Acute effects of aerobic exercise on cognitive function in older adults

Keita Kamijo, Yoichi Hayashi, Tomoaki Sakai, Tatsuhisa Yahiro, Kiyoji Tanaka, Yoshiaki Nishihira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

122 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study investigated the effects of acute aerobic exercise on cognitive brain functions of older adults. Twenty-four males (12 older and 12 younger adults) performed a modified flanker task during a baseline session (no exercise) and after light and moderate cycling exercise in counterbalanced order on different days while measures of task performance and the P3 component of an event-related brain potential were collected. The results indicated that, for both age groups, reaction time following moderate exercise was shorter relative to the other sessions, and P3 latencies following both light and moderate exercise were shorter compared with the baseline session. In contrast, P3 amplitude increased only following moderate exercise in younger adults. These findings suggest that light and moderate exercises improve cognitive function across the adult lifespan, although the mechanisms underlying the effects of observed acute aerobic exercise on cognitive function may be age dependent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-363
Number of pages8
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume64
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 May

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Cognition
Exercise
young adult
brain
life-span
age group
Light
event
Young Adult
performance
Brain
Task Performance and Analysis
Evoked Potentials
Reaction Time
Age Groups
time

Keywords

  • Acute aerobic exercise
  • Cognitive function
  • Event-related brain potentials (ERPs)
  • Older adults
  • P3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Acute effects of aerobic exercise on cognitive function in older adults. / Kamijo, Keita; Hayashi, Yoichi; Sakai, Tomoaki; Yahiro, Tatsuhisa; Tanaka, Kiyoji; Nishihira, Yoshiaki.

In: Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, Vol. 64, No. 3, 05.2009, p. 356-363.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kamijo, Keita ; Hayashi, Yoichi ; Sakai, Tomoaki ; Yahiro, Tatsuhisa ; Tanaka, Kiyoji ; Nishihira, Yoshiaki. / Acute effects of aerobic exercise on cognitive function in older adults. In: Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 2009 ; Vol. 64, No. 3. pp. 356-363.
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