A study on the development of the new method to evaluate the capacity of physical activity of daily living in the elderly. Reliability and validity of the rope working test for self-care evaluation

A. Maeda, Y. Oida, Y. Nishijima, T. Arao, T. Nagamatsu, K. Aoki, Y. Maher, H. Ebashi, H. Tsukamoto

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Abstract

We developed a rope working test to evaluate self-care ability in daily life for the elderly, and examined its reliability and validity. The subjects were 587 community-dwelling volunteers (185 males, 402 females) aged over 60. 1) Rope working test was useful as a field test for its simple utensils ease in test action, and instant outcome of the result. 2) Neither strong skews nor kurtsis in the distribution of the time measured was found in each age group. 3) The mean time in the second trial was significantly shorter than that of the first trial, but extremely high correlation coefficients of the measured values between the two trials were observed in both sexes. 4) Significant relationships between the measured values of the test and age were observed in male and female. 5) Significant relationships between the measured values of the test and the maximal angle of shoulder joint in abduction or extension motion were observed in both sexes. 6) Significant relationships between the time for whole action in rope working and the time for twirling the rope from heel to toe were found in both sexes, but no significant relationship between the time for whole action and time for stepping over the rope. These results show that the rope working test has the reliability end the validity to evaluate self-care ability in the elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalBulletin of the Physical Fitness Research Institute
Issue number84
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • elderly
  • physical activity of daily living
  • self-care evaluation test
  • the rope working test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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