Aging of poly(ether ether ketone) by heat and gamma rays — Its degradation mechanism and effects on mechanical, dielectric and thermal properties

Liuqing Yang, Yoshimichi Ohki, Naoshi Hirai, Shugo Hanada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In radiation research facility, where heat and radiation are two crucial factors inducing material degradation, highly stable materials are required. In the present work, various properties of poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK) exposed to heat and gamma rays in air are instrumentally investigated. If PEEK is aged by heat and gamma irradiation in air, chemical bond scission, oxidation, crosslinking, and char formation occur as competing mechanisms. The temperature plays a decisive role in degradation, while the irradiation accelerates it. The mechanical properties deteriorate much earlier than the dielectric properties with the progress of aging. This means that the mechanical properties can be an important condition monitoring factor compared to the dielectric properties for PEEK-insulated apparatus or cables. If PEEK is aged severely, its electrical conductivity increases dramatically, whereas both real and imaginary parts of complex dielectric permittivity decrease, showing a marked contrast to many industrially important polymeric insulating materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-128
Number of pages12
JournalPolymer Degradation and Stability
Volume142
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 1

Fingerprint

Polyether ether ketones
ketones
Gamma rays
Dielectric properties
dielectric properties
ethers
rays
Thermodynamic properties
thermodynamic properties
Aging of materials
mechanical properties
gamma rays
degradation
Degradation
heat
Mechanical properties
Irradiation
Radiation
Insulating materials
Chemical bonds

Keywords

  • Degradation
  • Dielectric property
  • Gamma rays
  • Mechanical strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Aging of poly(ether ether ketone) by heat and gamma rays — Its degradation mechanism and effects on mechanical, dielectric and thermal properties",
abstract = "In radiation research facility, where heat and radiation are two crucial factors inducing material degradation, highly stable materials are required. In the present work, various properties of poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK) exposed to heat and gamma rays in air are instrumentally investigated. If PEEK is aged by heat and gamma irradiation in air, chemical bond scission, oxidation, crosslinking, and char formation occur as competing mechanisms. The temperature plays a decisive role in degradation, while the irradiation accelerates it. The mechanical properties deteriorate much earlier than the dielectric properties with the progress of aging. This means that the mechanical properties can be an important condition monitoring factor compared to the dielectric properties for PEEK-insulated apparatus or cables. If PEEK is aged severely, its electrical conductivity increases dramatically, whereas both real and imaginary parts of complex dielectric permittivity decrease, showing a marked contrast to many industrially important polymeric insulating materials.",
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author = "Liuqing Yang and Yoshimichi Ohki and Naoshi Hirai and Shugo Hanada",
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T1 - Aging of poly(ether ether ketone) by heat and gamma rays — Its degradation mechanism and effects on mechanical, dielectric and thermal properties

AU - Yang, Liuqing

AU - Ohki, Yoshimichi

AU - Hirai, Naoshi

AU - Hanada, Shugo

PY - 2017/8/1

Y1 - 2017/8/1

N2 - In radiation research facility, where heat and radiation are two crucial factors inducing material degradation, highly stable materials are required. In the present work, various properties of poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK) exposed to heat and gamma rays in air are instrumentally investigated. If PEEK is aged by heat and gamma irradiation in air, chemical bond scission, oxidation, crosslinking, and char formation occur as competing mechanisms. The temperature plays a decisive role in degradation, while the irradiation accelerates it. The mechanical properties deteriorate much earlier than the dielectric properties with the progress of aging. This means that the mechanical properties can be an important condition monitoring factor compared to the dielectric properties for PEEK-insulated apparatus or cables. If PEEK is aged severely, its electrical conductivity increases dramatically, whereas both real and imaginary parts of complex dielectric permittivity decrease, showing a marked contrast to many industrially important polymeric insulating materials.

AB - In radiation research facility, where heat and radiation are two crucial factors inducing material degradation, highly stable materials are required. In the present work, various properties of poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK) exposed to heat and gamma rays in air are instrumentally investigated. If PEEK is aged by heat and gamma irradiation in air, chemical bond scission, oxidation, crosslinking, and char formation occur as competing mechanisms. The temperature plays a decisive role in degradation, while the irradiation accelerates it. The mechanical properties deteriorate much earlier than the dielectric properties with the progress of aging. This means that the mechanical properties can be an important condition monitoring factor compared to the dielectric properties for PEEK-insulated apparatus or cables. If PEEK is aged severely, its electrical conductivity increases dramatically, whereas both real and imaginary parts of complex dielectric permittivity decrease, showing a marked contrast to many industrially important polymeric insulating materials.

KW - Degradation

KW - Dielectric property

KW - Gamma rays

KW - Mechanical strength

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