“All-in-one” in vitro selection of collagen-binding vascular endothelial growth factor

Shin Hye Park, Takanori Uzawa, Fumiyuki Hattori, Shuichi Ogino, Naoki Morimoto, Satoshi Tsuneda, Yoshihiro Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To enhance the therapeutic effect of growth factors, a powerful strategy is to direct their localization to damaged sites. To treat skin wounds and myocardial infarction, we selected vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) carrying binding affinity to collagen. A simple conjugation of a reported collagen-binding sequence and VEGF did not increase the collagen-binding affinity, indicating that the molecular interaction between the two proteins abolished collagen binding activity. Here, we present a new molecular evolution strategy, “all-in-one” in vitro selection, in which a collagen-binding VEGF (CB-VEGF) was directly identified from a random library consisting of random and VEGF sequences. As expected, the selected CB-VEGFs exhibited high binding affinity to collagen and maintained the same growth enhancement activity for endothelial cells as unmodified VEGF in solution. Furthermore, the selected CB-VEGF enhanced angiogenesis at skin wounds and infarcted myocardium. This study demonstrates that “all-in-one” in vitro selection is a novel strategy for the design of functional proteins for regenerative medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-278
Number of pages9
JournalBiomaterials
Volume161
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr

Keywords

  • Binding affinity
  • Collagen
  • In vitro selection
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials

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