Air tube formation at the freezing transition in nematic liquid crystals

C. Völtz, Y. Maeda, Yuka Tabe, H. Yokoyama

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A phenomenon is presented, which changes the shape of gas bubbles in liquid crystals and also creates long gas tubes. The system consists of air bubbles which are injected into a nematic liquid crystal host. The shape of these air bubbles changes from spherical to ellipsoidal by initiating freezing of the sample. Furthermore, long gas tubes are formed from the air which was formerly dissolved in the liquid crystal. The gas tubes are created by the progression of the crystalline-liquid interface. Their length can reach up to 40 times their diameter. The diameter of the tubes depends on the pressure applied to the system, as well as on the interface velocity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number031702
    JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
    Volume75
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007 Mar 7

    Fingerprint

    gas tubes
    Freezing
    Nematic Liquid Crystal
    freezing
    Tube
    bubbles
    liquid crystals
    Bubble
    tubes
    air
    Liquid Crystal
    progressions
    Progression
    Liquid
    liquids
    gases
    Gas

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
    • Mathematical Physics

    Cite this

    Air tube formation at the freezing transition in nematic liquid crystals. / Völtz, C.; Maeda, Y.; Tabe, Yuka; Yokoyama, H.

    In: Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, Vol. 75, No. 3, 031702, 07.03.2007.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{723092fdc2be43d39665fca847e9ce0f,
    title = "Air tube formation at the freezing transition in nematic liquid crystals",
    abstract = "A phenomenon is presented, which changes the shape of gas bubbles in liquid crystals and also creates long gas tubes. The system consists of air bubbles which are injected into a nematic liquid crystal host. The shape of these air bubbles changes from spherical to ellipsoidal by initiating freezing of the sample. Furthermore, long gas tubes are formed from the air which was formerly dissolved in the liquid crystal. The gas tubes are created by the progression of the crystalline-liquid interface. Their length can reach up to 40 times their diameter. The diameter of the tubes depends on the pressure applied to the system, as well as on the interface velocity.",
    author = "C. V{\"o}ltz and Y. Maeda and Yuka Tabe and H. Yokoyama",
    year = "2007",
    month = "3",
    day = "7",
    doi = "10.1103/PhysRevE.75.031702",
    language = "English",
    volume = "75",
    journal = "Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics",
    issn = "1063-651X",
    publisher = "American Physical Society",
    number = "3",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Air tube formation at the freezing transition in nematic liquid crystals

    AU - Völtz, C.

    AU - Maeda, Y.

    AU - Tabe, Yuka

    AU - Yokoyama, H.

    PY - 2007/3/7

    Y1 - 2007/3/7

    N2 - A phenomenon is presented, which changes the shape of gas bubbles in liquid crystals and also creates long gas tubes. The system consists of air bubbles which are injected into a nematic liquid crystal host. The shape of these air bubbles changes from spherical to ellipsoidal by initiating freezing of the sample. Furthermore, long gas tubes are formed from the air which was formerly dissolved in the liquid crystal. The gas tubes are created by the progression of the crystalline-liquid interface. Their length can reach up to 40 times their diameter. The diameter of the tubes depends on the pressure applied to the system, as well as on the interface velocity.

    AB - A phenomenon is presented, which changes the shape of gas bubbles in liquid crystals and also creates long gas tubes. The system consists of air bubbles which are injected into a nematic liquid crystal host. The shape of these air bubbles changes from spherical to ellipsoidal by initiating freezing of the sample. Furthermore, long gas tubes are formed from the air which was formerly dissolved in the liquid crystal. The gas tubes are created by the progression of the crystalline-liquid interface. Their length can reach up to 40 times their diameter. The diameter of the tubes depends on the pressure applied to the system, as well as on the interface velocity.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33847782916&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33847782916&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.75.031702

    DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.75.031702

    M3 - Article

    VL - 75

    JO - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

    JF - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

    SN - 1063-651X

    IS - 3

    M1 - 031702

    ER -