A study of the electric charge distributions of quark and gluon jets in hadronic Z0 decays

P. D. Acton, G. Alexander, J. Allison, P. P. Allport, K. J. Anderson, S. Arcelli, A. Astbury, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, G. A. Bahan, J. T.M. Baines, A. H. Ball, J. Banks, R. J. Barlow, S. Barnett, J. R. Batley, G. Beaudoin, A. Beck, G. A. Beck, J. Becker & 293 others T. Behnke, K. W. Bell, G. Bella, P. Bentkowski, P. Berlich, S. Bethke, O. Biebel, U. Binder, I. J. Bloodworth, P. Bock, B. Boden, H. M. Bosch, H. Breuker, P. Bright-Thomas, R. M. Brown, A. Buijs, H. J. Burckhart, C. Burgard, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, S. L. Chu, P. E.L. Clarke, I. Cohen, J. C. Clayton, W. J. Collins, J. E. Conboy, M. Cooper, M. Coupland, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, G. M. Dallavalle, S. De Jong, L. A. del Pozo, H. Deng, A. Dieckmann, M. Dittmar, M. S. Dixit, E. do Couto e Silva, J. E. Duboscq, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, D. J.P. Dumas, P. A. Elcombe, P. G. Estabrooks, E. Etzion, H. G. Evans, F. Fabbri, M. Fierro, M. Fincke-Keeler, H. M. Fischer, D. G. Fong, M. Foucher, A. Gaidot, O. Ganel, J. W. Gary, J. Gascon, R. F. McGowan, N. I. Geddes, C. Geich-Gimbel, S. W. Gensler, F. X. Gentit, G. Giacomelli, R. Giacomelli, V. Gibson, W. R. Gibson, J. D. Gillies, J. Goldberg, M. J. Goodrick, W. Gorn, C. Grandi, F. C. Grant, J. Hagemann, G. G. Hanson, M. Hansroul, C. K. Hargrove, P. F. Harrison, J. Hart, P. M. Hattersley, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, E. Heflin, R. J. Hemingway, R. D. Heuer, J. C. Hill, S. J. Hillier, T. Hilse, D. A. Hinshaw, J. D. Hobbs, P. R. Hobson, D. Hochman, R. J. Homer, A. K. Honma, R. E. Hughes-Jones, R. Humbert, P. Igo-Kemenes, H. Ihssen, D. C. Imrie, A. C. Janissen, A. Jawahery, P. W. Jeffreys, H. Jeremie, M. Jimack, M. Jobes, R. W.L. Jones, P. Jovanovic, C. Jui, D. Karlen, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, S. Kluth, T. Kobayashi, D. S. Koetke, T. P. Kokott, Sachio Komamiya, L. Köpke, J. F. Kral, R. Kowalewski, J. von Krogh, J. Kroll, M. Kuwano, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, R. Lahmann, F. Lamarche, J. G. Layter, P. Leblanc, A. M. Lee, M. H. Lehto, D. Lellouch, C. Leroy, J. Letts, S. Levegrün, L. Levinson, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, J. M. Lorah, B. Lorazo, M. J. Losty, X. C. Lou, J. Ludwig, M. Mannelli, S. Marcellini, G. Maringer, C. Markus, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, U. Maur, J. McKenna, T. J. McMahon, J. R. McNutt, F. Meijers, D. Menszner, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, A. Michelini, R. P. Middleton, G. Mikenberg, J. Mildenberger, D. J. Miller, R. Mir, W. Mohr, C. Moisan, A. Montanari, T. Mori, T. Mouthuy, B. Nellen, H. H. Nguyen, M. Nozaki, S. W. O'Neale, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, H. O. Ogren, C. J. Oram, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, J. P. Pansart, B. Panzer-Steindel, P. Paschievici, G. N. Patrick, N. Paz-Jaoshvili, P. Pfister, J. E. Pilcher, J. Pinfold, D. Pitman, D. E. Plane, P. Poffenberger, B. Poli, A. Pouladdej, T. W. Pritchard, H. Przysiezniak, G. Quast, M. W. Redmond, D. L. Rees, G. E. Richards, D. Robinson, A. Rollnik, J. M. Roney, E. Ros, S. Rossberg, A. M. Rossi, M. Rosvick, P. Routenburg, K. Runge, O. Runolfsson, D. R. Rust, M. Sasaki, C. Sbarra, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, W. Schappert, P. Scharff-Hansen, P. Schenk, B. Schmitt, H. von der Schmitt, S. Schreiber, C. Schwick, J. Schwiening, W. G. Scott, M. Settles, T. G. Shears, B. C. Shen, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous, P. Sherwood, R. Shypit, A. Simon, P. Singh, G. P. Siroli, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, T. J. Smith, G. A. Snow, R. Sobie, R. W. Springer, M. Sproston, K. Stephens, J. Steuerer, R. Ströhmer, D. Strom, T. Takeshita, P. Taras, S. Tarem, M. Tecchio, P. Teixeira-Dias, N. Tesch, N. J. Thackray, M. A. Thomson, E. Torrente-Lujan, G. Transtromer, N. J. Tresilian, T. Tsukamoto, M. F. Turner, G. Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, D. Van den plas, R. Van Kooten, G. J. VanDalen, G. Vasseur, C. J. Virtue, A. Wagner, D. L. Wagner, C. Wahl, J. P. Walker, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, M. Weber, P. Weber, P. S. Wells, N. Wermes, M. A. Whalley, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, V. H. Winterer, T. Wlodek, S. Wotton, T. R. Wyatt, R. Yaari, A. Yeaman, G. Yekutieli, M. Yurko, W. Zeuner, G. T. Zorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A sample of three-jet events containing a lepton with high momentum and transverse momentum is selected from hadronic decays of the Z0. The presence of the lepton indicates the semi-leptonic decay of a bottom quark and allows us, in combination with energy ordering of the jets, to distinguish between quark and gluon jets. The sign of the lepton charge is used to identify jets originating from positively and negatively charged quarks, for the jets with the lepton and for the high energy jets. Defining the jet charge by summing the charge of the particles assigned to a jet, it is observed that the mean jet charge of the quark jets is incompatible with zero and that the sign of the jet charge corresponds to that expected from the charge of the primary quark. In contrast, the mean charge of the gluon jets is consistent with zero.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-532
Number of pages10
JournalPhysics Letters B
Volume302
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

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electric charge
charge distribution
quarks
decay
leptons
momentum
transverse momentum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Acton, P. D., Alexander, G., Allison, J., Allport, P. P., Anderson, K. J., Arcelli, S., ... Zorn, G. T. (1993). A study of the electric charge distributions of quark and gluon jets in hadronic Z0 decays. Physics Letters B, 302(4), 523-532. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(93)90437-M

A study of the electric charge distributions of quark and gluon jets in hadronic Z0 decays. / Acton, P. D.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Allport, P. P.; Anderson, K. J.; Arcelli, S.; Astbury, A.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Bahan, G. A.; Baines, J. T.M.; Ball, A. H.; Banks, J.; Barlow, R. J.; Barnett, S.; Batley, J. R.; Beaudoin, G.; Beck, A.; Beck, G. A.; Becker, J.; Behnke, T.; Bell, K. W.; Bella, G.; Bentkowski, P.; Berlich, P.; Bethke, S.; Biebel, O.; Binder, U.; Bloodworth, I. J.; Bock, P.; Boden, B.; Bosch, H. M.; Breuker, H.; Bright-Thomas, P.; Brown, R. M.; Buijs, A.; Burckhart, H. J.; Burgard, C.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R. K.; Carter, A. A.; Carter, J. R.; Chang, C. Y.; Charlton, D. G.; Chu, S. L.; Clarke, P. E.L.; Cohen, I.; Clayton, J. C.; Collins, W. J.; Conboy, J. E.; Cooper, M.; Coupland, M.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallavalle, G. M.; De Jong, S.; del Pozo, L. A.; Deng, H.; Dieckmann, A.; Dittmar, M.; Dixit, M. S.; do Couto e Silva, E.; Duboscq, J. E.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I. P.; Dumas, D. J.P.; Elcombe, P. A.; Estabrooks, P. G.; Etzion, E.; Evans, H. G.; Fabbri, F.; Fierro, M.; Fincke-Keeler, M.; Fischer, H. M.; Fong, D. G.; Foucher, M.; Gaidot, A.; Ganel, O.; Gary, J. W.; Gascon, J.; McGowan, R. F.; Geddes, N. I.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Gensler, S. W.; Gentit, F. X.; Giacomelli, G.; Giacomelli, R.; Gibson, V.; Gibson, W. R.; Gillies, J. D.; Goldberg, J.; Goodrick, M. J.; Gorn, W.; Grandi, C.; Grant, F. C.; Hagemann, J.; Hanson, G. G.; Hansroul, M.; Hargrove, C. K.; Harrison, P. F.; Hart, J.; Hattersley, P. M.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C. M.; Heflin, E.; Hemingway, R. J.; Heuer, R. D.; Hill, J. C.; Hillier, S. J.; Hilse, T.; Hinshaw, D. A.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hobson, P. R.; Hochman, D.; Homer, R. J.; Honma, A. K.; Hughes-Jones, R. E.; Humbert, R.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Ihssen, H.; Imrie, D. C.; Janissen, A. C.; Jawahery, A.; Jeffreys, P. W.; Jeremie, H.; Jimack, M.; Jobes, M.; Jones, R. W.L.; Jovanovic, P.; Jui, C.; Karlen, D.; Kawagoe, K.; Kawamoto, T.; Keeler, R. K.; Kellogg, R. G.; Kennedy, B. W.; Kluth, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Koetke, D. S.; Kokott, T. P.; Komamiya, Sachio; Köpke, L.; Kral, J. F.; Kowalewski, R.; von Krogh, J.; Kroll, J.; Kuwano, M.; Kyberd, P.; Lafferty, G. D.; Lahmann, R.; Lamarche, F.; Layter, J. G.; Leblanc, P.; Lee, A. M.; Lehto, M. H.; Lellouch, D.; Leroy, C.; Letts, J.; Levegrün, S.; Levinson, L.; Lloyd, S. L.; Loebinger, F. K.; Lorah, J. M.; Lorazo, B.; Losty, M. J.; Lou, X. C.; Ludwig, J.; Mannelli, M.; Marcellini, S.; Maringer, G.; Markus, C.; Martin, A. J.; Martin, J. P.; Mashimo, T.; Mättig, P.; Maur, U.; McKenna, J.; McMahon, T. J.; McNutt, J. R.; Meijers, F.; Menszner, D.; Merritt, F. S.; Mes, H.; Michelini, A.; Middleton, R. P.; Mikenberg, G.; Mildenberger, J.; Miller, D. J.; Mir, R.; Mohr, W.; Moisan, C.; Montanari, A.; Mori, T.; Mouthuy, T.; Nellen, B.; Nguyen, H. H.; Nozaki, M.; O'Neale, S. W.; Oakham, F. G.; Odorici, F.; Ogren, H. O.; Oram, C. J.; Oreglia, M. J.; Orito, S.; Pansart, J. P.; Panzer-Steindel, B.; Paschievici, P.; Patrick, G. N.; Paz-Jaoshvili, N.; Pfister, P.; Pilcher, J. E.; Pinfold, J.; Pitman, D.; Plane, D. E.; Poffenberger, P.; Poli, B.; Pouladdej, A.; Pritchard, T. W.; Przysiezniak, H.; Quast, G.; Redmond, M. W.; Rees, D. L.; Richards, G. E.; Robinson, D.; Rollnik, A.; Roney, J. M.; Ros, E.; Rossberg, S.; Rossi, A. M.; Rosvick, M.; Routenburg, P.; Runge, K.; Runolfsson, O.; Rust, D. R.; Sasaki, M.; Sbarra, C.; Schaile, A. D.; Schaile, O.; Schappert, W.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schenk, P.; Schmitt, B.; von der Schmitt, H.; Schreiber, S.; Schwick, C.; Schwiening, J.; Scott, W. G.; Settles, M.; Shears, T. G.; Shen, B. C.; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C. H.; Sherwood, P.; Shypit, R.; Simon, A.; Singh, P.; Siroli, G. P.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A. M.; Smith, T. J.; Snow, G. A.; Sobie, R.; Springer, R. W.; Sproston, M.; Stephens, K.; Steuerer, J.; Ströhmer, R.; Strom, D.; Takeshita, T.; Taras, P.; Tarem, S.; Tecchio, M.; Teixeira-Dias, P.; Tesch, N.; Thackray, N. J.; Thomson, M. A.; Torrente-Lujan, E.; Transtromer, G.; Tresilian, N. J.; Tsukamoto, T.; Turner, M. F.; Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G.; Van den plas, D.; Van Kooten, R.; VanDalen, G. J.; Vasseur, G.; Virtue, C. J.; Wagner, A.; Wagner, D. L.; Wahl, C.; Walker, J. P.; Ward, C. P.; Ward, D. R.; Watkins, P. M.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Weber, M.; Weber, P.; Wells, P. S.; Wermes, N.; Whalley, M. A.; Wilson, G. W.; Wilson, J. A.; Winterer, V. H.; Wlodek, T.; Wotton, S.; Wyatt, T. R.; Yaari, R.; Yeaman, A.; Yekutieli, G.; Yurko, M.; Zeuner, W.; Zorn, G. T.

In: Physics Letters B, Vol. 302, No. 4, 01.04.1993, p. 523-532.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Acton, PD, Alexander, G, Allison, J, Allport, PP, Anderson, KJ, Arcelli, S, Astbury, A, Axen, D, Azuelos, G, Bahan, GA, Baines, JTM, Ball, AH, Banks, J, Barlow, RJ, Barnett, S, Batley, JR, Beaudoin, G, Beck, A, Beck, GA, Becker, J, Behnke, T, Bell, KW, Bella, G, Bentkowski, P, Berlich, P, Bethke, S, Biebel, O, Binder, U, Bloodworth, IJ, Bock, P, Boden, B, Bosch, HM, Breuker, H, Bright-Thomas, P, Brown, RM, Buijs, A, Burckhart, HJ, Burgard, C, Capiluppi, P, Carnegie, RK, Carter, AA, Carter, JR, Chang, CY, Charlton, DG, Chu, SL, Clarke, PEL, Cohen, I, Clayton, JC, Collins, WJ, Conboy, JE, Cooper, M, Coupland, M, Cuffiani, M, Dado, S, Dallavalle, GM, De Jong, S, del Pozo, LA, Deng, H, Dieckmann, A, Dittmar, M, Dixit, MS, do Couto e Silva, E, Duboscq, JE, Duchovni, E, Duckeck, G, Duerdoth, IP, Dumas, DJP, Elcombe, PA, Estabrooks, PG, Etzion, E, Evans, HG, Fabbri, F, Fierro, M, Fincke-Keeler, M, Fischer, HM, Fong, DG, Foucher, M, Gaidot, A, Ganel, O, Gary, JW, Gascon, J, McGowan, RF, Geddes, NI, Geich-Gimbel, C, Gensler, SW, Gentit, FX, Giacomelli, G, Giacomelli, R, Gibson, V, Gibson, WR, Gillies, JD, Goldberg, J, Goodrick, MJ, Gorn, W, Grandi, C, Grant, FC, Hagemann, J, Hanson, GG, Hansroul, M, Hargrove, CK, Harrison, PF, Hart, J, Hattersley, PM, Hauschild, M, Hawkes, CM, Heflin, E, Hemingway, RJ, Heuer, RD, Hill, JC, Hillier, SJ, Hilse, T, Hinshaw, DA, Hobbs, JD, Hobson, PR, Hochman, D, Homer, RJ, Honma, AK, Hughes-Jones, RE, Humbert, R, Igo-Kemenes, P, Ihssen, H, Imrie, DC, Janissen, AC, Jawahery, A, Jeffreys, PW, Jeremie, H, Jimack, M, Jobes, M, Jones, RWL, Jovanovic, P, Jui, C, Karlen, D, Kawagoe, K, Kawamoto, T, Keeler, RK, Kellogg, RG, Kennedy, BW, Kluth, S, Kobayashi, T, Koetke, DS, Kokott, TP, Komamiya, S, Köpke, L, Kral, JF, Kowalewski, R, von Krogh, J, Kroll, J, Kuwano, M, Kyberd, P, Lafferty, GD, Lahmann, R, Lamarche, F, Layter, JG, Leblanc, P, Lee, AM, Lehto, MH, Lellouch, D, Leroy, C, Letts, J, Levegrün, S, Levinson, L, Lloyd, SL, Loebinger, FK, Lorah, JM, Lorazo, B, Losty, MJ, Lou, XC, Ludwig, J, Mannelli, M, Marcellini, S, Maringer, G, Markus, C, Martin, AJ, Martin, JP, Mashimo, T, Mättig, P, Maur, U, McKenna, J, McMahon, TJ, McNutt, JR, Meijers, F, Menszner, D, Merritt, FS, Mes, H, Michelini, A, Middleton, RP, Mikenberg, G, Mildenberger, J, Miller, DJ, Mir, R, Mohr, W, Moisan, C, Montanari, A, Mori, T, Mouthuy, T, Nellen, B, Nguyen, HH, Nozaki, M, O'Neale, SW, Oakham, FG, Odorici, F, Ogren, HO, Oram, CJ, Oreglia, MJ, Orito, S, Pansart, JP, Panzer-Steindel, B, Paschievici, P, Patrick, GN, Paz-Jaoshvili, N, Pfister, P, Pilcher, JE, Pinfold, J, Pitman, D, Plane, DE, Poffenberger, P, Poli, B, Pouladdej, A, Pritchard, TW, Przysiezniak, H, Quast, G, Redmond, MW, Rees, DL, Richards, GE, Robinson, D, Rollnik, A, Roney, JM, Ros, E, Rossberg, S, Rossi, AM, Rosvick, M, Routenburg, P, Runge, K, Runolfsson, O, Rust, DR, Sasaki, M, Sbarra, C, Schaile, AD, Schaile, O, Schappert, W, Scharff-Hansen, P, Schenk, P, Schmitt, B, von der Schmitt, H, Schreiber, S, Schwick, C, Schwiening, J, Scott, WG, Settles, M, Shears, TG, Shen, BC, Shepherd-Themistocleous, CH, Sherwood, P, Shypit, R, Simon, A, Singh, P, Siroli, GP, Skuja, A, Smith, AM, Smith, TJ, Snow, GA, Sobie, R, Springer, RW, Sproston, M, Stephens, K, Steuerer, J, Ströhmer, R, Strom, D, Takeshita, T, Taras, P, Tarem, S, Tecchio, M, Teixeira-Dias, P, Tesch, N, Thackray, NJ, Thomson, MA, Torrente-Lujan, E, Transtromer, G, Tresilian, NJ, Tsukamoto, T, Turner, MF, Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G, Van den plas, D, Van Kooten, R, VanDalen, GJ, Vasseur, G, Virtue, CJ, Wagner, A, Wagner, DL, Wahl, C, Walker, JP, Ward, CP, Ward, DR, Watkins, PM, Watson, AT, Watson, NK, Weber, M, Weber, P, Wells, PS, Wermes, N, Whalley, MA, Wilson, GW, Wilson, JA, Winterer, VH, Wlodek, T, Wotton, S, Wyatt, TR, Yaari, R, Yeaman, A, Yekutieli, G, Yurko, M, Zeuner, W & Zorn, GT 1993, 'A study of the electric charge distributions of quark and gluon jets in hadronic Z0 decays', Physics Letters B, vol. 302, no. 4, pp. 523-532. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(93)90437-M
Acton PD, Alexander G, Allison J, Allport PP, Anderson KJ, Arcelli S et al. A study of the electric charge distributions of quark and gluon jets in hadronic Z0 decays. Physics Letters B. 1993 Apr 1;302(4):523-532. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(93)90437-M
Acton, P. D. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, J. ; Allport, P. P. ; Anderson, K. J. ; Arcelli, S. ; Astbury, A. ; Axen, D. ; Azuelos, G. ; Bahan, G. A. ; Baines, J. T.M. ; Ball, A. H. ; Banks, J. ; Barlow, R. J. ; Barnett, S. ; Batley, J. R. ; Beaudoin, G. ; Beck, A. ; Beck, G. A. ; Becker, J. ; Behnke, T. ; Bell, K. W. ; Bella, G. ; Bentkowski, P. ; Berlich, P. ; Bethke, S. ; Biebel, O. ; Binder, U. ; Bloodworth, I. J. ; Bock, P. ; Boden, B. ; Bosch, H. M. ; Breuker, H. ; Bright-Thomas, P. ; Brown, R. M. ; Buijs, A. ; Burckhart, H. J. ; Burgard, C. ; Capiluppi, P. ; Carnegie, R. K. ; Carter, A. A. ; Carter, J. R. ; Chang, C. Y. ; Charlton, D. G. ; Chu, S. L. ; Clarke, P. E.L. ; Cohen, I. ; Clayton, J. C. ; Collins, W. J. ; Conboy, J. E. ; Cooper, M. ; Coupland, M. ; Cuffiani, M. ; Dado, S. ; Dallavalle, G. M. ; De Jong, S. ; del Pozo, L. A. ; Deng, H. ; Dieckmann, A. ; Dittmar, M. ; Dixit, M. S. ; do Couto e Silva, E. ; Duboscq, J. E. ; Duchovni, E. ; Duckeck, G. ; Duerdoth, I. P. ; Dumas, D. J.P. ; Elcombe, P. A. ; Estabrooks, P. G. ; Etzion, E. ; Evans, H. G. ; Fabbri, F. ; Fierro, M. ; Fincke-Keeler, M. ; Fischer, H. M. ; Fong, D. G. ; Foucher, M. ; Gaidot, A. ; Ganel, O. ; Gary, J. W. ; Gascon, J. ; McGowan, R. F. ; Geddes, N. I. ; Geich-Gimbel, C. ; Gensler, S. W. ; Gentit, F. X. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Giacomelli, R. ; Gibson, V. ; Gibson, W. R. ; Gillies, J. D. ; Goldberg, J. ; Goodrick, M. J. ; Gorn, W. ; Grandi, C. ; Grant, F. C. ; Hagemann, J. ; Hanson, G. G. ; Hansroul, M. ; Hargrove, C. K. ; Harrison, P. F. ; Hart, J. ; Hattersley, P. M. ; Hauschild, M. ; Hawkes, C. M. ; Heflin, E. ; Hemingway, R. J. ; Heuer, R. D. ; Hill, J. C. ; Hillier, S. J. ; Hilse, T. ; Hinshaw, D. A. ; Hobbs, J. D. ; Hobson, P. R. ; Hochman, D. ; Homer, R. J. ; Honma, A. K. ; Hughes-Jones, R. E. ; Humbert, R. ; Igo-Kemenes, P. ; Ihssen, H. ; Imrie, D. C. ; Janissen, A. C. ; Jawahery, A. ; Jeffreys, P. W. ; Jeremie, H. ; Jimack, M. ; Jobes, M. ; Jones, R. W.L. ; Jovanovic, P. ; Jui, C. ; Karlen, D. ; Kawagoe, K. ; Kawamoto, T. ; Keeler, R. K. ; Kellogg, R. G. ; Kennedy, B. W. ; Kluth, S. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Koetke, D. S. ; Kokott, T. P. ; Komamiya, Sachio ; Köpke, L. ; Kral, J. F. ; Kowalewski, R. ; von Krogh, J. ; Kroll, J. ; Kuwano, M. ; Kyberd, P. ; Lafferty, G. D. ; Lahmann, R. ; Lamarche, F. ; Layter, J. G. ; Leblanc, P. ; Lee, A. M. ; Lehto, M. H. ; Lellouch, D. ; Leroy, C. ; Letts, J. ; Levegrün, S. ; Levinson, L. ; Lloyd, S. L. ; Loebinger, F. K. ; Lorah, J. M. ; Lorazo, B. ; Losty, M. J. ; Lou, X. C. ; Ludwig, J. ; Mannelli, M. ; Marcellini, S. ; Maringer, G. ; Markus, C. ; Martin, A. J. ; Martin, J. P. ; Mashimo, T. ; Mättig, P. ; Maur, U. ; McKenna, J. ; McMahon, T. J. ; McNutt, J. R. ; Meijers, F. ; Menszner, D. ; Merritt, F. S. ; Mes, H. ; Michelini, A. ; Middleton, R. P. ; Mikenberg, G. ; Mildenberger, J. ; Miller, D. J. ; Mir, R. ; Mohr, W. ; Moisan, C. ; Montanari, A. ; Mori, T. ; Mouthuy, T. ; Nellen, B. ; Nguyen, H. H. ; Nozaki, M. ; O'Neale, S. W. ; Oakham, F. G. ; Odorici, F. ; Ogren, H. O. ; Oram, C. J. ; Oreglia, M. J. ; Orito, S. ; Pansart, J. P. ; Panzer-Steindel, B. ; Paschievici, P. ; Patrick, G. N. ; Paz-Jaoshvili, N. ; Pfister, P. ; Pilcher, J. E. ; Pinfold, J. ; Pitman, D. ; Plane, D. E. ; Poffenberger, P. ; Poli, B. ; Pouladdej, A. ; Pritchard, T. W. ; Przysiezniak, H. ; Quast, G. ; Redmond, M. W. ; Rees, D. L. ; Richards, G. E. ; Robinson, D. ; Rollnik, A. ; Roney, J. M. ; Ros, E. ; Rossberg, S. ; Rossi, A. M. ; Rosvick, M. ; Routenburg, P. ; Runge, K. ; Runolfsson, O. ; Rust, D. R. ; Sasaki, M. ; Sbarra, C. ; Schaile, A. D. ; Schaile, O. ; Schappert, W. ; Scharff-Hansen, P. ; Schenk, P. ; Schmitt, B. ; von der Schmitt, H. ; Schreiber, S. ; Schwick, C. ; Schwiening, J. ; Scott, W. G. ; Settles, M. ; Shears, T. G. ; Shen, B. C. ; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C. H. ; Sherwood, P. ; Shypit, R. ; Simon, A. ; Singh, P. ; Siroli, G. P. ; Skuja, A. ; Smith, A. M. ; Smith, T. J. ; Snow, G. A. ; Sobie, R. ; Springer, R. W. ; Sproston, M. ; Stephens, K. ; Steuerer, J. ; Ströhmer, R. ; Strom, D. ; Takeshita, T. ; Taras, P. ; Tarem, S. ; Tecchio, M. ; Teixeira-Dias, P. ; Tesch, N. ; Thackray, N. J. ; Thomson, M. A. ; Torrente-Lujan, E. ; Transtromer, G. ; Tresilian, N. J. ; Tsukamoto, T. ; Turner, M. F. ; Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G. ; Van den plas, D. ; Van Kooten, R. ; VanDalen, G. J. ; Vasseur, G. ; Virtue, C. J. ; Wagner, A. ; Wagner, D. L. ; Wahl, C. ; Walker, J. P. ; Ward, C. P. ; Ward, D. R. ; Watkins, P. M. ; Watson, A. T. ; Watson, N. K. ; Weber, M. ; Weber, P. ; Wells, P. S. ; Wermes, N. ; Whalley, M. A. ; Wilson, G. W. ; Wilson, J. A. ; Winterer, V. H. ; Wlodek, T. ; Wotton, S. ; Wyatt, T. R. ; Yaari, R. ; Yeaman, A. ; Yekutieli, G. ; Yurko, M. ; Zeuner, W. ; Zorn, G. T. / A study of the electric charge distributions of quark and gluon jets in hadronic Z0 decays. In: Physics Letters B. 1993 ; Vol. 302, No. 4. pp. 523-532.
@article{bebf35108f614fc4b24beb229344e87a,
title = "A study of the electric charge distributions of quark and gluon jets in hadronic Z0 decays",
abstract = "A sample of three-jet events containing a lepton with high momentum and transverse momentum is selected from hadronic decays of the Z0. The presence of the lepton indicates the semi-leptonic decay of a bottom quark and allows us, in combination with energy ordering of the jets, to distinguish between quark and gluon jets. The sign of the lepton charge is used to identify jets originating from positively and negatively charged quarks, for the jets with the lepton and for the high energy jets. Defining the jet charge by summing the charge of the particles assigned to a jet, it is observed that the mean jet charge of the quark jets is incompatible with zero and that the sign of the jet charge corresponds to that expected from the charge of the primary quark. In contrast, the mean charge of the gluon jets is consistent with zero.",
author = "Acton, {P. D.} and G. Alexander and J. Allison and Allport, {P. P.} and Anderson, {K. J.} and S. Arcelli and A. Astbury and D. Axen and G. Azuelos and Bahan, {G. A.} and Baines, {J. T.M.} and Ball, {A. H.} and J. Banks and Barlow, {R. J.} and S. Barnett and Batley, {J. R.} and G. Beaudoin and A. Beck and Beck, {G. A.} and J. Becker and T. Behnke and Bell, {K. W.} and G. Bella and P. Bentkowski and P. Berlich and S. Bethke and O. Biebel and U. Binder and Bloodworth, {I. J.} and P. Bock and B. Boden and Bosch, {H. M.} and H. Breuker and P. Bright-Thomas and Brown, {R. M.} and A. Buijs and Burckhart, {H. J.} and C. Burgard and P. Capiluppi and Carnegie, {R. K.} and Carter, {A. A.} and Carter, {J. R.} and Chang, {C. Y.} and Charlton, {D. G.} and Chu, {S. L.} and Clarke, {P. E.L.} and I. Cohen and Clayton, {J. C.} and Collins, {W. J.} and Conboy, {J. E.} and M. Cooper and M. Coupland and M. Cuffiani and S. Dado and Dallavalle, {G. M.} and {De Jong}, S. and {del Pozo}, {L. A.} and H. Deng and A. Dieckmann and M. Dittmar and Dixit, {M. S.} and {do Couto e Silva}, E. and Duboscq, {J. E.} and E. Duchovni and G. Duckeck and Duerdoth, {I. P.} and Dumas, {D. J.P.} and Elcombe, {P. A.} and Estabrooks, {P. G.} and E. Etzion and Evans, {H. G.} and F. Fabbri and M. Fierro and M. Fincke-Keeler and Fischer, {H. M.} and Fong, {D. G.} and M. Foucher and A. Gaidot and O. Ganel and Gary, {J. W.} and J. Gascon and McGowan, {R. F.} and Geddes, {N. I.} and C. Geich-Gimbel and Gensler, {S. W.} and Gentit, {F. X.} and G. Giacomelli and R. Giacomelli and V. Gibson and Gibson, {W. R.} and Gillies, {J. D.} and J. Goldberg and Goodrick, {M. J.} and W. Gorn and C. Grandi and Grant, {F. C.} and J. Hagemann and Hanson, {G. G.} and M. Hansroul and Hargrove, {C. K.} and Harrison, {P. F.} and J. Hart and Hattersley, {P. M.} and M. Hauschild and Hawkes, {C. M.} and E. Heflin and Hemingway, {R. J.} and Heuer, {R. D.} and Hill, {J. C.} and Hillier, {S. J.} and T. Hilse and Hinshaw, {D. A.} and Hobbs, {J. D.} and Hobson, {P. R.} and D. Hochman and Homer, {R. J.} and Honma, {A. K.} and Hughes-Jones, {R. E.} and R. Humbert and P. Igo-Kemenes and H. Ihssen and Imrie, {D. C.} and Janissen, {A. C.} and A. Jawahery and Jeffreys, {P. W.} and H. Jeremie and M. Jimack and M. Jobes and Jones, {R. W.L.} and P. Jovanovic and C. Jui and D. Karlen and K. Kawagoe and T. Kawamoto and Keeler, {R. K.} and Kellogg, {R. G.} and Kennedy, {B. W.} and S. Kluth and T. Kobayashi and Koetke, {D. S.} and Kokott, {T. P.} and Sachio Komamiya and L. K{\"o}pke and Kral, {J. F.} and R. Kowalewski and {von Krogh}, J. and J. Kroll and M. Kuwano and P. Kyberd and Lafferty, {G. D.} and R. Lahmann and F. Lamarche and Layter, {J. G.} and P. Leblanc and Lee, {A. M.} and Lehto, {M. H.} and D. Lellouch and C. Leroy and J. Letts and S. Levegr{\"u}n and L. Levinson and Lloyd, {S. L.} and Loebinger, {F. K.} and Lorah, {J. M.} and B. Lorazo and Losty, {M. J.} and Lou, {X. C.} and J. Ludwig and M. Mannelli and S. Marcellini and G. Maringer and C. Markus and Martin, {A. J.} and Martin, {J. P.} and T. Mashimo and P. M{\"a}ttig and U. Maur and J. McKenna and McMahon, {T. J.} and McNutt, {J. R.} and F. Meijers and D. Menszner and Merritt, {F. S.} and H. Mes and A. Michelini and Middleton, {R. P.} and G. Mikenberg and J. Mildenberger and Miller, {D. J.} and R. Mir and W. Mohr and C. Moisan and A. Montanari and T. Mori and T. Mouthuy and B. Nellen and Nguyen, {H. H.} and M. Nozaki and O'Neale, {S. W.} and Oakham, {F. G.} and F. Odorici and Ogren, {H. O.} and Oram, {C. J.} and Oreglia, {M. J.} and S. Orito and Pansart, {J. P.} and B. Panzer-Steindel and P. Paschievici and Patrick, {G. N.} and N. Paz-Jaoshvili and P. Pfister and Pilcher, {J. E.} and J. Pinfold and D. Pitman and Plane, {D. E.} and P. Poffenberger and B. Poli and A. Pouladdej and Pritchard, {T. W.} and H. Przysiezniak and G. Quast and Redmond, {M. W.} and Rees, {D. L.} and Richards, {G. E.} and D. Robinson and A. Rollnik and Roney, {J. M.} and E. Ros and S. Rossberg and Rossi, {A. M.} and M. Rosvick and P. Routenburg and K. Runge and O. Runolfsson and Rust, {D. R.} and M. Sasaki and C. Sbarra and Schaile, {A. D.} and O. Schaile and W. Schappert and P. Scharff-Hansen and P. Schenk and B. Schmitt and {von der Schmitt}, H. and S. Schreiber and C. Schwick and J. Schwiening and Scott, {W. G.} and M. Settles and Shears, {T. G.} and Shen, {B. C.} and Shepherd-Themistocleous, {C. H.} and P. Sherwood and R. Shypit and A. Simon and P. Singh and Siroli, {G. P.} and A. Skuja and Smith, {A. M.} and Smith, {T. J.} and Snow, {G. A.} and R. Sobie and Springer, {R. W.} and M. Sproston and K. Stephens and J. Steuerer and R. Str{\"o}hmer and D. Strom and T. Takeshita and P. Taras and S. Tarem and M. Tecchio and P. Teixeira-Dias and N. Tesch and Thackray, {N. J.} and Thomson, {M. A.} and E. Torrente-Lujan and G. Transtromer and Tresilian, {N. J.} and T. Tsukamoto and Turner, {M. F.} and G. Tysarczyk-Niemeyer and {Van den plas}, D. and {Van Kooten}, R. and VanDalen, {G. J.} and G. Vasseur and Virtue, {C. J.} and A. Wagner and Wagner, {D. L.} and C. Wahl and Walker, {J. P.} and Ward, {C. P.} and Ward, {D. R.} and Watkins, {P. M.} and Watson, {A. T.} and Watson, {N. K.} and M. Weber and P. Weber and Wells, {P. S.} and N. Wermes and Whalley, {M. A.} and Wilson, {G. W.} and Wilson, {J. A.} and Winterer, {V. H.} and T. Wlodek and S. Wotton and Wyatt, {T. R.} and R. Yaari and A. Yeaman and G. Yekutieli and M. Yurko and W. Zeuner and Zorn, {G. T.}",
year = "1993",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/0370-2693(93)90437-M",
language = "English",
volume = "302",
pages = "523--532",
journal = "Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics",
issn = "0370-2693",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A study of the electric charge distributions of quark and gluon jets in hadronic Z0 decays

AU - Acton, P. D.

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Allison, J.

AU - Allport, P. P.

AU - Anderson, K. J.

AU - Arcelli, S.

AU - Astbury, A.

AU - Axen, D.

AU - Azuelos, G.

AU - Bahan, G. A.

AU - Baines, J. T.M.

AU - Ball, A. H.

AU - Banks, J.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

AU - Barnett, S.

AU - Batley, J. R.

AU - Beaudoin, G.

AU - Beck, A.

AU - Beck, G. A.

AU - Becker, J.

AU - Behnke, T.

AU - Bell, K. W.

AU - Bella, G.

AU - Bentkowski, P.

AU - Berlich, P.

AU - Bethke, S.

AU - Biebel, O.

AU - Binder, U.

AU - Bloodworth, I. J.

AU - Bock, P.

AU - Boden, B.

AU - Bosch, H. M.

AU - Breuker, H.

AU - Bright-Thomas, P.

AU - Brown, R. M.

AU - Buijs, A.

AU - Burckhart, H. J.

AU - Burgard, C.

AU - Capiluppi, P.

AU - Carnegie, R. K.

AU - Carter, A. A.

AU - Carter, J. R.

AU - Chang, C. Y.

AU - Charlton, D. G.

AU - Chu, S. L.

AU - Clarke, P. E.L.

AU - Cohen, I.

AU - Clayton, J. C.

AU - Collins, W. J.

AU - Conboy, J. E.

AU - Cooper, M.

AU - Coupland, M.

AU - Cuffiani, M.

AU - Dado, S.

AU - Dallavalle, G. M.

AU - De Jong, S.

AU - del Pozo, L. A.

AU - Deng, H.

AU - Dieckmann, A.

AU - Dittmar, M.

AU - Dixit, M. S.

AU - do Couto e Silva, E.

AU - Duboscq, J. E.

AU - Duchovni, E.

AU - Duckeck, G.

AU - Duerdoth, I. P.

AU - Dumas, D. J.P.

AU - Elcombe, P. A.

AU - Estabrooks, P. G.

AU - Etzion, E.

AU - Evans, H. G.

AU - Fabbri, F.

AU - Fierro, M.

AU - Fincke-Keeler, M.

AU - Fischer, H. M.

AU - Fong, D. G.

AU - Foucher, M.

AU - Gaidot, A.

AU - Ganel, O.

AU - Gary, J. W.

AU - Gascon, J.

AU - McGowan, R. F.

AU - Geddes, N. I.

AU - Geich-Gimbel, C.

AU - Gensler, S. W.

AU - Gentit, F. X.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Giacomelli, R.

AU - Gibson, V.

AU - Gibson, W. R.

AU - Gillies, J. D.

AU - Goldberg, J.

AU - Goodrick, M. J.

AU - Gorn, W.

AU - Grandi, C.

AU - Grant, F. C.

AU - Hagemann, J.

AU - Hanson, G. G.

AU - Hansroul, M.

AU - Hargrove, C. K.

AU - Harrison, P. F.

AU - Hart, J.

AU - Hattersley, P. M.

AU - Hauschild, M.

AU - Hawkes, C. M.

AU - Heflin, E.

AU - Hemingway, R. J.

AU - Heuer, R. D.

AU - Hill, J. C.

AU - Hillier, S. J.

AU - Hilse, T.

AU - Hinshaw, D. A.

AU - Hobbs, J. D.

AU - Hobson, P. R.

AU - Hochman, D.

AU - Homer, R. J.

AU - Honma, A. K.

AU - Hughes-Jones, R. E.

AU - Humbert, R.

AU - Igo-Kemenes, P.

AU - Ihssen, H.

AU - Imrie, D. C.

AU - Janissen, A. C.

AU - Jawahery, A.

AU - Jeffreys, P. W.

AU - Jeremie, H.

AU - Jimack, M.

AU - Jobes, M.

AU - Jones, R. W.L.

AU - Jovanovic, P.

AU - Jui, C.

AU - Karlen, D.

AU - Kawagoe, K.

AU - Kawamoto, T.

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PY - 1993/4/1

Y1 - 1993/4/1

N2 - A sample of three-jet events containing a lepton with high momentum and transverse momentum is selected from hadronic decays of the Z0. The presence of the lepton indicates the semi-leptonic decay of a bottom quark and allows us, in combination with energy ordering of the jets, to distinguish between quark and gluon jets. The sign of the lepton charge is used to identify jets originating from positively and negatively charged quarks, for the jets with the lepton and for the high energy jets. Defining the jet charge by summing the charge of the particles assigned to a jet, it is observed that the mean jet charge of the quark jets is incompatible with zero and that the sign of the jet charge corresponds to that expected from the charge of the primary quark. In contrast, the mean charge of the gluon jets is consistent with zero.

AB - A sample of three-jet events containing a lepton with high momentum and transverse momentum is selected from hadronic decays of the Z0. The presence of the lepton indicates the semi-leptonic decay of a bottom quark and allows us, in combination with energy ordering of the jets, to distinguish between quark and gluon jets. The sign of the lepton charge is used to identify jets originating from positively and negatively charged quarks, for the jets with the lepton and for the high energy jets. Defining the jet charge by summing the charge of the particles assigned to a jet, it is observed that the mean jet charge of the quark jets is incompatible with zero and that the sign of the jet charge corresponds to that expected from the charge of the primary quark. In contrast, the mean charge of the gluon jets is consistent with zero.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=13844284193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=13844284193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0370-2693(93)90437-M

DO - 10.1016/0370-2693(93)90437-M

M3 - Article

VL - 302

SP - 523

EP - 532

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

IS - 4

ER -