AMADEUS the acoustic neutrino detection test system of the ANTARES deep-sea neutrino telescope

J. A. Aguilar, I. Al Samarai, A. Albert, M. Anghinolfi, G. Anton, S. Anvar, M. Ardid, A. C. Assis Jesus, T. Astraatmadja, J. J. Aubert, R. Auer, E. Barbarito, B. Baret, S. Basa, M. Bazzotti, V. Bertin, S. Biagi, C. Bigongiari, M. Bou-Cabo, M. C. Bouwhuis & 131 others A. Brown, J. Brunner, J. Busto, F. Camarena, A. Capone, C. Cârloganu, G. Carminati, J. Carr, B. Cassano, E. Castorina, V. Cavasinni, S. Cecchini, A. Ceres, Ph Charvis, T. Chiarusi, N. Chon Sen, M. Circella, R. Coniglione, H. Costantini, N. Cottini, P. Coyle, C. Curtil, G. De Bonis, M. P. Decowski, I. Dekeyser, A. Deschamps, C. Distefano, C. Donzaud, D. Dornic, D. Drouhin, T. Eberl, U. Emanuele, J. P. Ernenwein, S. Escoffier, F. Fehr, C. Fiorello, V. Flaminio, U. Fritsch, J. L. Fuda, P. Gay, G. Giacomelli, J. P. Gómez-Gonázlez, K. Graf, G. Guillard, G. Halladjian, G. Hallewell, H. Van Haren, A. J. Heijboer, E. Heine, Y. Hello, J. J. Hernndez-Rey, B. Herold, J. Ḧßl, M. De Jong, N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki, O. Kalekin, A. Kappes, U. Katz, P. Keller, P. Kooijman, C. Kopper, A. Kouchner, W. Kretschmer, R. Lahmann, P. Lamare, G. Lambard, G. Larosa, H. Laschinsky, H. Le Provost, D. Lefèvre, G. Lelaizant, G. Lim, D. Lo Presti, H. Loehner, S. Loucatos, F. Louis, F. Lucarelli, S. Mangano, M. Marcelin, A. Margiotta, J. A. Martinez-Mora, A. Mazure, M. Mongelli, T. Montaruli, M. Morganti, L. Moscoso, Holger Martin Motz, C. Naumann, M. Neff, R. Ostasch, D. Palioselitis, G. E. Pǎvǎlaş, P. Payre, J. Petrovic, N. Picot-Clemente, C. Picq, V. Popa, T. Pradier, E. Presani, C. Racca, A. Radu, C. Reed, G. Riccobene, C. Richardt, M. Rujoiu, M. Ruppi, G. V. Russo, F. Salesa, P. Sapienza, F. Schöck, J. P. Schuller, R. Shanidze, F. Simeone, M. Spurio, J. J M Steijger, Th Stolarczyk, M. Taiuti, C. Tamburini, L. Tasca, S. Toscano, B. Vallage, V. Van Elewyck, G. Vannoni, M. Vecchi, P. Vernin, G. Wijnker, E. De Wolf, H. Yepes, D. Zaborov, J. D. Zornoza, J. Zúñiga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The AMADEUS (ANTARES Modules for the Acoustic Detection Under the Sea) system which is described in this article aims at the investigation of techniques for acoustic detection of neutrinos in the deep sea. It is integrated into the ANTARES neutrino telescope in the Mediterranean Sea. Its acoustic sensors, installed at water depths between 2050 and 2300 m, employ piezo-electric elements for the broad-band recording of signals with frequencies ranging up to 125 kHz. The typical sensitivity of the sensors is around -145 dB re 1 V/μPa (including preamplifier). Completed in May 2008, AMADEUS consists of six "acoustic clusters", each comprising six acoustic sensors that are arranged at distances of roughly 1 m from each other. Two vertical mechanical structures (so-called lines) of the ANTARES detector host three acoustic clusters each. Spacings between the clusters range from 14.5 to 340 m. Each cluster contains custom-designed electronics boards to amplify and digitise the acoustic signals from the sensors. An on-shore computer cluster is used to process and filter the data stream and store the selected events. The daily volume of recorded data is about 10 GB. The system is operating continuously and automatically, requiring only little human intervention. AMADEUS allows for extensive studies of both transient signals and ambient noise in the deep sea, as well as signal correlations on several length scales and localisation of acoustic point sources. Thus the system is excellently suited to assess the background conditions for the measurement of the bipolar pulses expected to originate from neutrino interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-143
Number of pages16
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume626-627
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

sound detecting and ranging
Telescopes
neutrinos
modules
Acoustics
telescopes
acoustics
sensors
Sensors
Mediterranean Sea
water depth
preamplifiers
point sources
recording
spacing
broadband
filters
Printed circuit boards
sensitivity
detectors

Keywords

  • Acoustic neutrino detection
  • AMADEUS
  • ANTARES
  • Neutrino telescope
  • Thermo-acoustic model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

AMADEUS the acoustic neutrino detection test system of the ANTARES deep-sea neutrino telescope. / Aguilar, J. A.; Al Samarai, I.; Albert, A.; Anghinolfi, M.; Anton, G.; Anvar, S.; Ardid, M.; Assis Jesus, A. C.; Astraatmadja, T.; Aubert, J. J.; Auer, R.; Barbarito, E.; Baret, B.; Basa, S.; Bazzotti, M.; Bertin, V.; Biagi, S.; Bigongiari, C.; Bou-Cabo, M.; Bouwhuis, M. C.; Brown, A.; Brunner, J.; Busto, J.; Camarena, F.; Capone, A.; Cârloganu, C.; Carminati, G.; Carr, J.; Cassano, B.; Castorina, E.; Cavasinni, V.; Cecchini, S.; Ceres, A.; Charvis, Ph; Chiarusi, T.; Chon Sen, N.; Circella, M.; Coniglione, R.; Costantini, H.; Cottini, N.; Coyle, P.; Curtil, C.; De Bonis, G.; Decowski, M. P.; Dekeyser, I.; Deschamps, A.; Distefano, C.; Donzaud, C.; Dornic, D.; Drouhin, D.; Eberl, T.; Emanuele, U.; Ernenwein, J. P.; Escoffier, S.; Fehr, F.; Fiorello, C.; Flaminio, V.; Fritsch, U.; Fuda, J. L.; Gay, P.; Giacomelli, G.; Gómez-Gonázlez, J. P.; Graf, K.; Guillard, G.; Halladjian, G.; Hallewell, G.; Van Haren, H.; Heijboer, A. J.; Heine, E.; Hello, Y.; Hernndez-Rey, J. J.; Herold, B.; Ḧßl, J.; De Jong, M.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.; Kalekin, O.; Kappes, A.; Katz, U.; Keller, P.; Kooijman, P.; Kopper, C.; Kouchner, A.; Kretschmer, W.; Lahmann, R.; Lamare, P.; Lambard, G.; Larosa, G.; Laschinsky, H.; Le Provost, H.; Lefèvre, D.; Lelaizant, G.; Lim, G.; Lo Presti, D.; Loehner, H.; Loucatos, S.; Louis, F.; Lucarelli, F.; Mangano, S.; Marcelin, M.; Margiotta, A.; Martinez-Mora, J. A.; Mazure, A.; Mongelli, M.; Montaruli, T.; Morganti, M.; Moscoso, L.; Motz, Holger Martin; Naumann, C.; Neff, M.; Ostasch, R.; Palioselitis, D.; Pǎvǎlaş, G. E.; Payre, P.; Petrovic, J.; Picot-Clemente, N.; Picq, C.; Popa, V.; Pradier, T.; Presani, E.; Racca, C.; Radu, A.; Reed, C.; Riccobene, G.; Richardt, C.; Rujoiu, M.; Ruppi, M.; Russo, G. V.; Salesa, F.; Sapienza, P.; Schöck, F.; Schuller, J. P.; Shanidze, R.; Simeone, F.; Spurio, M.; Steijger, J. J M; Stolarczyk, Th; Taiuti, M.; Tamburini, C.; Tasca, L.; Toscano, S.; Vallage, B.; Van Elewyck, V.; Vannoni, G.; Vecchi, M.; Vernin, P.; Wijnker, G.; De Wolf, E.; Yepes, H.; Zaborov, D.; Zornoza, J. D.; Zúñiga, J.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 626-627, No. 1, 2011, p. 128-143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aguilar, JA, Al Samarai, I, Albert, A, Anghinolfi, M, Anton, G, Anvar, S, Ardid, M, Assis Jesus, AC, Astraatmadja, T, Aubert, JJ, Auer, R, Barbarito, E, Baret, B, Basa, S, Bazzotti, M, Bertin, V, Biagi, S, Bigongiari, C, Bou-Cabo, M, Bouwhuis, MC, Brown, A, Brunner, J, Busto, J, Camarena, F, Capone, A, Cârloganu, C, Carminati, G, Carr, J, Cassano, B, Castorina, E, Cavasinni, V, Cecchini, S, Ceres, A, Charvis, P, Chiarusi, T, Chon Sen, N, Circella, M, Coniglione, R, Costantini, H, Cottini, N, Coyle, P, Curtil, C, De Bonis, G, Decowski, MP, Dekeyser, I, Deschamps, A, Distefano, C, Donzaud, C, Dornic, D, Drouhin, D, Eberl, T, Emanuele, U, Ernenwein, JP, Escoffier, S, Fehr, F, Fiorello, C, Flaminio, V, Fritsch, U, Fuda, JL, Gay, P, Giacomelli, G, Gómez-Gonázlez, JP, Graf, K, Guillard, G, Halladjian, G, Hallewell, G, Van Haren, H, Heijboer, AJ, Heine, E, Hello, Y, Hernndez-Rey, JJ, Herold, B, Ḧßl, J, De Jong, M, Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N, Kalekin, O, Kappes, A, Katz, U, Keller, P, Kooijman, P, Kopper, C, Kouchner, A, Kretschmer, W, Lahmann, R, Lamare, P, Lambard, G, Larosa, G, Laschinsky, H, Le Provost, H, Lefèvre, D, Lelaizant, G, Lim, G, Lo Presti, D, Loehner, H, Loucatos, S, Louis, F, Lucarelli, F, Mangano, S, Marcelin, M, Margiotta, A, Martinez-Mora, JA, Mazure, A, Mongelli, M, Montaruli, T, Morganti, M, Moscoso, L, Motz, HM, Naumann, C, Neff, M, Ostasch, R, Palioselitis, D, Pǎvǎlaş, GE, Payre, P, Petrovic, J, Picot-Clemente, N, Picq, C, Popa, V, Pradier, T, Presani, E, Racca, C, Radu, A, Reed, C, Riccobene, G, Richardt, C, Rujoiu, M, Ruppi, M, Russo, GV, Salesa, F, Sapienza, P, Schöck, F, Schuller, JP, Shanidze, R, Simeone, F, Spurio, M, Steijger, JJM, Stolarczyk, T, Taiuti, M, Tamburini, C, Tasca, L, Toscano, S, Vallage, B, Van Elewyck, V, Vannoni, G, Vecchi, M, Vernin, P, Wijnker, G, De Wolf, E, Yepes, H, Zaborov, D, Zornoza, JD & Zúñiga, J 2011, 'AMADEUS the acoustic neutrino detection test system of the ANTARES deep-sea neutrino telescope', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 626-627, no. 1, pp. 128-143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2010.09.053
Aguilar, J. A. ; Al Samarai, I. ; Albert, A. ; Anghinolfi, M. ; Anton, G. ; Anvar, S. ; Ardid, M. ; Assis Jesus, A. C. ; Astraatmadja, T. ; Aubert, J. J. ; Auer, R. ; Barbarito, E. ; Baret, B. ; Basa, S. ; Bazzotti, M. ; Bertin, V. ; Biagi, S. ; Bigongiari, C. ; Bou-Cabo, M. ; Bouwhuis, M. C. ; Brown, A. ; Brunner, J. ; Busto, J. ; Camarena, F. ; Capone, A. ; Cârloganu, C. ; Carminati, G. ; Carr, J. ; Cassano, B. ; Castorina, E. ; Cavasinni, V. ; Cecchini, S. ; Ceres, A. ; Charvis, Ph ; Chiarusi, T. ; Chon Sen, N. ; Circella, M. ; Coniglione, R. ; Costantini, H. ; Cottini, N. ; Coyle, P. ; Curtil, C. ; De Bonis, G. ; Decowski, M. P. ; Dekeyser, I. ; Deschamps, A. ; Distefano, C. ; Donzaud, C. ; Dornic, D. ; Drouhin, D. ; Eberl, T. ; Emanuele, U. ; Ernenwein, J. P. ; Escoffier, S. ; Fehr, F. ; Fiorello, C. ; Flaminio, V. ; Fritsch, U. ; Fuda, J. L. ; Gay, P. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Gómez-Gonázlez, J. P. ; Graf, K. ; Guillard, G. ; Halladjian, G. ; Hallewell, G. ; Van Haren, H. ; Heijboer, A. J. ; Heine, E. ; Hello, Y. ; Hernndez-Rey, J. J. ; Herold, B. ; Ḧßl, J. ; De Jong, M. ; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N. ; Kalekin, O. ; Kappes, A. ; Katz, U. ; Keller, P. ; Kooijman, P. ; Kopper, C. ; Kouchner, A. ; Kretschmer, W. ; Lahmann, R. ; Lamare, P. ; Lambard, G. ; Larosa, G. ; Laschinsky, H. ; Le Provost, H. ; Lefèvre, D. ; Lelaizant, G. ; Lim, G. ; Lo Presti, D. ; Loehner, H. ; Loucatos, S. ; Louis, F. ; Lucarelli, F. ; Mangano, S. ; Marcelin, M. ; Margiotta, A. ; Martinez-Mora, J. A. ; Mazure, A. ; Mongelli, M. ; Montaruli, T. ; Morganti, M. ; Moscoso, L. ; Motz, Holger Martin ; Naumann, C. ; Neff, M. ; Ostasch, R. ; Palioselitis, D. ; Pǎvǎlaş, G. E. ; Payre, P. ; Petrovic, J. ; Picot-Clemente, N. ; Picq, C. ; Popa, V. ; Pradier, T. ; Presani, E. ; Racca, C. ; Radu, A. ; Reed, C. ; Riccobene, G. ; Richardt, C. ; Rujoiu, M. ; Ruppi, M. ; Russo, G. V. ; Salesa, F. ; Sapienza, P. ; Schöck, F. ; Schuller, J. P. ; Shanidze, R. ; Simeone, F. ; Spurio, M. ; Steijger, J. J M ; Stolarczyk, Th ; Taiuti, M. ; Tamburini, C. ; Tasca, L. ; Toscano, S. ; Vallage, B. ; Van Elewyck, V. ; Vannoni, G. ; Vecchi, M. ; Vernin, P. ; Wijnker, G. ; De Wolf, E. ; Yepes, H. ; Zaborov, D. ; Zornoza, J. D. ; Zúñiga, J. / AMADEUS the acoustic neutrino detection test system of the ANTARES deep-sea neutrino telescope. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 2011 ; Vol. 626-627, No. 1. pp. 128-143.
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title = "AMADEUS the acoustic neutrino detection test system of the ANTARES deep-sea neutrino telescope",
abstract = "The AMADEUS (ANTARES Modules for the Acoustic Detection Under the Sea) system which is described in this article aims at the investigation of techniques for acoustic detection of neutrinos in the deep sea. It is integrated into the ANTARES neutrino telescope in the Mediterranean Sea. Its acoustic sensors, installed at water depths between 2050 and 2300 m, employ piezo-electric elements for the broad-band recording of signals with frequencies ranging up to 125 kHz. The typical sensitivity of the sensors is around -145 dB re 1 V/μPa (including preamplifier). Completed in May 2008, AMADEUS consists of six {"}acoustic clusters{"}, each comprising six acoustic sensors that are arranged at distances of roughly 1 m from each other. Two vertical mechanical structures (so-called lines) of the ANTARES detector host three acoustic clusters each. Spacings between the clusters range from 14.5 to 340 m. Each cluster contains custom-designed electronics boards to amplify and digitise the acoustic signals from the sensors. An on-shore computer cluster is used to process and filter the data stream and store the selected events. The daily volume of recorded data is about 10 GB. The system is operating continuously and automatically, requiring only little human intervention. AMADEUS allows for extensive studies of both transient signals and ambient noise in the deep sea, as well as signal correlations on several length scales and localisation of acoustic point sources. Thus the system is excellently suited to assess the background conditions for the measurement of the bipolar pulses expected to originate from neutrino interactions.",
keywords = "Acoustic neutrino detection, AMADEUS, ANTARES, Neutrino telescope, Thermo-acoustic model",
author = "Aguilar, {J. A.} and {Al Samarai}, I. and A. Albert and M. Anghinolfi and G. Anton and S. Anvar and M. Ardid and {Assis Jesus}, {A. C.} and T. Astraatmadja and Aubert, {J. J.} and R. Auer and E. Barbarito and B. Baret and S. Basa and M. Bazzotti and V. Bertin and S. Biagi and C. Bigongiari and M. Bou-Cabo and Bouwhuis, {M. C.} and A. Brown and J. Brunner and J. Busto and F. Camarena and A. Capone and C. C{\^a}rloganu and G. Carminati and J. Carr and B. Cassano and E. Castorina and V. Cavasinni and S. Cecchini and A. Ceres and Ph Charvis and T. Chiarusi and {Chon Sen}, N. and M. Circella and R. Coniglione and H. Costantini and N. Cottini and P. Coyle and C. Curtil and {De Bonis}, G. and Decowski, {M. P.} and I. Dekeyser and A. Deschamps and C. Distefano and C. Donzaud and D. Dornic and D. Drouhin and T. Eberl and U. Emanuele and Ernenwein, {J. P.} and S. Escoffier and F. Fehr and C. Fiorello and V. Flaminio and U. Fritsch and Fuda, {J. L.} and P. Gay and G. Giacomelli and G{\'o}mez-Gon{\'a}zlez, {J. P.} and K. Graf and G. Guillard and G. Halladjian and G. Hallewell and {Van Haren}, H. and Heijboer, {A. J.} and E. Heine and Y. Hello and Hernndez-Rey, {J. J.} and B. Herold and J. Ḧ{\ss}l and {De Jong}, M. and N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki and O. Kalekin and A. Kappes and U. Katz and P. Keller and P. Kooijman and C. Kopper and A. Kouchner and W. Kretschmer and R. Lahmann and P. Lamare and G. Lambard and G. Larosa and H. Laschinsky and {Le Provost}, H. and D. Lef{\`e}vre and G. Lelaizant and G. Lim and {Lo Presti}, D. and H. Loehner and S. Loucatos and F. Louis and F. Lucarelli and S. Mangano and M. Marcelin and A. Margiotta and Martinez-Mora, {J. A.} and A. Mazure and M. Mongelli and T. Montaruli and M. Morganti and L. Moscoso and Motz, {Holger Martin} and C. Naumann and M. Neff and R. Ostasch and D. Palioselitis and Pǎvǎlaş, {G. E.} and P. Payre and J. Petrovic and N. Picot-Clemente and C. Picq and V. Popa and T. Pradier and E. Presani and C. Racca and A. Radu and C. Reed and G. Riccobene and C. Richardt and M. Rujoiu and M. Ruppi and Russo, {G. V.} and F. Salesa and P. Sapienza and F. Sch{\"o}ck and Schuller, {J. P.} and R. Shanidze and F. Simeone and M. Spurio and Steijger, {J. J M} and Th Stolarczyk and M. Taiuti and C. Tamburini and L. Tasca and S. Toscano and B. Vallage and {Van Elewyck}, V. and G. Vannoni and M. Vecchi and P. Vernin and G. Wijnker and {De Wolf}, E. and H. Yepes and D. Zaborov and Zornoza, {J. D.} and J. Z{\'u}{\~n}iga",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1016/j.nima.2010.09.053",
language = "English",
volume = "626-627",
pages = "128--143",
journal = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment",
issn = "0168-9002",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - AMADEUS the acoustic neutrino detection test system of the ANTARES deep-sea neutrino telescope

AU - Aguilar, J. A.

AU - Al Samarai, I.

AU - Albert, A.

AU - Anghinolfi, M.

AU - Anton, G.

AU - Anvar, S.

AU - Ardid, M.

AU - Assis Jesus, A. C.

AU - Astraatmadja, T.

AU - Aubert, J. J.

AU - Auer, R.

AU - Barbarito, E.

AU - Baret, B.

AU - Basa, S.

AU - Bazzotti, M.

AU - Bertin, V.

AU - Biagi, S.

AU - Bigongiari, C.

AU - Bou-Cabo, M.

AU - Bouwhuis, M. C.

AU - Brown, A.

AU - Brunner, J.

AU - Busto, J.

AU - Camarena, F.

AU - Capone, A.

AU - Cârloganu, C.

AU - Carminati, G.

AU - Carr, J.

AU - Cassano, B.

AU - Castorina, E.

AU - Cavasinni, V.

AU - Cecchini, S.

AU - Ceres, A.

AU - Charvis, Ph

AU - Chiarusi, T.

AU - Chon Sen, N.

AU - Circella, M.

AU - Coniglione, R.

AU - Costantini, H.

AU - Cottini, N.

AU - Coyle, P.

AU - Curtil, C.

AU - De Bonis, G.

AU - Decowski, M. P.

AU - Dekeyser, I.

AU - Deschamps, A.

AU - Distefano, C.

AU - Donzaud, C.

AU - Dornic, D.

AU - Drouhin, D.

AU - Eberl, T.

AU - Emanuele, U.

AU - Ernenwein, J. P.

AU - Escoffier, S.

AU - Fehr, F.

AU - Fiorello, C.

AU - Flaminio, V.

AU - Fritsch, U.

AU - Fuda, J. L.

AU - Gay, P.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Gómez-Gonázlez, J. P.

AU - Graf, K.

AU - Guillard, G.

AU - Halladjian, G.

AU - Hallewell, G.

AU - Van Haren, H.

AU - Heijboer, A. J.

AU - Heine, E.

AU - Hello, Y.

AU - Hernndez-Rey, J. J.

AU - Herold, B.

AU - Ḧßl, J.

AU - De Jong, M.

AU - Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.

AU - Kalekin, O.

AU - Kappes, A.

AU - Katz, U.

AU - Keller, P.

AU - Kooijman, P.

AU - Kopper, C.

AU - Kouchner, A.

AU - Kretschmer, W.

AU - Lahmann, R.

AU - Lamare, P.

AU - Lambard, G.

AU - Larosa, G.

AU - Laschinsky, H.

AU - Le Provost, H.

AU - Lefèvre, D.

AU - Lelaizant, G.

AU - Lim, G.

AU - Lo Presti, D.

AU - Loehner, H.

AU - Loucatos, S.

AU - Louis, F.

AU - Lucarelli, F.

AU - Mangano, S.

AU - Marcelin, M.

AU - Margiotta, A.

AU - Martinez-Mora, J. A.

AU - Mazure, A.

AU - Mongelli, M.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Morganti, M.

AU - Moscoso, L.

AU - Motz, Holger Martin

AU - Naumann, C.

AU - Neff, M.

AU - Ostasch, R.

AU - Palioselitis, D.

AU - Pǎvǎlaş, G. E.

AU - Payre, P.

AU - Petrovic, J.

AU - Picot-Clemente, N.

AU - Picq, C.

AU - Popa, V.

AU - Pradier, T.

AU - Presani, E.

AU - Racca, C.

AU - Radu, A.

AU - Reed, C.

AU - Riccobene, G.

AU - Richardt, C.

AU - Rujoiu, M.

AU - Ruppi, M.

AU - Russo, G. V.

AU - Salesa, F.

AU - Sapienza, P.

AU - Schöck, F.

AU - Schuller, J. P.

AU - Shanidze, R.

AU - Simeone, F.

AU - Spurio, M.

AU - Steijger, J. J M

AU - Stolarczyk, Th

AU - Taiuti, M.

AU - Tamburini, C.

AU - Tasca, L.

AU - Toscano, S.

AU - Vallage, B.

AU - Van Elewyck, V.

AU - Vannoni, G.

AU - Vecchi, M.

AU - Vernin, P.

AU - Wijnker, G.

AU - De Wolf, E.

AU - Yepes, H.

AU - Zaborov, D.

AU - Zornoza, J. D.

AU - Zúñiga, J.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - The AMADEUS (ANTARES Modules for the Acoustic Detection Under the Sea) system which is described in this article aims at the investigation of techniques for acoustic detection of neutrinos in the deep sea. It is integrated into the ANTARES neutrino telescope in the Mediterranean Sea. Its acoustic sensors, installed at water depths between 2050 and 2300 m, employ piezo-electric elements for the broad-band recording of signals with frequencies ranging up to 125 kHz. The typical sensitivity of the sensors is around -145 dB re 1 V/μPa (including preamplifier). Completed in May 2008, AMADEUS consists of six "acoustic clusters", each comprising six acoustic sensors that are arranged at distances of roughly 1 m from each other. Two vertical mechanical structures (so-called lines) of the ANTARES detector host three acoustic clusters each. Spacings between the clusters range from 14.5 to 340 m. Each cluster contains custom-designed electronics boards to amplify and digitise the acoustic signals from the sensors. An on-shore computer cluster is used to process and filter the data stream and store the selected events. The daily volume of recorded data is about 10 GB. The system is operating continuously and automatically, requiring only little human intervention. AMADEUS allows for extensive studies of both transient signals and ambient noise in the deep sea, as well as signal correlations on several length scales and localisation of acoustic point sources. Thus the system is excellently suited to assess the background conditions for the measurement of the bipolar pulses expected to originate from neutrino interactions.

AB - The AMADEUS (ANTARES Modules for the Acoustic Detection Under the Sea) system which is described in this article aims at the investigation of techniques for acoustic detection of neutrinos in the deep sea. It is integrated into the ANTARES neutrino telescope in the Mediterranean Sea. Its acoustic sensors, installed at water depths between 2050 and 2300 m, employ piezo-electric elements for the broad-band recording of signals with frequencies ranging up to 125 kHz. The typical sensitivity of the sensors is around -145 dB re 1 V/μPa (including preamplifier). Completed in May 2008, AMADEUS consists of six "acoustic clusters", each comprising six acoustic sensors that are arranged at distances of roughly 1 m from each other. Two vertical mechanical structures (so-called lines) of the ANTARES detector host three acoustic clusters each. Spacings between the clusters range from 14.5 to 340 m. Each cluster contains custom-designed electronics boards to amplify and digitise the acoustic signals from the sensors. An on-shore computer cluster is used to process and filter the data stream and store the selected events. The daily volume of recorded data is about 10 GB. The system is operating continuously and automatically, requiring only little human intervention. AMADEUS allows for extensive studies of both transient signals and ambient noise in the deep sea, as well as signal correlations on several length scales and localisation of acoustic point sources. Thus the system is excellently suited to assess the background conditions for the measurement of the bipolar pulses expected to originate from neutrino interactions.

KW - Acoustic neutrino detection

KW - AMADEUS

KW - ANTARES

KW - Neutrino telescope

KW - Thermo-acoustic model

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79251595181&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79251595181&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.nima.2010.09.053

DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2010.09.053

M3 - Article

VL - 626-627

SP - 128

EP - 143

JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

SN - 0168-9002

IS - 1

ER -