We developed a novel naphthalene derivative to function as a wide-energy-gap liquid organic semiconductor (LOS) host material for the limited range of liquid deep-blue light-emitting materials that have been developed to date. The naphthalene derivative 1-naphthaleneacetic acid 2-ethylhexyl ester (NLQ), which shows a low viscosity of 20 mPa·s at 25 °C, was synthesized as a LOS by introducing an ethylhexyl group into naphthalene. We doped 9,10-diphenylanthracene (DPA) into NLQ as a guest deep-blue dye. The highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy level of NLQ was estimated to be − 6.40 eV from photoelectron spectroscopy measurements in air. The energy gap of NLQ was estimated to be 4.08 eV from its absorption spectrum, indicating that NLQ has the widest energy gap of any such host material to date. The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy level of NLQ was calculated to be − 2.31 eV. Deep-blue electroluminescence emission in a liquid state was obtained by doping DPA into NLQ. Light emission could be achieved by a combination of Förster resonance energy transfer and direct recombination of trapped holes and electrons because the energy gap of DPA is straddled by the wider energy gap of NLQ.
- Liquid organic light-emitting diode
- Liquid organic semiconductor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics