Age- and athletic event-related differences in trunk muscularity in junior athletes: A comparison with the results for the senior athletes

Kayo Shitara, Yoichi Katsumata, Daisuke Kumagawa, Tatsuaki Ikeda, Yuichi Hirano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The purpose of this study was to examine the age- and athletic event-related differences in trunk muscularity among junior and senior athletes. The cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of the rectus abdominis, lateral abdominal muscle group, psoas major and erector spinae were determined on magnetic resonance imaging for 188 junior athletes aged 12-18 years and 164 senior athletes aged ≥ 19 years in six different athletic events (Male: archery, table tennis, Nordic combined, basketball, and wrestling; feMale: archery, table tennis, and gymnastics). To examine the age-related differences for each athletic event and sex, the subjects were classified into the following age groups: 12-15 years, 16-18 years and senior (≥ 19 years). The main results were as follows. 1) The magnitude relationships of trunk muscle CSA/height2 differed among the age groups by athletic event and muscle. 2) The values of CSA/height2 of the lateral abdominal muscle group and erector spinae were significantly larger in feMale gymnasts aged 12-15 years than in feMale athletes from the other athletic events. These results respectively indicated that 1) each trunk muscle has the potential to specifically develop according to the athletic events and 2) selective hypertrophy of the trunk muscles can be induced by training reflecting athletic event-specific characteristics in feMale junior high school athletes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-100
Number of pages14
JournalJapanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes



  • Age-related difference
  • Athletic event-related difference
  • Junior athlete
  • Muscle cross-sectional area of trunk
  • Senior athlete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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