The combined effects of aging and regular physical exercise was investigated on the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), lipid peroxidation, glutathione status, and the activity of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) in rat liver. A group of 24 male F344 rats was divided into the following categories: adult control (18 months), adult exercised (18 months), and aged control (28 months) and aged exercised (28 months). The ROS formation increased as a function of age and exercise training decreased the rate of ROS formation in the two age groups. Significant positive correlation was found between ROS production and lipid peroxidation (LIPOX). The reduced glutathione (GSH) level was higher and the oxidized glutathione (GSSG) level lower in exercised groups compared with the sedentary controls (P<0.05). An age-associated increase in NF-kappaB activity was attenuated by the regular exercise. The content of p50 and p65 subunits of NF-kappaB increased with age and decreased with exercise training. The content of inhibitory factor-kappaB was inversely related to NF-kappaB activation. Regular exercise-induced adaptive responses, including attenuation of an increase in ROS production, LIPOX level, NF-kappaB activation, and reduced GSH/GSSG ratio, appear to be capable, even in old age, of reducing increases in inflammatory and other detrimental consequences that are often associated with advancing age.
|Number of pages||2|
|Journal||The FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Apr|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology