All-solid-state potassium-selective electrode using double-layer film of polypyrrole/polyanion composite and plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) containing valinomycin

T. Momma, S. Komaba, M. Yamamoto, T. Osaka, S. Yamauchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

All-solid-state potassium-selective electrodes have been constructed on a Pt disk electrode using a double-layer film of polypyrrole/poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PPy/PSS) composite covered with a plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) membrane containing valinomycin. The lower composite layer is formed by electropolymerization of pyrrole in an aqueous solution containing poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate), and the upper PVC layer is formed by casting. The double-layer film electrode using this composite shows no overshoot and lower drift of the standard potential than both a single PVC-coated electrode and a double-layer electrode using polypyrrole doped with ClO4-. This is due to both the highly electrochemical activity of the lower PPy/PSS and the cation-exchange ability between the PPy/PSS and the potassium-selective membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)724-728
Number of pages5
JournalSensors and Actuators: B. Chemical
Volume25
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Apr

Keywords

  • Polymers
  • Polypyrrole
  • Potassium-selective electrodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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