Access to public open space

Is distribution equitable across different socio-economic areas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During the past decade, the role of the built environment on physical activity has been well investigated by public health, transportation and urban design scholars and it has been shown that different aspects of the built environment can influence physical activity Public open spaces (POS) like parks have many health benefits and they can be important settings and destinations for having physical activity. Inequality in access to POS which may influence the amount of physical activity can be a reason for lower physical activity among deprived neighbourhoods. This paper aims to examine whether objective access to public open spaces (POS) like parks is equally across the different socio-economic status (SES) areas in the City of Melbourne. Objective access to POS was measured in network distance using geographic information systems (GIS) and area SES was obtained using the SEIFA (Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas) index. The results showed there was a significant difference in access to POS according to the SES areas. There was a significant negative correlation between the access to POS and the SES areas in which lower SES areas had poorer access to POS in comparison with the higher ones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-72
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urban and Environmental Engineering
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

economic area
public space
open space
physical activity
Economics
economics
Public health
urban design
Geographic information systems
distribution
socioeconomics
information system
public health
Health
health

Keywords

  • Accessibility
  • City
  • Inequality
  • Physical activity
  • Public open space

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Urban Studies

Cite this

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abstract = "During the past decade, the role of the built environment on physical activity has been well investigated by public health, transportation and urban design scholars and it has been shown that different aspects of the built environment can influence physical activity Public open spaces (POS) like parks have many health benefits and they can be important settings and destinations for having physical activity. Inequality in access to POS which may influence the amount of physical activity can be a reason for lower physical activity among deprived neighbourhoods. This paper aims to examine whether objective access to public open spaces (POS) like parks is equally across the different socio-economic status (SES) areas in the City of Melbourne. Objective access to POS was measured in network distance using geographic information systems (GIS) and area SES was obtained using the SEIFA (Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas) index. The results showed there was a significant difference in access to POS according to the SES areas. There was a significant negative correlation between the access to POS and the SES areas in which lower SES areas had poorer access to POS in comparison with the higher ones.",
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