Ab initio low-energy model of transition-metal-oxide heterostructure LaAlO 3/SrTiO 3

Motoaki Hirayama*, Takashi Miyake, Masatoshi Imada

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


We develop a multiscale ab initio scheme for correlated electrons (MACE) for transition-metal-oxide heterostructures, and determine the parameters of the low-energy effective model. By separating Ti t2g bands near the Fermi level from the global Kohn-Sham (KS) bands of LaAlO 3 (LAO)/SrTiO 3 (STO), which are highly entangled with each other, we are able to calculate the parameters of the low-energy effective model of the interface with the help of constrained random phase approximation (cRPA). The on-site energies of the Ti t 2g orbitals in the 1st layer is about 650 meV lower than those in the second layer. In the 1st layer, the transfer integral of the Ti t2g orbital is nearly the same as that of bulk STO, while the effective screened Coulomb interaction becomes about 10% larger than that of bulk STO. The differences in the parameters from bulk STO decrease rapidly with increasing distance from the interface. Our present versatile method enables us to derive effective ab initio low-energy models and to study interfaces of strongly correlated electron systems from first principles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number084708
Journaljournal of the physical society of japan
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug
Externally publishedYes


  • Constrained RPA method
  • Correlated-electron systems
  • Downfolding
  • Effective hamiltonian
  • First-principles calculation
  • Heterostructure
  • Interface
  • Two-dimensional electron systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Ab initio low-energy model of transition-metal-oxide heterostructure LaAlO 3/SrTiO 3'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this