Accelerated remediation of organochlorine pesticide-contaminated soils with phyto-Fenton approach: a field study

Trinh Dinh Tran*, Nhung Thi Dao, Rei Sasaki, Minh Binh Tu, Giang Huong Minh Dang, Han Gia Nguyen, Hieu Minh Dang, Cong Huu Vo, Yoshihiko Inigaki, Noi Van Nguyen, Yutaka Sakakibara

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Phytoremediation and advanced oxidation processes are among the most promising techniques for removing organic pollutants from soils. A field trial was performed for six months to evaluate the effect of nano-Fe3O4 on the degradation of organochlorine pesticide residues including Lindane, p,p′-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), p,p′-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), and p,p′-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane (DDD) in pesticide-contaminated soils in the presence of vetiver in Bac Giang province, Vietnam. Vetiver was planted in three zones with different nano-Fe3O4 concentrations. Soil samples from each zone were periodically collected to determine the remaining concentrations of selected organochlorine pesticides via gas chromatography–electron capture detector. Results indicated that the total DDT concentrations in the examined soil were 1.9–13 times higher than the permissible threshold level (10 µg g−1) established by the national technical regulation on pesticide residues in soil. The (p,p′-DDE + p,p′-DDD)/p,p′-DDT ratios ranged from 13.5 to 114, indicating the absence of recent inputs of technical DDTs at the study area. DDT dechlorination mainly occurred under aerobic pathways to form DDE. Furthermore, DDE degradation in soil was adequately described by the pseudo-first-order kinetics model (R2 > 0.892). In the presence of vetiver, the rate constants of DDE degradation were 0.264, 0.350, and 0.434 month−1 with 0, 25, and 100 mg kg−1 of added nano-Fe3O4, respectively, indicating that the degradation of DDE correlated positively with Fe3O4 concentration in the soil. Additionally, the presence of vetiver and nano-Fe3O4 in the soil increased DDT removal rates, which might be linked to the involvement of Fenton/Fenton-like reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3597-3608
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 1


  • Degradation kinetics
  • Gas chromatography
  • Organochlorine pesticide
  • Phyto-Fenton approach
  • Vetiver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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