Active polymer gel actuators

Shingo Maeda, Yusuke Hara, Ryo Yoshida, Shuji Hashimoto

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    39 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Many kinds of stimuli-responsive polymer and gels have been developed and applied to biomimetic actuators or artificial muscles. Electroactive polymers that change shape when stimulated electrically seem to be particularly promising. In all cases, however, the mechanical motion is driven by external stimuli, for example, reversing the direction of electric field. On the other hand, many living organisms can generate an autonomous motion without external driving stimuli like self-beating of heart muscles. Here we show a novel biomimetic gel actuator that can walk spontaneously with a worm-like motion without switching of external stimuli. The self-oscillating motion is produced by dissipating chemical energy of oscillating reaction. Although the gel is completely composed of synthetic polymer, it shows autonomous motion as if it were alive.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)52-66
    Number of pages15
    JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
    Volume11
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan

    Fingerprint

    Polymers
    Actuators
    Gels
    actuators
    stimuli
    Biomimetics
    gels
    Muscle
    polymers
    biomimetics
    muscles
    electroactive polymers
    chemical energy
    Electric fields
    worms
    reversing
    organisms
    Myocardium
    Muscles
    electric fields

    Keywords

    • Oscillating reaction
    • Polymer actuator
    • Polymer gel

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Computer Science Applications
    • Molecular Biology
    • Catalysis
    • Inorganic Chemistry
    • Spectroscopy
    • Organic Chemistry
    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

    Cite this

    Maeda, S., Hara, Y., Yoshida, R., & Hashimoto, S. (2010). Active polymer gel actuators. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 11(1), 52-66. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms11010052

    Active polymer gel actuators. / Maeda, Shingo; Hara, Yusuke; Yoshida, Ryo; Hashimoto, Shuji.

    In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 1, 01.2010, p. 52-66.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Maeda, S, Hara, Y, Yoshida, R & Hashimoto, S 2010, 'Active polymer gel actuators', International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 52-66. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms11010052
    Maeda, Shingo ; Hara, Yusuke ; Yoshida, Ryo ; Hashimoto, Shuji. / Active polymer gel actuators. In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010 ; Vol. 11, No. 1. pp. 52-66.
    @article{0519d7b925174afd88433a0e3118bd75,
    title = "Active polymer gel actuators",
    abstract = "Many kinds of stimuli-responsive polymer and gels have been developed and applied to biomimetic actuators or artificial muscles. Electroactive polymers that change shape when stimulated electrically seem to be particularly promising. In all cases, however, the mechanical motion is driven by external stimuli, for example, reversing the direction of electric field. On the other hand, many living organisms can generate an autonomous motion without external driving stimuli like self-beating of heart muscles. Here we show a novel biomimetic gel actuator that can walk spontaneously with a worm-like motion without switching of external stimuli. The self-oscillating motion is produced by dissipating chemical energy of oscillating reaction. Although the gel is completely composed of synthetic polymer, it shows autonomous motion as if it were alive.",
    keywords = "Oscillating reaction, Polymer actuator, Polymer gel",
    author = "Shingo Maeda and Yusuke Hara and Ryo Yoshida and Shuji Hashimoto",
    year = "2010",
    month = "1",
    doi = "10.3390/ijms11010052",
    language = "English",
    volume = "11",
    pages = "52--66",
    journal = "International Journal of Molecular Sciences",
    issn = "1661-6596",
    publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
    number = "1",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Active polymer gel actuators

    AU - Maeda, Shingo

    AU - Hara, Yusuke

    AU - Yoshida, Ryo

    AU - Hashimoto, Shuji

    PY - 2010/1

    Y1 - 2010/1

    N2 - Many kinds of stimuli-responsive polymer and gels have been developed and applied to biomimetic actuators or artificial muscles. Electroactive polymers that change shape when stimulated electrically seem to be particularly promising. In all cases, however, the mechanical motion is driven by external stimuli, for example, reversing the direction of electric field. On the other hand, many living organisms can generate an autonomous motion without external driving stimuli like self-beating of heart muscles. Here we show a novel biomimetic gel actuator that can walk spontaneously with a worm-like motion without switching of external stimuli. The self-oscillating motion is produced by dissipating chemical energy of oscillating reaction. Although the gel is completely composed of synthetic polymer, it shows autonomous motion as if it were alive.

    AB - Many kinds of stimuli-responsive polymer and gels have been developed and applied to biomimetic actuators or artificial muscles. Electroactive polymers that change shape when stimulated electrically seem to be particularly promising. In all cases, however, the mechanical motion is driven by external stimuli, for example, reversing the direction of electric field. On the other hand, many living organisms can generate an autonomous motion without external driving stimuli like self-beating of heart muscles. Here we show a novel biomimetic gel actuator that can walk spontaneously with a worm-like motion without switching of external stimuli. The self-oscillating motion is produced by dissipating chemical energy of oscillating reaction. Although the gel is completely composed of synthetic polymer, it shows autonomous motion as if it were alive.

    KW - Oscillating reaction

    KW - Polymer actuator

    KW - Polymer gel

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=75349095911&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=75349095911&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.3390/ijms11010052

    DO - 10.3390/ijms11010052

    M3 - Article

    C2 - 20162001

    AN - SCOPUS:75349095911

    VL - 11

    SP - 52

    EP - 66

    JO - International Journal of Molecular Sciences

    JF - International Journal of Molecular Sciences

    SN - 1661-6596

    IS - 1

    ER -