Alkylation of isobutane by 1-butene over H-beta zeolite in CSTR (Part 1) effects of zeolite-structures and synthesis methods on alkylation performance

Yasushi Sekine, Yo Suke Ichikawa, Yu Ichi Tajima, Keita Nakabayashi, Masahiko Matsukata, Eiichi Kikuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of zeolite structures on alkylation of isobutane with 1-butene were investigated in a batch reactor and in a continuously stirred tank reactor (CSTR) using the proton-form zeolites, H-ZSM-5, H-L, H-Y, and H- *BEA (beta). H-ZSM-5 and H-L zeolite catalysts were deactivated rapidly, whereas H-Y and H-*BEA zeolites retained catalytic activity for a long time in the CSTR, implying that zeolites with three-dimensional large pore systems are useful for preventing deactivation of the catalyst during alkylation of isobutane with 1-butene. H- *BEA synthesized using a dried-gel method (DGC-H-*BEA) showed the most stable activity among the various H-*BEA zeolites. The effects of the synthesis methods and zeolite characteristics were investigated using H-*BEA zeolite. Characterization using NH 3-TPD and pyridine-sorption monitored by FT-IR showed that high acid density and high Brønsted acid ratio promoted alkylation of isobutane with 1-butene over H-*BEA zeolite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-307
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of The Japan Petroleum Institute
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov 16

Keywords

  • Beta zeolite
  • Continuously stirred tank reactor
  • Isobutane alkylation
  • Zeolite catalyst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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