Activation of central warm-sensitive neurons and the tail vasomotor response in rats during brain and scrotal thermal stimulation

Youzou Ishikawa, Teruo Nakayama, Kazuyuki Kanosue, Kiyoshi Matsumura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of preoptic and hypothalamic thermal stimulation on tail skin temperature were observed at different scrotal temperatures. The threshold hypothalamic temperature for tail vasodilation at a scrotal temperature of 40°C was significantly lower than that at a scrotal temperature of either 25°C or 33°C. The effects of scrotal thermal stimulation on tail skin vasodilated by higher hypothalamic temperatures were observed. Cooling the scrotum from 42 to 30°C invariably caused a rapid fall in tail temperature, whereas scrotal cooling from 30 to 25°C did not cause any significant change. Cooling of either the left or right half of the scrotum caused a similar fall in tail temperature. The temperature characteristics of the preoptic hypothalamic thermo-sensitive neurons were determined at scrotal temperatures of 32, 36 and 26°C. The firing rate of warm-sensitive neurons at a given hypothalamic temperature was highest at a scrotal temperature of 36°C, while that of cold-sensitive neurons was lowest at that temperature. The scrotal temperature range over which the number of neurons activated by scrotal warming increased rapidly was between 36 and 39°C when hypothalamic temperature was held at 36-37°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-227
Number of pages6
JournalPflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiology
Volume400
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1984 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Preoptic and hypothalamic area
  • Scrotum
  • Tail vasodilation
  • Thermoregulation
  • Warm-sensitive neuron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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