside at Northwest Saqqara

T2 - A preliminary report on the excavations 2001-2003

AU - Yoshimura, Sakuji

AU - Kawai, Nozomu

AU - Kashiwagi, Hiroyuki

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Excavations from 2001 to 2003 at the prominent outcrop at Northwest Saqqara have provided new evidence of activities at the site prior to the New Kingdom. The work revealed an early Old Kingdom layered stone structure and its substructure. Although the structure resembles a tomb due to the presence of a stone portcullis sealing the subterranean chamber, the finds from the substructure consist of a number of votive objects comparable to early temple deposits from Abydos, Hierakonpolis, Elephantine, and Tell Ibrahim Awad. Because the votive objects mainly date to the Early Dynastic Period, it is assumed that this area was venerated since then. The original substructure appears to have been reused in the Middle Kingdom, when another chamber was cut to the west of the shaft. In an area approximately 20 m to the northeast of the substructure on the slope of the outcrop, a rock-cut chamber was probably hewn at the same time. In the front area of the layered stone structure, extensive ceramic refuse deposits were found, indicating a vital cult activity in the Middle Kingdom. Presumably, this area was again a desert sanctuary associated with a goddess from the Twelfth Dynasty to the beginning of the Thirteenth Dynasty.

AB - Excavations from 2001 to 2003 at the prominent outcrop at Northwest Saqqara have provided new evidence of activities at the site prior to the New Kingdom. The work revealed an early Old Kingdom layered stone structure and its substructure. Although the structure resembles a tomb due to the presence of a stone portcullis sealing the subterranean chamber, the finds from the substructure consist of a number of votive objects comparable to early temple deposits from Abydos, Hierakonpolis, Elephantine, and Tell Ibrahim Awad. Because the votive objects mainly date to the Early Dynastic Period, it is assumed that this area was venerated since then. The original substructure appears to have been reused in the Middle Kingdom, when another chamber was cut to the west of the shaft. In an area approximately 20 m to the northeast of the substructure on the slope of the outcrop, a rock-cut chamber was probably hewn at the same time. In the front area of the layered stone structure, extensive ceramic refuse deposits were found, indicating a vital cult activity in the Middle Kingdom. Presumably, this area was again a desert sanctuary associated with a goddess from the Twelfth Dynasty to the beginning of the Thirteenth Dynasty.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=61449392557&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=61449392557&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 61

SP - 362

EP - 402

JO - Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archaologischen Instituts - Abteilung Kairo

JF - Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archaologischen Instituts - Abteilung Kairo

SN - 0342-1279

ER -