A study of charged particle multiplicities in hadronic decays of the Z0

P. D. Acton, G. Alexander, J. Allison, P. P. Allport, K. J. Anderson, S. Arcelli, P. Ashton, A. Astbury, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, G. A. Bahan, J. T.M. Baines, A. H. Ball, J. Banks, G. J. Barker, R. J. Barlow, J. R. Batley, G. Beaudoin, A. Beck, J. BeckerT. Behnke, K. W. Bell, G. Bella, P. Berlich, S. Bethke, O. Biebel, U. Binder, I. J. Bloodworth, P. Bock, B. Boden, H. M. Bosch, S. Bougerolle, B. B. Brabson, H. Breuker, R. M. Brown, R. Brun, A. Buijs, H. J. Burckhart, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, P. E.L. Clarke, I. Cohen, W. J. Collins, J. E. Conboy, M. Cooper, M. Couch, M. Coupland, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, G. M. Dallavalle, S. De Jong, P. Debu, L. A. del Pozo, M. M. Deninno, A. Dieckmann, M. Dittmar, M. S. Dixit, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, D. J.P. Dumas, G. Eckerlin, P. A. Elcombe, P. G. Estabrooks, E. Etzion, F. Fabbri, M. Fincke-Keeler, H. M. Fischer, D. G. Fong, C. Fukunaga, A. Gaidot, O. Ganel, J. W. Gary, J. Gascon, R. F. McGowan, N. I. Geddes, C. Geich-Gimbel, S. W. Gensler, F. X. Gentit, G. Giacomelli, V. Gibson, W. R. Gibson, J. D. Gillies, J. Goldberg, M. J. Goodrick, W. Gorn, C. Grandi, F. C. Grant, J. Hagemann, G. G. Hanson, M. Hansroul, C. K. Hargrove, P. F. Harrison, J. Hart, P. M. Hattersley, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, E. Heflin, R. J. Hemingway, R. D. Heuer, J. C. Hill, S. J. Hillier, D. A. Hinshaw, C. Ho, J. D. Hobbs, P. R. Hobson, D. Hochman, B. Holl, R. J. Homer, A. K. Honma, S. R. Hou, C. P. Howarth, R. E. Hughes-Jones, R. Humbert, P. Igo-Kemenes, H. Ihssen, D. C. Imrie, A. C. Janissen, A. Jawahery, P. W. Jeffreys, H. Jeremie, M. Jimack, M. Jobes, R. W.L. Jones, P. Jovanovic, D. Karlen, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, C. Kleinwort, D. E. Klem, T. Kobayashi, T. P. Kokott, Sachio Komamiya, L. Köpke, J. F. Kral, R. Kowalewski, H. Kreutzmann, J. von Krogh, J. Kroll, M. Kuwano, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, F. Lamarche, W. J. Larson, J. G. Layter, P. Le Du, P. Leblanc, A. M. Lee, M. H. Lehto, D. Lellouch, P. Lennert, C. Leroy, J. Letts, S. Levegrün, L. Levinson, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, J. M. Lorah, B. Lorazo, M. J. Losty, X. C. Lou, J. Ludwig, M. Mannelli, S. Marcellini, G. Maringer, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, U. Maur, J. McKenna, T. J. McMahon, J. R. McNutt, F. Meijers, D. Menszner, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, A. Michelini, R. P. Middleton, G. Mikenberg, J. Mildenberger, D. J. Miller, R. Mir, W. Mohr, C. Moisan, A. Montanari, T. Mori, M. W. Moss, T. Mouthuy, B. Nellen, H. H. Nguyen, M. Nozaki, S. W. O'Neale, B. P. O'Neill, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, M. Ogg, H. O. Ogren, H. Oh, C. J. Oram, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, J. P. Pansart, B. Panzer-Steindel, P. Paschievici, G. N. Patrick, S. J. Pawley, P. Pfister, J. E. Pilcher, J. L. Pinfold, D. Pitman, D. E. Plane, P. Poffenberger, B. Poli, A. Pouladdej, E. Prebys, T. W. Pritchard, H. Przysiezniak, G. Quast, M. W. Redmond, D. L. Rees, K. Riles, S. A. Robins, D. Robinson, A. Rollnik, J. M. Roney, E. Ros, S. Rossberg, A. M. Rossi, M. Rosvick, P. Routenburg, K. Runge, O. Runolfsson, D. R. Rust, S. Sanghera, M. Sasaki, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, W. Schappert, P. Scharff-Hansen, P. Schenk, H. von der Schmitt, S. Schreiber, J. Schwiening, W. G. Scott, M. Settles, B. C. Shen, P. Sherwood, R. Shypit, A. Simon, P. Singh, G. P. Siroli, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, T. J. Smith, G. A. Snow, R. Sobie, R. W. Springer, M. Sproston, K. Stephens, H. E. Stier, R. Ströhmer, D. Strom, H. Takeda, T. Takeshita, P. Taras, S. Tarem, P. Teixeira-Dias, N. J. Thackray, G. Transtromer, H. Tsukamoto, M. F. Turner, G. Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, D. Van den Plas, R. Van Kooten, G. J. VanDalen, G. Vasseur, C. J. Virtue, A. Wagner, C. Wahl, J. P. Walker, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, M. Weber, P. Weber, S. Weisz, P. S. Wells, N. Wermes, M. Weymann, M. A. Whalley, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, I. Wingerter, V. H. Winterer, N. C. Wood, S. Wotton, T. R. Wyatt, R. Yaari, Y. Yang, G. Yekutieli, M. Yurko, I. Zacharov, W. Zeuner, G. T. Zorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

110 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present an analysis of multiplicity distributions of charged particles produced in Z0 hadronic decays. The results are based on the analysis of 82941 events collected within 100 MeV of the Z0 peak energy with the OPAL detector at LEP. The charged particle multiplicity distribution, corrected for initial-state radiation and for detector acceptance and resolution, was found to have a mean 〈nch〉=21.40±0.02(stat.)±0.43(syst.) and a dispersion D=6.49±0.02(stat.)±0.20(syst.). The shape is well described by the Lognormal and Gamma distributions. A negative binomial parameterisation was found to describe the shape of the multiplicity distribution less well. A comparison with results obtained at lower energies confirms the validity of KNO(-G) scaling up to LEP energies. A separate analysis of events with low sphericity, typically associated with two-jet final states, shows the presence of features expected for models based on a stochastic production mechanism for particles. In all cases, the features observed in the data are well described by the Lund parton shower model JETSET.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-554
Number of pages16
JournalZeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

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Charged particles
charged particles
Detectors
decay
Parameterization
Radiation
radiation detectors
detectors
showers
parameterization
acceptability
partons
energy
scaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Acton, P. D., Alexander, G., Allison, J., Allport, P. P., Anderson, K. J., Arcelli, S., ... Zorn, G. T. (1992). A study of charged particle multiplicities in hadronic decays of the Z0 Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, 53(4), 539-554. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01559731

A study of charged particle multiplicities in hadronic decays of the Z0 . / Acton, P. D.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Allport, P. P.; Anderson, K. J.; Arcelli, S.; Ashton, P.; Astbury, A.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Bahan, G. A.; Baines, J. T.M.; Ball, A. H.; Banks, J.; Barker, G. J.; Barlow, R. J.; Batley, J. R.; Beaudoin, G.; Beck, A.; Becker, J.; Behnke, T.; Bell, K. W.; Bella, G.; Berlich, P.; Bethke, S.; Biebel, O.; Binder, U.; Bloodworth, I. J.; Bock, P.; Boden, B.; Bosch, H. M.; Bougerolle, S.; Brabson, B. B.; Breuker, H.; Brown, R. M.; Brun, R.; Buijs, A.; Burckhart, H. J.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R. K.; Carter, A. A.; Carter, J. R.; Chang, C. Y.; Charlton, D. G.; Clarke, P. E.L.; Cohen, I.; Collins, W. J.; Conboy, J. E.; Cooper, M.; Couch, M.; Coupland, M.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallavalle, G. M.; De Jong, S.; Debu, P.; del Pozo, L. A.; Deninno, M. M.; Dieckmann, A.; Dittmar, M.; Dixit, M. S.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I. P.; Dumas, D. J.P.; Eckerlin, G.; Elcombe, P. A.; Estabrooks, P. G.; Etzion, E.; Fabbri, F.; Fincke-Keeler, M.; Fischer, H. M.; Fong, D. G.; Fukunaga, C.; Gaidot, A.; Ganel, O.; Gary, J. W.; Gascon, J.; McGowan, R. F.; Geddes, N. I.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Gensler, S. W.; Gentit, F. X.; Giacomelli, G.; Gibson, V.; Gibson, W. R.; Gillies, J. D.; Goldberg, J.; Goodrick, M. J.; Gorn, W.; Grandi, C.; Grant, F. C.; Hagemann, J.; Hanson, G. G.; Hansroul, M.; Hargrove, C. K.; Harrison, P. F.; Hart, J.; Hattersley, P. M.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C. M.; Heflin, E.; Hemingway, R. J.; Heuer, R. D.; Hill, J. C.; Hillier, S. J.; Hinshaw, D. A.; Ho, C.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hobson, P. R.; Hochman, D.; Holl, B.; Homer, R. J.; Honma, A. K.; Hou, S. R.; Howarth, C. P.; Hughes-Jones, R. E.; Humbert, R.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Ihssen, H.; Imrie, D. C.; Janissen, A. C.; Jawahery, A.; Jeffreys, P. W.; Jeremie, H.; Jimack, M.; Jobes, M.; Jones, R. W.L.; Jovanovic, P.; Karlen, D.; Kawagoe, K.; Kawamoto, T.; Keeler, R. K.; Kellogg, R. G.; Kennedy, B. W.; Kleinwort, C.; Klem, D. E.; Kobayashi, T.; Kokott, T. P.; Komamiya, Sachio; Köpke, L.; Kral, J. F.; Kowalewski, R.; Kreutzmann, H.; von Krogh, J.; Kroll, J.; Kuwano, M.; Kyberd, P.; Lafferty, G. D.; Lamarche, F.; Larson, W. J.; Layter, J. G.; Le Du, P.; Leblanc, P.; Lee, A. M.; Lehto, M. H.; Lellouch, D.; Lennert, P.; Leroy, C.; Letts, J.; Levegrün, S.; Levinson, L.; Lloyd, S. L.; Loebinger, F. K.; Lorah, J. M.; Lorazo, B.; Losty, M. J.; Lou, X. C.; Ludwig, J.; Mannelli, M.; Marcellini, S.; Maringer, G.; Martin, A. J.; Martin, J. P.; Mashimo, T.; Mättig, P.; Maur, U.; McKenna, J.; McMahon, T. J.; McNutt, J. R.; Meijers, F.; Menszner, D.; Merritt, F. S.; Mes, H.; Michelini, A.; Middleton, R. P.; Mikenberg, G.; Mildenberger, J.; Miller, D. J.; Mir, R.; Mohr, W.; Moisan, C.; Montanari, A.; Mori, T.; Moss, M. W.; Mouthuy, T.; Nellen, B.; Nguyen, H. H.; Nozaki, M.; O'Neale, S. W.; O'Neill, B. P.; Oakham, F. G.; Odorici, F.; Ogg, M.; Ogren, H. O.; Oh, H.; Oram, C. J.; Oreglia, M. J.; Orito, S.; Pansart, J. P.; Panzer-Steindel, B.; Paschievici, P.; Patrick, G. N.; Pawley, S. J.; Pfister, P.; Pilcher, J. E.; Pinfold, J. L.; Pitman, D.; Plane, D. E.; Poffenberger, P.; Poli, B.; Pouladdej, A.; Prebys, E.; Pritchard, T. W.; Przysiezniak, H.; Quast, G.; Redmond, M. W.; Rees, D. L.; Riles, K.; Robins, S. A.; Robinson, D.; Rollnik, A.; Roney, J. M.; Ros, E.; Rossberg, S.; Rossi, A. M.; Rosvick, M.; Routenburg, P.; Runge, K.; Runolfsson, O.; Rust, D. R.; Sanghera, S.; Sasaki, M.; Schaile, A. D.; Schaile, O.; Schappert, W.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schenk, P.; von der Schmitt, H.; Schreiber, S.; Schwiening, J.; Scott, W. G.; Settles, M.; Shen, B. C.; Sherwood, P.; Shypit, R.; Simon, A.; Singh, P.; Siroli, G. P.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A. M.; Smith, T. J.; Snow, G. A.; Sobie, R.; Springer, R. W.; Sproston, M.; Stephens, K.; Stier, H. E.; Ströhmer, R.; Strom, D.; Takeda, H.; Takeshita, T.; Taras, P.; Tarem, S.; Teixeira-Dias, P.; Thackray, N. J.; Transtromer, G.; Tsukamoto, H.; Turner, M. F.; Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G.; Van den Plas, D.; Van Kooten, R.; VanDalen, G. J.; Vasseur, G.; Virtue, C. J.; Wagner, A.; Wahl, C.; Walker, J. P.; Ward, C. P.; Ward, D. R.; Watkins, P. M.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Weber, M.; Weber, P.; Weisz, S.; Wells, P. S.; Wermes, N.; Weymann, M.; Whalley, M. A.; Wilson, G. W.; Wilson, J. A.; Wingerter, I.; Winterer, V. H.; Wood, N. C.; Wotton, S.; Wyatt, T. R.; Yaari, R.; Yang, Y.; Yekutieli, G.; Yurko, M.; Zacharov, I.; Zeuner, W.; Zorn, G. T.

In: Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, Vol. 53, No. 4, 01.12.1992, p. 539-554.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Acton, PD, Alexander, G, Allison, J, Allport, PP, Anderson, KJ, Arcelli, S, Ashton, P, Astbury, A, Axen, D, Azuelos, G, Bahan, GA, Baines, JTM, Ball, AH, Banks, J, Barker, GJ, Barlow, RJ, Batley, JR, Beaudoin, G, Beck, A, Becker, J, Behnke, T, Bell, KW, Bella, G, Berlich, P, Bethke, S, Biebel, O, Binder, U, Bloodworth, IJ, Bock, P, Boden, B, Bosch, HM, Bougerolle, S, Brabson, BB, Breuker, H, Brown, RM, Brun, R, Buijs, A, Burckhart, HJ, Capiluppi, P, Carnegie, RK, Carter, AA, Carter, JR, Chang, CY, Charlton, DG, Clarke, PEL, Cohen, I, Collins, WJ, Conboy, JE, Cooper, M, Couch, M, Coupland, M, Cuffiani, M, Dado, S, Dallavalle, GM, De Jong, S, Debu, P, del Pozo, LA, Deninno, MM, Dieckmann, A, Dittmar, M, Dixit, MS, Duchovni, E, Duckeck, G, Duerdoth, IP, Dumas, DJP, Eckerlin, G, Elcombe, PA, Estabrooks, PG, Etzion, E, Fabbri, F, Fincke-Keeler, M, Fischer, HM, Fong, DG, Fukunaga, C, Gaidot, A, Ganel, O, Gary, JW, Gascon, J, McGowan, RF, Geddes, NI, Geich-Gimbel, C, Gensler, SW, Gentit, FX, Giacomelli, G, Gibson, V, Gibson, WR, Gillies, JD, Goldberg, J, Goodrick, MJ, Gorn, W, Grandi, C, Grant, FC, Hagemann, J, Hanson, GG, Hansroul, M, Hargrove, CK, Harrison, PF, Hart, J, Hattersley, PM, Hauschild, M, Hawkes, CM, Heflin, E, Hemingway, RJ, Heuer, RD, Hill, JC, Hillier, SJ, Hinshaw, DA, Ho, C, Hobbs, JD, Hobson, PR, Hochman, D, Holl, B, Homer, RJ, Honma, AK, Hou, SR, Howarth, CP, Hughes-Jones, RE, Humbert, R, Igo-Kemenes, P, Ihssen, H, Imrie, DC, Janissen, AC, Jawahery, A, Jeffreys, PW, Jeremie, H, Jimack, M, Jobes, M, Jones, RWL, Jovanovic, P, Karlen, D, Kawagoe, K, Kawamoto, T, Keeler, RK, Kellogg, RG, Kennedy, BW, Kleinwort, C, Klem, DE, Kobayashi, T, Kokott, TP, Komamiya, S, Köpke, L, Kral, JF, Kowalewski, R, Kreutzmann, H, von Krogh, J, Kroll, J, Kuwano, M, Kyberd, P, Lafferty, GD, Lamarche, F, Larson, WJ, Layter, JG, Le Du, P, Leblanc, P, Lee, AM, Lehto, MH, Lellouch, D, Lennert, P, Leroy, C, Letts, J, Levegrün, S, Levinson, L, Lloyd, SL, Loebinger, FK, Lorah, JM, Lorazo, B, Losty, MJ, Lou, XC, Ludwig, J, Mannelli, M, Marcellini, S, Maringer, G, Martin, AJ, Martin, JP, Mashimo, T, Mättig, P, Maur, U, McKenna, J, McMahon, TJ, McNutt, JR, Meijers, F, Menszner, D, Merritt, FS, Mes, H, Michelini, A, Middleton, RP, Mikenberg, G, Mildenberger, J, Miller, DJ, Mir, R, Mohr, W, Moisan, C, Montanari, A, Mori, T, Moss, MW, Mouthuy, T, Nellen, B, Nguyen, HH, Nozaki, M, O'Neale, SW, O'Neill, BP, Oakham, FG, Odorici, F, Ogg, M, Ogren, HO, Oh, H, Oram, CJ, Oreglia, MJ, Orito, S, Pansart, JP, Panzer-Steindel, B, Paschievici, P, Patrick, GN, Pawley, SJ, Pfister, P, Pilcher, JE, Pinfold, JL, Pitman, D, Plane, DE, Poffenberger, P, Poli, B, Pouladdej, A, Prebys, E, Pritchard, TW, Przysiezniak, H, Quast, G, Redmond, MW, Rees, DL, Riles, K, Robins, SA, Robinson, D, Rollnik, A, Roney, JM, Ros, E, Rossberg, S, Rossi, AM, Rosvick, M, Routenburg, P, Runge, K, Runolfsson, O, Rust, DR, Sanghera, S, Sasaki, M, Schaile, AD, Schaile, O, Schappert, W, Scharff-Hansen, P, Schenk, P, von der Schmitt, H, Schreiber, S, Schwiening, J, Scott, WG, Settles, M, Shen, BC, Sherwood, P, Shypit, R, Simon, A, Singh, P, Siroli, GP, Skuja, A, Smith, AM, Smith, TJ, Snow, GA, Sobie, R, Springer, RW, Sproston, M, Stephens, K, Stier, HE, Ströhmer, R, Strom, D, Takeda, H, Takeshita, T, Taras, P, Tarem, S, Teixeira-Dias, P, Thackray, NJ, Transtromer, G, Tsukamoto, H, Turner, MF, Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G, Van den Plas, D, Van Kooten, R, VanDalen, GJ, Vasseur, G, Virtue, CJ, Wagner, A, Wahl, C, Walker, JP, Ward, CP, Ward, DR, Watkins, PM, Watson, AT, Watson, NK, Weber, M, Weber, P, Weisz, S, Wells, PS, Wermes, N, Weymann, M, Whalley, MA, Wilson, GW, Wilson, JA, Wingerter, I, Winterer, VH, Wood, NC, Wotton, S, Wyatt, TR, Yaari, R, Yang, Y, Yekutieli, G, Yurko, M, Zacharov, I, Zeuner, W & Zorn, GT 1992, 'A study of charged particle multiplicities in hadronic decays of the Z0 ', Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 539-554. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01559731
Acton PD, Alexander G, Allison J, Allport PP, Anderson KJ, Arcelli S et al. A study of charged particle multiplicities in hadronic decays of the Z0 Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields. 1992 Dec 1;53(4):539-554. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01559731
Acton, P. D. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, J. ; Allport, P. P. ; Anderson, K. J. ; Arcelli, S. ; Ashton, P. ; Astbury, A. ; Axen, D. ; Azuelos, G. ; Bahan, G. A. ; Baines, J. T.M. ; Ball, A. H. ; Banks, J. ; Barker, G. J. ; Barlow, R. J. ; Batley, J. R. ; Beaudoin, G. ; Beck, A. ; Becker, J. ; Behnke, T. ; Bell, K. W. ; Bella, G. ; Berlich, P. ; Bethke, S. ; Biebel, O. ; Binder, U. ; Bloodworth, I. J. ; Bock, P. ; Boden, B. ; Bosch, H. M. ; Bougerolle, S. ; Brabson, B. B. ; Breuker, H. ; Brown, R. M. ; Brun, R. ; Buijs, A. ; Burckhart, H. J. ; Capiluppi, P. ; Carnegie, R. K. ; Carter, A. A. ; Carter, J. R. ; Chang, C. Y. ; Charlton, D. G. ; Clarke, P. E.L. ; Cohen, I. ; Collins, W. J. ; Conboy, J. E. ; Cooper, M. ; Couch, M. ; Coupland, M. ; Cuffiani, M. ; Dado, S. ; Dallavalle, G. M. ; De Jong, S. ; Debu, P. ; del Pozo, L. A. ; Deninno, M. M. ; Dieckmann, A. ; Dittmar, M. ; Dixit, M. S. ; Duchovni, E. ; Duckeck, G. ; Duerdoth, I. P. ; Dumas, D. J.P. ; Eckerlin, G. ; Elcombe, P. A. ; Estabrooks, P. G. ; Etzion, E. ; Fabbri, F. ; Fincke-Keeler, M. ; Fischer, H. M. ; Fong, D. G. ; Fukunaga, C. ; Gaidot, A. ; Ganel, O. ; Gary, J. W. ; Gascon, J. ; McGowan, R. F. ; Geddes, N. I. ; Geich-Gimbel, C. ; Gensler, S. W. ; Gentit, F. X. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Gibson, V. ; Gibson, W. R. ; Gillies, J. D. ; Goldberg, J. ; Goodrick, M. J. ; Gorn, W. ; Grandi, C. ; Grant, F. C. ; Hagemann, J. ; Hanson, G. G. ; Hansroul, M. ; Hargrove, C. K. ; Harrison, P. F. ; Hart, J. ; Hattersley, P. M. ; Hauschild, M. ; Hawkes, C. M. ; Heflin, E. ; Hemingway, R. J. ; Heuer, R. D. ; Hill, J. C. ; Hillier, S. J. ; Hinshaw, D. A. ; Ho, C. ; Hobbs, J. D. ; Hobson, P. R. ; Hochman, D. ; Holl, B. ; Homer, R. J. ; Honma, A. K. ; Hou, S. R. ; Howarth, C. P. ; Hughes-Jones, R. E. ; Humbert, R. ; Igo-Kemenes, P. ; Ihssen, H. ; Imrie, D. C. ; Janissen, A. C. ; Jawahery, A. ; Jeffreys, P. W. ; Jeremie, H. ; Jimack, M. ; Jobes, M. ; Jones, R. W.L. ; Jovanovic, P. ; Karlen, D. ; Kawagoe, K. ; Kawamoto, T. ; Keeler, R. K. ; Kellogg, R. G. ; Kennedy, B. W. ; Kleinwort, C. ; Klem, D. E. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Kokott, T. P. ; Komamiya, Sachio ; Köpke, L. ; Kral, J. F. ; Kowalewski, R. ; Kreutzmann, H. ; von Krogh, J. ; Kroll, J. ; Kuwano, M. ; Kyberd, P. ; Lafferty, G. D. ; Lamarche, F. ; Larson, W. J. ; Layter, J. G. ; Le Du, P. ; Leblanc, P. ; Lee, A. M. ; Lehto, M. H. ; Lellouch, D. ; Lennert, P. ; Leroy, C. ; Letts, J. ; Levegrün, S. ; Levinson, L. ; Lloyd, S. L. ; Loebinger, F. K. ; Lorah, J. M. ; Lorazo, B. ; Losty, M. J. ; Lou, X. C. ; Ludwig, J. ; Mannelli, M. ; Marcellini, S. ; Maringer, G. ; Martin, A. J. ; Martin, J. P. ; Mashimo, T. ; Mättig, P. ; Maur, U. ; McKenna, J. ; McMahon, T. J. ; McNutt, J. R. ; Meijers, F. ; Menszner, D. ; Merritt, F. S. ; Mes, H. ; Michelini, A. ; Middleton, R. P. ; Mikenberg, G. ; Mildenberger, J. ; Miller, D. J. ; Mir, R. ; Mohr, W. ; Moisan, C. ; Montanari, A. ; Mori, T. ; Moss, M. W. ; Mouthuy, T. ; Nellen, B. ; Nguyen, H. H. ; Nozaki, M. ; O'Neale, S. W. ; O'Neill, B. P. ; Oakham, F. G. ; Odorici, F. ; Ogg, M. ; Ogren, H. O. ; Oh, H. ; Oram, C. J. ; Oreglia, M. J. ; Orito, S. ; Pansart, J. P. ; Panzer-Steindel, B. ; Paschievici, P. ; Patrick, G. N. ; Pawley, S. J. ; Pfister, P. ; Pilcher, J. E. ; Pinfold, J. L. ; Pitman, D. ; Plane, D. E. ; Poffenberger, P. ; Poli, B. ; Pouladdej, A. ; Prebys, E. ; Pritchard, T. W. ; Przysiezniak, H. ; Quast, G. ; Redmond, M. W. ; Rees, D. L. ; Riles, K. ; Robins, S. A. ; Robinson, D. ; Rollnik, A. ; Roney, J. M. ; Ros, E. ; Rossberg, S. ; Rossi, A. M. ; Rosvick, M. ; Routenburg, P. ; Runge, K. ; Runolfsson, O. ; Rust, D. R. ; Sanghera, S. ; Sasaki, M. ; Schaile, A. D. ; Schaile, O. ; Schappert, W. ; Scharff-Hansen, P. ; Schenk, P. ; von der Schmitt, H. ; Schreiber, S. ; Schwiening, J. ; Scott, W. G. ; Settles, M. ; Shen, B. C. ; Sherwood, P. ; Shypit, R. ; Simon, A. ; Singh, P. ; Siroli, G. P. ; Skuja, A. ; Smith, A. M. ; Smith, T. J. ; Snow, G. A. ; Sobie, R. ; Springer, R. W. ; Sproston, M. ; Stephens, K. ; Stier, H. E. ; Ströhmer, R. ; Strom, D. ; Takeda, H. ; Takeshita, T. ; Taras, P. ; Tarem, S. ; Teixeira-Dias, P. ; Thackray, N. J. ; Transtromer, G. ; Tsukamoto, H. ; Turner, M. F. ; Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G. ; Van den Plas, D. ; Van Kooten, R. ; VanDalen, G. J. ; Vasseur, G. ; Virtue, C. J. ; Wagner, A. ; Wahl, C. ; Walker, J. P. ; Ward, C. P. ; Ward, D. R. ; Watkins, P. M. ; Watson, A. T. ; Watson, N. K. ; Weber, M. ; Weber, P. ; Weisz, S. ; Wells, P. S. ; Wermes, N. ; Weymann, M. ; Whalley, M. A. ; Wilson, G. W. ; Wilson, J. A. ; Wingerter, I. ; Winterer, V. H. ; Wood, N. C. ; Wotton, S. ; Wyatt, T. R. ; Yaari, R. ; Yang, Y. ; Yekutieli, G. ; Yurko, M. ; Zacharov, I. ; Zeuner, W. ; Zorn, G. T. / A study of charged particle multiplicities in hadronic decays of the Z0 In: Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields. 1992 ; Vol. 53, No. 4. pp. 539-554.
@article{90720adb9b1c4da595b3f3156fe8f42c,
title = "A study of charged particle multiplicities in hadronic decays of the Z0",
abstract = "We present an analysis of multiplicity distributions of charged particles produced in Z0 hadronic decays. The results are based on the analysis of 82941 events collected within 100 MeV of the Z0 peak energy with the OPAL detector at LEP. The charged particle multiplicity distribution, corrected for initial-state radiation and for detector acceptance and resolution, was found to have a mean 〈nch〉=21.40±0.02(stat.)±0.43(syst.) and a dispersion D=6.49±0.02(stat.)±0.20(syst.). The shape is well described by the Lognormal and Gamma distributions. A negative binomial parameterisation was found to describe the shape of the multiplicity distribution less well. A comparison with results obtained at lower energies confirms the validity of KNO(-G) scaling up to LEP energies. A separate analysis of events with low sphericity, typically associated with two-jet final states, shows the presence of features expected for models based on a stochastic production mechanism for particles. In all cases, the features observed in the data are well described by the Lund parton shower model JETSET.",
author = "Acton, {P. D.} and G. Alexander and J. Allison and Allport, {P. P.} and Anderson, {K. J.} and S. Arcelli and P. Ashton and A. Astbury and D. Axen and G. Azuelos and Bahan, {G. A.} and Baines, {J. T.M.} and Ball, {A. H.} and J. Banks and Barker, {G. J.} and Barlow, {R. J.} and Batley, {J. R.} and G. Beaudoin and A. Beck and J. Becker and T. Behnke and Bell, {K. W.} and G. Bella and P. Berlich and S. Bethke and O. Biebel and U. Binder and Bloodworth, {I. J.} and P. Bock and B. Boden and Bosch, {H. M.} and S. Bougerolle and Brabson, {B. B.} and H. Breuker and Brown, {R. M.} and R. Brun and A. Buijs and Burckhart, {H. J.} and P. Capiluppi and Carnegie, {R. K.} and Carter, {A. A.} and Carter, {J. R.} and Chang, {C. Y.} and Charlton, {D. G.} and Clarke, {P. E.L.} and I. Cohen and Collins, {W. J.} and Conboy, {J. E.} and M. Cooper and M. Couch and M. Coupland and M. Cuffiani and S. Dado and Dallavalle, {G. M.} and {De Jong}, S. and P. Debu and {del Pozo}, {L. A.} and Deninno, {M. M.} and A. Dieckmann and M. Dittmar and Dixit, {M. S.} and E. Duchovni and G. Duckeck and Duerdoth, {I. P.} and Dumas, {D. J.P.} and G. Eckerlin and Elcombe, {P. A.} and Estabrooks, {P. G.} and E. Etzion and F. Fabbri and M. Fincke-Keeler and Fischer, {H. M.} and Fong, {D. G.} and C. Fukunaga and A. Gaidot and O. Ganel and Gary, {J. W.} and J. Gascon and McGowan, {R. F.} and Geddes, {N. I.} and C. Geich-Gimbel and Gensler, {S. W.} and Gentit, {F. X.} and G. Giacomelli and V. Gibson and Gibson, {W. R.} and Gillies, {J. D.} and J. Goldberg and Goodrick, {M. J.} and W. Gorn and C. Grandi and Grant, {F. C.} and J. Hagemann and Hanson, {G. G.} and M. Hansroul and Hargrove, {C. K.} and Harrison, {P. F.} and J. Hart and Hattersley, {P. M.} and M. Hauschild and Hawkes, {C. M.} and E. Heflin and Hemingway, {R. J.} and Heuer, {R. D.} and Hill, {J. C.} and Hillier, {S. J.} and Hinshaw, {D. A.} and C. Ho and Hobbs, {J. D.} and Hobson, {P. R.} and D. Hochman and B. Holl and Homer, {R. J.} and Honma, {A. K.} and Hou, {S. R.} and Howarth, {C. P.} and Hughes-Jones, {R. E.} and R. Humbert and P. Igo-Kemenes and H. Ihssen and Imrie, {D. C.} and Janissen, {A. C.} and A. Jawahery and Jeffreys, {P. W.} and H. Jeremie and M. Jimack and M. Jobes and Jones, {R. W.L.} and P. Jovanovic and D. Karlen and K. Kawagoe and T. Kawamoto and Keeler, {R. K.} and Kellogg, {R. G.} and Kennedy, {B. W.} and C. Kleinwort and Klem, {D. E.} and T. Kobayashi and Kokott, {T. P.} and Sachio Komamiya and L. K{\"o}pke and Kral, {J. F.} and R. Kowalewski and H. Kreutzmann and {von Krogh}, J. and J. Kroll and M. Kuwano and P. Kyberd and Lafferty, {G. D.} and F. Lamarche and Larson, {W. J.} and Layter, {J. G.} and {Le Du}, P. and P. Leblanc and Lee, {A. M.} and Lehto, {M. H.} and D. Lellouch and P. Lennert and C. Leroy and J. Letts and S. Levegr{\"u}n and L. Levinson and Lloyd, {S. L.} and Loebinger, {F. K.} and Lorah, {J. M.} and B. Lorazo and Losty, {M. J.} and Lou, {X. C.} and J. Ludwig and M. Mannelli and S. Marcellini and G. Maringer and Martin, {A. J.} and Martin, {J. P.} and T. Mashimo and P. M{\"a}ttig and U. Maur and J. McKenna and McMahon, {T. J.} and McNutt, {J. R.} and F. Meijers and D. Menszner and Merritt, {F. S.} and H. Mes and A. Michelini and Middleton, {R. P.} and G. Mikenberg and J. Mildenberger and Miller, {D. J.} and R. Mir and W. Mohr and C. Moisan and A. Montanari and T. Mori and Moss, {M. W.} and T. Mouthuy and B. Nellen and Nguyen, {H. H.} and M. Nozaki and O'Neale, {S. W.} and O'Neill, {B. P.} and Oakham, {F. G.} and F. Odorici and M. Ogg and Ogren, {H. O.} and H. Oh and Oram, {C. J.} and Oreglia, {M. J.} and S. Orito and Pansart, {J. P.} and B. Panzer-Steindel and P. Paschievici and Patrick, {G. N.} and Pawley, {S. J.} and P. Pfister and Pilcher, {J. E.} and Pinfold, {J. L.} and D. Pitman and Plane, {D. E.} and P. Poffenberger and B. Poli and A. Pouladdej and E. Prebys and Pritchard, {T. W.} and H. Przysiezniak and G. Quast and Redmond, {M. W.} and Rees, {D. L.} and K. Riles and Robins, {S. A.} and D. Robinson and A. Rollnik and Roney, {J. M.} and E. Ros and S. Rossberg and Rossi, {A. M.} and M. Rosvick and P. Routenburg and K. Runge and O. Runolfsson and Rust, {D. R.} and S. Sanghera and M. Sasaki and Schaile, {A. D.} and O. Schaile and W. Schappert and P. Scharff-Hansen and P. Schenk and {von der Schmitt}, H. and S. Schreiber and J. Schwiening and Scott, {W. G.} and M. Settles and Shen, {B. C.} and P. Sherwood and R. Shypit and A. Simon and P. Singh and Siroli, {G. P.} and A. Skuja and Smith, {A. M.} and Smith, {T. J.} and Snow, {G. A.} and R. Sobie and Springer, {R. W.} and M. Sproston and K. Stephens and Stier, {H. E.} and R. Str{\"o}hmer and D. Strom and H. Takeda and T. Takeshita and P. Taras and S. Tarem and P. Teixeira-Dias and Thackray, {N. J.} and G. Transtromer and H. Tsukamoto and Turner, {M. F.} and G. Tysarczyk-Niemeyer and {Van den Plas}, D. and {Van Kooten}, R. and VanDalen, {G. J.} and G. Vasseur and Virtue, {C. J.} and A. Wagner and C. Wahl and Walker, {J. P.} and Ward, {C. P.} and Ward, {D. R.} and Watkins, {P. M.} and Watson, {A. T.} and Watson, {N. K.} and M. Weber and P. Weber and S. Weisz and Wells, {P. S.} and N. Wermes and M. Weymann and Whalley, {M. A.} and Wilson, {G. W.} and Wilson, {J. A.} and I. Wingerter and Winterer, {V. H.} and Wood, {N. C.} and S. Wotton and Wyatt, {T. R.} and R. Yaari and Y. Yang and G. Yekutieli and M. Yurko and I. Zacharov and W. Zeuner and Zorn, {G. T.}",
year = "1992",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/BF01559731",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "539--554",
journal = "European Physical Journal C",
issn = "1434-6044",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A study of charged particle multiplicities in hadronic decays of the Z0

AU - Acton, P. D.

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Allison, J.

AU - Allport, P. P.

AU - Anderson, K. J.

AU - Arcelli, S.

AU - Ashton, P.

AU - Astbury, A.

AU - Axen, D.

AU - Azuelos, G.

AU - Bahan, G. A.

AU - Baines, J. T.M.

AU - Ball, A. H.

AU - Banks, J.

AU - Barker, G. J.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

AU - Batley, J. R.

AU - Beaudoin, G.

AU - Beck, A.

AU - Becker, J.

AU - Behnke, T.

AU - Bell, K. W.

AU - Bella, G.

AU - Berlich, P.

AU - Bethke, S.

AU - Biebel, O.

AU - Binder, U.

AU - Bloodworth, I. J.

AU - Bock, P.

AU - Boden, B.

AU - Bosch, H. M.

AU - Bougerolle, S.

AU - Brabson, B. B.

AU - Breuker, H.

AU - Brown, R. M.

AU - Brun, R.

AU - Buijs, A.

AU - Burckhart, H. J.

AU - Capiluppi, P.

AU - Carnegie, R. K.

AU - Carter, A. A.

AU - Carter, J. R.

AU - Chang, C. Y.

AU - Charlton, D. G.

AU - Clarke, P. E.L.

AU - Cohen, I.

AU - Collins, W. J.

AU - Conboy, J. E.

AU - Cooper, M.

AU - Couch, M.

AU - Coupland, M.

AU - Cuffiani, M.

AU - Dado, S.

AU - Dallavalle, G. M.

AU - De Jong, S.

AU - Debu, P.

AU - del Pozo, L. A.

AU - Deninno, M. M.

AU - Dieckmann, A.

AU - Dittmar, M.

AU - Dixit, M. S.

AU - Duchovni, E.

AU - Duckeck, G.

AU - Duerdoth, I. P.

AU - Dumas, D. J.P.

AU - Eckerlin, G.

AU - Elcombe, P. A.

AU - Estabrooks, P. G.

AU - Etzion, E.

AU - Fabbri, F.

AU - Fincke-Keeler, M.

AU - Fischer, H. M.

AU - Fong, D. G.

AU - Fukunaga, C.

AU - Gaidot, A.

AU - Ganel, O.

AU - Gary, J. W.

AU - Gascon, J.

AU - McGowan, R. F.

AU - Geddes, N. I.

AU - Geich-Gimbel, C.

AU - Gensler, S. W.

AU - Gentit, F. X.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Gibson, V.

AU - Gibson, W. R.

AU - Gillies, J. D.

AU - Goldberg, J.

AU - Goodrick, M. J.

AU - Gorn, W.

AU - Grandi, C.

AU - Grant, F. C.

AU - Hagemann, J.

AU - Hanson, G. G.

AU - Hansroul, M.

AU - Hargrove, C. K.

AU - Harrison, P. F.

AU - Hart, J.

AU - Hattersley, P. M.

AU - Hauschild, M.

AU - Hawkes, C. M.

AU - Heflin, E.

AU - Hemingway, R. J.

AU - Heuer, R. D.

AU - Hill, J. C.

AU - Hillier, S. J.

AU - Hinshaw, D. A.

AU - Ho, C.

AU - Hobbs, J. D.

AU - Hobson, P. R.

AU - Hochman, D.

AU - Holl, B.

AU - Homer, R. J.

AU - Honma, A. K.

AU - Hou, S. R.

AU - Howarth, C. P.

AU - Hughes-Jones, R. E.

AU - Humbert, R.

AU - Igo-Kemenes, P.

AU - Ihssen, H.

AU - Imrie, D. C.

AU - Janissen, A. C.

AU - Jawahery, A.

AU - Jeffreys, P. W.

AU - Jeremie, H.

AU - Jimack, M.

AU - Jobes, M.

AU - Jones, R. W.L.

AU - Jovanovic, P.

AU - Karlen, D.

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PY - 1992/12/1

Y1 - 1992/12/1

N2 - We present an analysis of multiplicity distributions of charged particles produced in Z0 hadronic decays. The results are based on the analysis of 82941 events collected within 100 MeV of the Z0 peak energy with the OPAL detector at LEP. The charged particle multiplicity distribution, corrected for initial-state radiation and for detector acceptance and resolution, was found to have a mean 〈nch〉=21.40±0.02(stat.)±0.43(syst.) and a dispersion D=6.49±0.02(stat.)±0.20(syst.). The shape is well described by the Lognormal and Gamma distributions. A negative binomial parameterisation was found to describe the shape of the multiplicity distribution less well. A comparison with results obtained at lower energies confirms the validity of KNO(-G) scaling up to LEP energies. A separate analysis of events with low sphericity, typically associated with two-jet final states, shows the presence of features expected for models based on a stochastic production mechanism for particles. In all cases, the features observed in the data are well described by the Lund parton shower model JETSET.

AB - We present an analysis of multiplicity distributions of charged particles produced in Z0 hadronic decays. The results are based on the analysis of 82941 events collected within 100 MeV of the Z0 peak energy with the OPAL detector at LEP. The charged particle multiplicity distribution, corrected for initial-state radiation and for detector acceptance and resolution, was found to have a mean 〈nch〉=21.40±0.02(stat.)±0.43(syst.) and a dispersion D=6.49±0.02(stat.)±0.20(syst.). The shape is well described by the Lognormal and Gamma distributions. A negative binomial parameterisation was found to describe the shape of the multiplicity distribution less well. A comparison with results obtained at lower energies confirms the validity of KNO(-G) scaling up to LEP energies. A separate analysis of events with low sphericity, typically associated with two-jet final states, shows the presence of features expected for models based on a stochastic production mechanism for particles. In all cases, the features observed in the data are well described by the Lund parton shower model JETSET.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0040103905&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0040103905&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF01559731

DO - 10.1007/BF01559731

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0040103905

VL - 53

SP - 539

EP - 554

JO - European Physical Journal C

JF - European Physical Journal C

SN - 1434-6044

IS - 4

ER -