A test of the focusing hypothesis for category judgment

An explanation using the mental-box model

Tsuyoshi Hatori, Kazuhisa Takemura, Satoshi Fujii, Takashi Ideno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper presents a new model of category judgment. The model hypothesizes that, when more attention is focused on a category, the psychological range of the category gets narrower (category-focusing hypothesis). We explain this hypothesis by using the metaphor of a "mental-box" model: the more attention that is focused on a mental box (i.e., a category set), the smaller the size of the box becomes (i.e., a cardinal number of the category set). The hypothesis was tested in an experiment (N = 40), where the focus of attention on prescribed verbal categories was manipulated. The obtained data gave support to the hypothesis: category-focusing effects were found in three experimental tasks (regarding the category of "food", "height", and "income"). The validity of the hypothesis was discussed based on the results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-140
Number of pages9
JournalShinrigaku Kenkyu
Volume82
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun

Fingerprint

Metaphor
Psychology
Food

Keywords

  • Category judgment
  • Category-focusing hypothesis
  • Mental-box model
  • Psychophysics
  • Social judgment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

A test of the focusing hypothesis for category judgment : An explanation using the mental-box model. / Hatori, Tsuyoshi; Takemura, Kazuhisa; Fujii, Satoshi; Ideno, Takashi.

In: Shinrigaku Kenkyu, Vol. 82, No. 2, 06.2011, p. 132-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hatori, Tsuyoshi ; Takemura, Kazuhisa ; Fujii, Satoshi ; Ideno, Takashi. / A test of the focusing hypothesis for category judgment : An explanation using the mental-box model. In: Shinrigaku Kenkyu. 2011 ; Vol. 82, No. 2. pp. 132-140.
@article{4459c8b852b942ab98768d34b1355861,
title = "A test of the focusing hypothesis for category judgment: An explanation using the mental-box model",
abstract = "This paper presents a new model of category judgment. The model hypothesizes that, when more attention is focused on a category, the psychological range of the category gets narrower (category-focusing hypothesis). We explain this hypothesis by using the metaphor of a {"}mental-box{"} model: the more attention that is focused on a mental box (i.e., a category set), the smaller the size of the box becomes (i.e., a cardinal number of the category set). The hypothesis was tested in an experiment (N = 40), where the focus of attention on prescribed verbal categories was manipulated. The obtained data gave support to the hypothesis: category-focusing effects were found in three experimental tasks (regarding the category of {"}food{"}, {"}height{"}, and {"}income{"}). The validity of the hypothesis was discussed based on the results.",
keywords = "Category judgment, Category-focusing hypothesis, Mental-box model, Psychophysics, Social judgment",
author = "Tsuyoshi Hatori and Kazuhisa Takemura and Satoshi Fujii and Takashi Ideno",
year = "2011",
month = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "82",
pages = "132--140",
journal = "Shinrigaku Kenkyu",
issn = "0021-5236",
publisher = "Japanese Psychological Association",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A test of the focusing hypothesis for category judgment

T2 - An explanation using the mental-box model

AU - Hatori, Tsuyoshi

AU - Takemura, Kazuhisa

AU - Fujii, Satoshi

AU - Ideno, Takashi

PY - 2011/6

Y1 - 2011/6

N2 - This paper presents a new model of category judgment. The model hypothesizes that, when more attention is focused on a category, the psychological range of the category gets narrower (category-focusing hypothesis). We explain this hypothesis by using the metaphor of a "mental-box" model: the more attention that is focused on a mental box (i.e., a category set), the smaller the size of the box becomes (i.e., a cardinal number of the category set). The hypothesis was tested in an experiment (N = 40), where the focus of attention on prescribed verbal categories was manipulated. The obtained data gave support to the hypothesis: category-focusing effects were found in three experimental tasks (regarding the category of "food", "height", and "income"). The validity of the hypothesis was discussed based on the results.

AB - This paper presents a new model of category judgment. The model hypothesizes that, when more attention is focused on a category, the psychological range of the category gets narrower (category-focusing hypothesis). We explain this hypothesis by using the metaphor of a "mental-box" model: the more attention that is focused on a mental box (i.e., a category set), the smaller the size of the box becomes (i.e., a cardinal number of the category set). The hypothesis was tested in an experiment (N = 40), where the focus of attention on prescribed verbal categories was manipulated. The obtained data gave support to the hypothesis: category-focusing effects were found in three experimental tasks (regarding the category of "food", "height", and "income"). The validity of the hypothesis was discussed based on the results.

KW - Category judgment

KW - Category-focusing hypothesis

KW - Mental-box model

KW - Psychophysics

KW - Social judgment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79961007339&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79961007339&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 82

SP - 132

EP - 140

JO - Shinrigaku Kenkyu

JF - Shinrigaku Kenkyu

SN - 0021-5236

IS - 2

ER -