Adsorption of Cd 2+ on carboxyl-terminated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles

Zhange Feng, Shun Zhu, Denis Ricardo Martins De Godoi, Anna Cristina S. Samia, Daniel Alberto Scherson

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Abstract

The affinity of Cd 2+ toward carboxyl-terminated species covalently bound to monodisperse superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, Fe 3O 4(np)-COOH, was investigated in situ in aqueous electrolytes using rotating disk electrode techniques. Strong evidence that the presence of dispersed Fe 3O 4(np)-COOH does not affect the diffusion limiting currents was obtained using negatively and positively charged redox active species in buffered aqueous media (pH = 7) devoid of Cd 2+. This finding made it possible to determine the concentration of unbound Cd 2+ in solutions containing dispersed Fe 3O 4(np)-COOH, 8 and 17 nm in diameter, directly from the Levich equation. The results obtained yielded Cd 2+ adsorption efficiencies of ∼20 μg of Cd/mg of Fe 3O 4(np)-COOH, which are among the highest reported in the literature employing ex situ methods. Desorption of Cd 2+ from Fe 3O 4(np)-COOH, as monitored by the same forced convection method, could be accomplished by lowering the pH, a process found to be highly reversible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3764-3770
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical chemistry
Volume84
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Apr 17
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

Cite this

Feng, Z., Zhu, S., Martins De Godoi, D. R., Samia, A. C. S., & Scherson, D. A. (2012). Adsorption of Cd 2+ on carboxyl-terminated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles. Analytical chemistry, 84(8), 3764-3770. https://doi.org/10.1021/ac300392k