Actinomadura violacea sp. Nov., a madurastatin a1-producing strain isolated from lichen in thailand

Pawina Kanchanasin, Wongsakorn Phongsopitanun, Masahiro Yuki, Takuji Kudo, Moriya Ohkuma, Takuji Nakashima, Somboon Tanasupawat*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An actinomycete strain, LCR2-06T, isolated from a lichen sample on rock collected from Chiang Rai Province (Pong Phra Bat Waterfall), Thailand, was characterized using a polyphasic approach. The strain grew at 25–45 °C, pH 6–11 and on International Streptomyces Project 2 agar plate with 5 % (w/v) NaCl. It contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diamino acid in whole-cell hydrolysates. Rhamnose, ribose, xylose, madurose, glucose and galactose were detected as whole-cell sugar hydrolysates. Mycolic acids were absent. The N-acyl type of muramic acid was acetyl. The strain contained C16: 0, TBSA 10-methyl C18: 0 and 2-hydroxy C16: 0 as the predominant fatty acids and MK-9(H6), MK-9(H4) and MK-9(H8) as the major menaquinones. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and unidentified phospholipid. The draft genome of strain LCR2-06T was closely related to Actinomadura barringtoniae TBRC 7225T (99.2 %), Actinomadura nitritigenes NBRC 15918T (98.8 %), Acti-nomadura montaniterrae TISTR 2400T (98.5 %) and Actinomadura physcomitrii JCM 33455T (97.9 %). The draft genome of LCR2-06T was 11.1 Mb with 10 588 coding sequences with an average G+C content of 72.7 mol%. Results of genomic analysis revealed that the ANIb and ANIm values between strain LCR2-06T and A. montaniterrae TISTR 2400T were 90.0 and 92.0 %, respectively. The digital DNA–DNA hybridization value was 43.9 % in comparison with the draft genome of A. montaniterrae TISTR 2400T. The strain produced an antibacterial compound active against Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633 and Kocuria rhizophila ATCC 9341. The results of taxonomic analysis suggested that strain LCR2-06T represented a novel species of the genus Actinomadura for which the name Actinomadura violacea sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LCR2-06T (=JCM 33065T =KCTC 49547T=NBRC 114810T=LMG 32136T=TISTR 2935T).

Original languageEnglish
Article number005126
JournalInternational journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
Volume71
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Actinomadura violacea
  • Lichen
  • Madurastatin
  • Polyphasic taxonomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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