A semi-dynamical approach to the shock revival in core-collapse supernovae

Hiroki Nagakura, Yu Yamamoto, Shoichi Yamada

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We develop a new semi-dynamical method to study shock revival by neutrino heating in core-collapse supernovae. Our new approach is an extension of the previous studies that employ spherically symmetric, steady, shocked accretion flows together with the light-bulb approximation. The latter has been widely used in the supernova community for the phenomenological investigation of the criteria for successful supernova explosions. In the present approach, we get rid of the steady-state condition and take into account shock wave motions instead. We have in mind a scenario in which it is not the critical luminosity but the critical fluctuation generated by hydrodynamical instabilities such as standing accretion shock instability and neutrino-driven convection in the post-shock region that determines the onset of shock revival. After confirming that the new approach indeed captures the dynamics of revived shock wave qualitatively, we then apply the method to various initial conditions and find that there is a critical fluctuation for shock revival, which can be well fit by the following formula: f critksim; 0.8 × M × {1-(r sh/10 8 cm)}, where fcrit denotes the critical pressure fluctuation normalized by the unperturbed post-shock value. M in and r sh stand for the mass of the central compact object and the shock radius, respectively. The critical fluctuation decreases with the shock radius, whereas it increases with the mass of the central object. We discuss the possible implications of our results for three-dimensional effects on shock revival, which is currently controversial in the supernova community.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number123
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume765
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 10

    Fingerprint

    supernovae
    shock
    shock wave
    accretion
    explosion
    convection
    heating
    shock waves
    neutrinos
    radii
    critical pressure
    luminaires
    explosions
    method
    luminosity
    approximation
    effect

    Keywords

    • hydrodynamics
    • neutrinos
    • supernovae: general

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Space and Planetary Science
    • Astronomy and Astrophysics

    Cite this

    A semi-dynamical approach to the shock revival in core-collapse supernovae. / Nagakura, Hiroki; Yamamoto, Yu; Yamada, Shoichi.

    In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 765, No. 2, 123, 10.03.2013.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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