Acceptance of new land-use activities by hmong and khmu ethnic groups: A case study in northern lao people’s democratic republic

Natsuko Kobayashi, Chaloun Bounithiphonh, Phonevilay Sichanthongthip, Chanhsamone Phongoudome, Motoshi Hiratsuka*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) to address climate change has historically included little evaluation of how heterogeneous local communities respond to REDD+ interventions and new land-use activities. We assessed differences in the acceptance of new land-use activities as a function of livelihoods of the Hmong and Khmu ethnic groups in northern Lao People’s Democratic Republic, where REDD+ was implemented between 2011 and 2018. Our socioeconomic data, collected by a questionnaire-based survey and focal group discussions, showed that the Hmong more effectively incorporated support from REDD+ than the Khmu because the Hmong owned grazing land. Our findings highlight the importance of understanding the capabilities and characteristics of each ethnic group when implementing new land-use activities (i.e., designing and implementing alternative livelihoods) within a target area to ensure distributional equity in heterogeneous communities. Such a consideration should be included in land-use policy and also be a part of the social safeguards in the land-use sector.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8
JournalForests
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Different capability
  • Ethnic groups
  • Income gap
  • Livestock raising
  • Reducing emissions
  • Rural area
  • Rural development
  • Shifting cultivation
  • Social equity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry

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