Diphenylsilylated double four-membered ring (D4R) spherosilicate possessing eight stable silanol groups ((R1R2(HO)SiO) 8Si8O12, R1 and R2 = Ph: PP(OH)-D4R) has been synthesized by silylation of D4R silicate ([Si 8O12]8-) with chloroethoxydiphenylsilane (ClSi(OEt)Ph2) followed by subsequent hydrolysis. PP(OH)-D4R solid is air stable for at least 1 week. Ethoxymethylphenylsilylated and ethoxydimethylsilylated D4R oligomers (R1R2(EtO)SiO) 8Si8O12, R1 = Me and R2 = Ph abbreviated as MP(OEt)-D4R and R1 and R2 = Me as MM(OEt)-D4R) do not provide spherosilicates possessing stable silanol groups and eventually gel (MP(OEt)-D4R-G and MM(OEt)-D4R-G, respectively) as hydrolyzed solutions dry. This suggests that bulky phenyl groups effectively stabilize terminal silanols. Although the PP(OH)-D4R silanols are stable, they can be trimethylsilylated or condensed to form Si-O-Si bonds by thermal-treatment. PP(OH)-D4R on a glass substrate cross-links upon heating. The structural periodicity and distance between D4R units in the heat-treated sample are higher and longer than those of MP(OEt)-D4R-G and MM(OEt)-D4R-G due to the steric effects of the bulky Ph groups. Additionally, the silica-based gel derived from PP(OH)-D4R also possesses a higher molecularly ordered structure than that derived from a mixture of Si(OEt)4 and Ph2Si(OEt) 2. This means that a building block approach is efficient for preparing molecularly ordered hybrid materials. The new spherosilicate possessing silanol groups will be a useful building block for preparation of various materials such as metallosilicates and mesostructured materials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry