Activated protein C prevents glutamate- and thrombin-induced activation of nuclear factor-κB in cultured hippocampal neurons

L. Gorbacheva, V. Pinelis, S. Ishiwata, S. Strukova, G. Reiser

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    22 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Brain injury is associated with neuroinflammation, neurodegeneration, and also blood coagulation with thrombin formation and generation of activated protein C (APC). We have previously shown that APC, a serine protease of hemostasis, at very low concentrations has protective effects in rat hippocampal and cortical neurons at glutamate-induced excitotoxicity through protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1) or endothelial receptor of protein C (EPCR)/PAR-1. The transcription factor nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) takes part in regulating neuronal survival in several pathological conditions. To elucidate the impact of NF-κB in APC-mediated cell survival, we investigated nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 at glutamate- or thrombin-induced toxicity in hippocampal neurons. We used immunoassay and immunostaining with confocal microscopy with anti-NF-κBp65 antibody. We show that APC at concentrations as low as 1-2 nM inhibits translocation of NF-κB p65 into the nucleus of cultured rat hippocampal neurons, induced by 100 μM glutamate or 50 nM thrombin (but not 10 nM). The blocking effect of APC on NF-κB p65 translocation was observed at 1 and 4 h after treatment of neurons with glutamate, when the NF-κBp 65 level in the nucleus was significantly above the basal level. Then we investigated whether the binding of APC to EPCR/PAR-1 is required to control NF-κB activation. Antibodies blocking PAR-1 (ATAP2) or EPCR (P-20) abolished the APC-induced decrease of nuclear level of NF-κB p65 at glutamate-induced toxicity, whereas control antibodies to PAR-1 (S-19) and EPCR (IgG) exerted no effect. Thus, we suggest that the activation of NF-κB in rat hippocampal neurons mediates the glutamate- and thrombin-activated cell death program, which is reduced by exposure of cells to APC. APC induces the reduction of the nuclear level of NF-κB p65 in hippocampal neurons at glutamate-induced excitotoxicity via binding to EPCR and subsequent PAR-1 activation and signaling.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1138-1146
    Number of pages9
    JournalNeuroscience
    Volume165
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010 Feb 17

    Fingerprint

    Complement Factor B
    Protein C
    Thrombin
    Glutamic Acid
    PAR-1 Receptor
    Neurons
    Blocking Antibodies
    Antibodies
    Serine Proteases
    Blood Coagulation
    Hemostasis
    Immunoassay
    Confocal Microscopy
    Brain Injuries
    Cell Survival
    Carrier Proteins
    Cell Death
    Transcription Factors
    Immunoglobulin G

    Keywords

    • activated protein C
    • excitotoxicity
    • neurons
    • nuclear factor κB
    • protease-activated receptor
    • thrombin

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neuroscience(all)

    Cite this

    Activated protein C prevents glutamate- and thrombin-induced activation of nuclear factor-κB in cultured hippocampal neurons. / Gorbacheva, L.; Pinelis, V.; Ishiwata, S.; Strukova, S.; Reiser, G.

    In: Neuroscience, Vol. 165, No. 4, 17.02.2010, p. 1138-1146.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Gorbacheva, L. ; Pinelis, V. ; Ishiwata, S. ; Strukova, S. ; Reiser, G. / Activated protein C prevents glutamate- and thrombin-induced activation of nuclear factor-κB in cultured hippocampal neurons. In: Neuroscience. 2010 ; Vol. 165, No. 4. pp. 1138-1146.
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    AU - Reiser, G.

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