A score-based classification method for identifying Hardware-Trojans at gate-level netlists

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, digital ICs are often designed by outside vendors to reduce design costs in semiconductor industry, which may introduce severe risks that malicious attackers implement Hardware Trojans (HTs) on them. Since IC design phase generates only a single design result, an RT-level or gate-level netlist for example, we cannot assume an HT-free netlist or a Golden netlist and then it is too difficult to identify whether a generated netlist is HT-free or HT-inserted. In this paper, we propose a score-based classification method for identifying HT-free or HT-inserted gate-level netlists without using a Golden netlist. Our proposed method does not directly detect HTs themselves in a gate-level netlist but a net included in HTs, which is called Trojan net, instead. Firstly, we observe Trojan nets from several HT-inserted benchmarks and extract several their features. Secondly, we give scores to extracted Trojan net features and sum up them for each net in benchmarks. Then we can find out a score threshold to classify HT-free and HT-inserted netlists. Based on these scores, we can successfully classify HT-free and HT-inserted netlists in all the Trust-HUB gate-level benchmarks. Experimental results demonstrate that our method successfully identify all the HT-inserted gate-level benchmarks to be 'HT-inserted' and all the HT-free gate-level benchmarks to be 'HT-free' in approximately three hours for each benchmark.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings -Design, Automation and Test in Europe, DATE
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages465-470
Number of pages6
Volume2015-April
ISBN (Print)9783981537048
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 22
Event2015 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2015 - Grenoble, France
Duration: 2015 Mar 92015 Mar 13

Other

Other2015 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2015
CountryFrance
CityGrenoble
Period15/3/915/3/13

Keywords

  • classification
  • gate-level netlist
  • golden-IC free
  • hardware Trojans
  • identification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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