A two-step etching route to ultrathin carbon nanosheets for high performance electrical double layer capacitors

Bing Ding, Jie Wang, Ya Wang, Zhi Chang, Gang Pang, Hui Dou, Xiaogang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) carbon materials have attracted intense research interest for electrical double layer capacitors (EDLCs) due to their high aspect ratio and large surface area. Herein, we propose an exfoliation-chlorination route for preparing ultrathin carbon nanosheets by using ternary layered carbide Ti3AlC2 as the precursor. Due to the large intersheet space of exfoliated layered carbide (MXene), the as-prepared carbon nanosheets exhibit a thickness of 3-4 nm and a large specific surface area of 1766 m2 g-1 with hierarchical porosity. These features significantly improve the ion-accessible surface area for charge storage and shorten the ion transport length in the thin dimension. As a result, the carbon nanosheets show a high specific capacitance (220 F g-1 at 0.5 A g-1), remarkable high power capability (79% capacitance retention at 20 A g-1) when measured in a symmetrical two-electrode configuration in an aqueous electrolyte. The method described in this work provides a new route to prepare 2D electrode materials from a bulk precursor, thus exploiting their full potential for EDLCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11136-11142
Number of pages7
JournalNanoscale
Volume8
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 7
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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